Rus Articles Journal

Indicators of development of the child by 1 year to 3 months
(the main indicators of development of the child of early age) of

we Suggest you to get acquainted with the main indicators of development of the child. They will help interested persons (parents, tutors, teachers) to define extent of development of the specific kid and in case of need to take the appropriate measures of correction.

By drawing up these indicators are used by

own scientifically - methodical researches of the author of the book Elena Volosova, long-term supervision over children of early age, and also materials from work “Diagnostics nervously - mental development of children of the first three years of life“ (TsOLIU of doctors, M., 1979) and the Basic program of development of the child - the preschool child “Sources“ (The Preschool Childhood center of A. V. Zaporozhets, M., 1997).

Informative development

Difference of objects of a form, size, color:

everyone Is guided in two forms, the different size (balls, cubes). Finds after display. Distinguishes a familiar big subject (toy) from small; finds after display, at the request of the adult. Selects (without calling) to a subject of any one color of the same color of a toy (1 - 2 flowers). Removes and strings rings on a pyramid core. One puts cubes on another (builds a tower, the house). Holds (in own way) in a hand a pencil, a felt-tip pen, strikes on paper.

Game actions:

Independently reproduces the actions with objects studied earlier (strings rings, one puts cubes on another, feeds a doll, a bear)

Reproduces one familiar action with a toy (swings, carries):

Transfers familiar actions with one subject to another (feeds both a doll and a bear; carries both the machine and a carriage). Makes identical actions with different toys:

Likes to play

with use objects. Imitates close adults:“ reads“ as the father, “prepares lessons“ as the sister.

Socially - emotional development

the Emotional balanced state remains during the day.

Often watches

at the adult, especially in new or difficult situations.

Imitates a mimicry, to the movements of the close adult (laughs, smiles, frowns) irrespective of a situation.

Emotionally reacts to the actions with toys (a mimicry, a voice intoning).

Catches feelings of the peer: cries, laughs.

Emotionally reacts to other child.

Emotionally differently reacts to the familiar or unfamiliar adult.

Quickly passes

from one emotional state into another: for pleasure to a whim.

Easily gives in to switching of attention (derivation).

Learns

surrounding through the emotional feelings (from height it is possible to fall - “painfully“, to touch the battery - “hotly“).

Own speech (separate words) supplements

with a mimicry, the movements, an intoning.

the Look gets various expressive shades: joyful, interested, asking, asking, etc.

Smiles, peeping in eyes or shout, draws with whims attention of the close adult.

by

it is Emotionally unchained with relatives, is intense with strangers.

by

it is Emotionally attached to mother (is emotionally dependent). Cries at its leaving; not for long longs, having remained with the unfamiliar adult.

by

It is surprised, frightened unexpected, new.

Tension, a dissatisfied look appear at restriction the movement, discomfort, refusal in the desirable.

is Shown by interest in games of other children.

Becomes interested in

in a new toy, actions with it.

by

it is Emotionally strained at inability.

Rejoices when receiving result from some game operations performed by the adult or independently.

to

I Am glad to games, joint with adults, - occupations, cheerful games.

Emotionally variously reacts to dance tunes and quiet melodies; melodiousness of verses, humourous catchphrases, songs.

Speech development

Understanding of the speech:

Understands many names of familiar toys, surrounding objects, knows names of close adults, names of clothes, designation of actions, some everyday situations.

Shows

at the request of the adult of a part of the face at the person and at a figurative toy.

is Carried out by one - two orders of the adult connected with familiar actions: brings, finds, plays “pat-a-cake“.

With interest considers pictures in the book (recognizes characters).

Listens to poteshka, verses, songs.

the Active speech (says up to 20 facilitated words):

Pronounces simple words, correlates them to objects, actions. Uses words (in an individual pronunciation):

Continues to say lepetny sounds. Imitates sounds (words) at the request of the adult (“barks“, “peeps“, “hoots“).

Household skills

Drinks

from a cup (a little).

Keeps a spoon in a cam, lowers in dense food, gathers a little, informs a mouth, eats (the adult finishes feeding).

“Wipes“ hands, a face when washing.

Begins to ask on a pot.

Physical development

Goes independently, but can fall. Steadily costs, squats, bends, turns, moves back (changes provisions). Can sometimes creep.

Rises by a short flight of stairs of a children`s hill an added step. Goes on the board lying on a floor. Raises hands forward, up, in the parties, takes away for a back, rotates (standing, sitting, lying):

Moves

with fingers, rotates hands.