How to make a visit of the museum pleasant and useful. Part 1
At the best intentions is risk to begin not with that. We often hear or we speak: “In this city it is necessary to descend in the museum“...
Awakening of interest in painting
Interest in art, in particular to painting (just as, however, and to reading), at children does not arise by itself. To cause this interest not so difficult, but to beat off it too very easily. Therefore it is necessary to take the first steps carefully.
Refuse stereotypes. At the best intentions there is a risk to begin not with that. We often hear or we speak: “In this city it is necessary to descend in the museum“, “It by all means should be seen“, “It is so interesting“ (or “Tam so beautifully!“ ). But arguments, quite convincing for the adult, will hardly work on the child. It is not enough hope that after your words it will spill out interest in art and the more so desire to run in the museum.
Address own experience. Tell honestly: whether you why it is worth going to the museum know? What your own memories of the first acquaintance to art gallery? If vague or not too iridescent, it is better to leave them at itself. It was boring for you then - it will be boring for the child now: boredom thing infectious. If, on the contrary, impressions remained pleasant, try to understand them. Do not look for rational explanations; forget everything that you managed to learn since then, return to the early experience. Also it is necessary to begin with it, he and should try to be transferred to children.
just Try to express the feelings. You for certain with little effort will be able to revive in memory what sank down in due time to you in soul: work, the hall where you saw it, a detail of a picture or a sculpture. Let it will be fleeting feeling, the atmosphere, a color spot, reviews of acquaintances of some exhibition, at last, a reproduction in the magazine or in the book. Try to give to the child the feelings which arose at you - without scientific reasonings, by the own words.
Pleasure of communication. Anyway interest which you once showed has to become the main starting moment: it also needs to try to be inspired in the child. Tell it what picture is pleasant to you and what is not present what amuses you or it is represented mysterious. Most likely, he will want to learn why, it will want to get into this secret. Moreover: if you cannot define why the picture causes in you this or that reaction, safely admit it. Take an interest in opinion of the child; it is not excluded that he will prompt you the answer. No matter, what the experienced audience appreciates a picture: what attracts in it your children is valuable to you. You slightly open before them separate, own door to the world of fine. Your words, minutes of heart-felt communication and mutual trust it is more important than any lectures.be not fond of
. Do not run forward, do not expatiate in advance on what you are going to show to the child. You deprive of his pleasure of independent opening. To admire what the person - there is he big or small - yet does not know, did not see, did not read etc., - occupation very ungrateful. Therefore be not fond, otherwise the child will feel superfluous where you already accustomed. If you begin to state in every possible way own impressions, feelings and estimates what will remain to him? Give it the chance to concentrate, collect the thoughts. Of course, if you just silently face a picture to which you want to draw its attention, it will hardly help it. But it is even worse to speak too much and too with confidence, perhaps.
Provide to the child a freedom of choice. If the child does not divide your addictions, provide him freedom. You gave to it the first impetus - now trust in its own choice; your personal opinion for it only a starting point. Define what he pays attention to. Follow it from the hall to the hall: sooner or later it before something will stop even if before will manage to pass by some conventional masterpiece indifferently. You will be able to return with it to this masterpiece later. Your task - to prepare and push the child to the first meeting with fine; not to you to decide where and when it occurs. Its choice can surprise, afflict, go you counter to your own tastes, and, nevertheless, it is the best of all to begin with what will be chosen by him, whether it be a landscape of the 19th century or the monochrome cloth written to
with what will be chosen by your child. Let`s lay still aside the question “what to begin with“. At the first stage you should not try to give to children harmonous system of knowledge taking into account chronology, stories of development of a civilization and art styles. If later your child wants to study art profoundly, it will be already quite another matter. Over time he will manage to adapt to certain requirements. For now your purpose - to give it joy, simple, but rare pleasure: ability to see. This ability will develop at the child only when he freely solves what to look at, long or not for long to face some picture - generally, will begin to be conformed only with own desires.
How to make a visit of the museum pleasant and useful
If you want to visit the museum, an exhibition or gallery, having combined business with pleasure, does not prevent to acquire several simple rules - so simple that we usually forget about them.
you do not go to the museum in rainy days. By tradition it is considered that rainy weather best of all is suitable for the museum. Certainly, if the child has vacation and with might and main the sun shines, it is more natural to stay on air, and in any way not to stick out in the museum. This ordinary opinion is quite misleading. It assumes that go to the museum only when there is nothing to be engaged more. Meanwhile the visit of the museum has to be the conscious choice, a holiday, but not a way to kill time. By the way, in a sunny day it is much more pleasant to look at pictures, than in cloudy. And to stand in a queue in clothes with wet jackets and umbrellas - quite sad occupation. Of course, for the real fan of art similar reasons of a role do not play, but all this is capable to poison the first children`s impressions.
Stop on the museum to which it is not too far. Being chosen with children somewhere, we are going to listen to moaning in advance: “Far still?“, “Well when we at last will come?“ . If the planned museum it is far from the house and it is possible to reach only on foot there, it is better to refuse this invention. While you go, the child will be tired - and will finally be upset, having learned, as on the museum it is necessary to go and go still. Let`s assume, you safely covered the distance - and saw the long turn before an entrance. Here it is necessary either to stock up with patience, or to come in other day. But so far as you stood turn and got inside, prior to survey bring together the child in museum cafeteria and let`s it be supported a little: the mood at it will be lightened at once.
do not tighten stay in the museum, do not try to see everything. Any visit of the museum - it is unimportant in what - serious loading for the child. It will have to go without hurrying, not to rustle, not to touch anything - all this hardly. Small children in general are inclined to consider museum halls as a desired scope where it is possible to run about thoroughly. From the child the known concentration, concentration of attention which for certain will dissipate if you with it stay before a picture longer will be required, than it is necessary. It is one thousand times more useful to spend five minutes before one work, than within an hour to watch “on tops“ everything. You remember: in half an hour the child, most likely, will be sated with what was seen; than it is younger, those need to allow less time for stay in the museum. It is better to come again in other day.Explain
to the child how to behave in the museum. The basic rules of behavior are uniform everywhere. It is impossible to touch pictures and to approach them too close; it is forbidden to photograph with flash. These rules can seem to children too strict. Explain that all this is thought up in order that painting remained as long as possible. There are pictures to which it is a lot of centuries; they endured wars, the fires, floods, it is easy to damage them - they very fragile and demand the care. If to touch them, even with clean hands, it is possible to scratch them or to bring invisible harmful microorganisms on a surface. And uncountable flashlights are capable “to burn“ and decolour a paint layer over time. Therefore some museums simply forbid visitors to carry by with themselves cameras.Deliver to
yourself to the place of your child, “fall“ to his level. The museum weighing of pictures is calculated on the level of eyes of the adult. Try to sit down and look at a picture from below - you are convinced that the child, with his small growth, sees not absolutely the same that you. Do not forget about it is then you will understand why the child was interested in some detail, in your opinion minor. Perhaps, something escaped from your attention just appeared at it directly before eyes.
Use plans, read plates. In the majority of the museums detailed plans of an exposition are offered visitors. Explain to the child how to use the plan, and he with pleasure will choose a route. To children will be more senior interesting to learn by what principle of a picture take place in halls - on chronological or on thematic. In some halls painting of one concrete country or works of a certain artist can be presented, and in others works of different eras and different masters can hang together. Draw attention of the child to plates near pictures, help to read correctly their names, names of artists and date, explain the simplest designations of equipment (“a canvas, oil“ or “a tree, oil“).
be not afraid to come back to familiar pictures. If the picture was pleasant, the child will want to see it again: all children adore listening to favourite fairy tales on hundred times or to watch favourite movies. At the initial stage you should repeat patiently the same way, but it is not waste of time, but very important ritual. The fallen in love picture will stir interest in others, and with your active help the child will understand that every time, looking at the same picture, it is possible to open in it for itself something new.
Leaving the museum, buy cards with reproductions. Plan time so that it was finally possible to choose and buy cards. Cards - fine and easy souvenirs; it is possible to decorate with them walls in the nursery or to use as bookmarks for books. The child will collect them, sometimes to scatter, lose, but when finds again, will be delighted to them as the old acquaintance. In the beginning it will be just beautiful pictures which are so cheerful for touching in a museum booth, but then these tiny reproductions will help to keep and recover early children`s impressions.
do not forget to come into cafe. The visit of the museum will not be full if you did not come into cafe. For the child it is like cinema without popcorn or without ice cream. If in the museum there is no cafeteria, come where - nibud nearby. The child is younger, the it is more important to arrange him this small holiday.