Rus Articles Journal

Only baoby. Little emperors of Celestial Empire

If you appear in China, at least out of curiosity glance in some large shop of children`s goods. At the sight of abundance of a kidswear of different styles, flowers, from various fabrics, a huge number of toys, any amusing and bright features and things you will understand around whom this planet, at least on the scale of separately taken Celestial Empire turns.

Chinese always loved children. Perhaps, therefore their number is so big. This love reached apogee after introduction of rigid restriction of birth rate to 70 - x years of the 20th century, not without reason Chinese thought up the analog of the English word “beyb“ which sounds as “baobey“ and literally means “precious treasure“.

To 70 - x years in China, in the big agrarian country, families traditionally were quite big, the numerous posterity is future labor and pledge of a reproduction. Besides, because of high mortality, not all children lived up to mature age.

Psychologically Chinese were always ready for a family with by 5 - 10 children. But in 1970 - x years it became obvious that the huge number of people overloads land, water and energy resources of the country. 5,8 children at that time were the share of one woman on average. For bulk of the population the legislative ban on the birth more than one kid, “one family - one child“ was imposed. The exception was made only for families of Beijing in which mother and the father - the only children, for ethnic minorities (and them in the People`s Republic of China about 8%), and also for the villagers having one child - the girl.

Restriction of birth rate played a role. Population continued to grow, but already much slower rates, and now statistically the average number of children on one woman makes only 1,8 persons.

At the same time this policy caused a set of problems. One of them is connected with the fact that traditionally the preference was given in China to boys, and the girl`s birth in the majority of families was equated unfortunately. This relation was reflected in names which parents gave to newborns (Chinese have no limited list of names, almost any noun or the phrase can be a name). Boys were named Hera, the little Dragon, the Great Tiger whereas girls - Obedient, Quiet, and sometimes and were just numbered or gave some offensive name of type the Big Mistake or Unnecessary.

the girl`s Birth in many families is considered a big mistake and today, behind only that exception that this mistake can be made only once, the second time will not be any more. The government even had to forbid doctors to inform future parents on a sex of the child as in most cases if the girl had to be born, it led to pregnancy interruption.

However Chinese and in this question were

masters, the sex of the child can be planned. And now on each 100 girls in China 117 boys are born. In 2005 the authorities even began to pay a cash bonus to families in which the girl was born.

Some parents after the birth of the girl risked

for the second time, but the second child in that case was born “illegal immigrant“ and practically lost an opportunity to get an education and a good job, joining himself ranks of unskilled workers if only parents did not agree to payment enough serious penalties.

Now the authorities of China think of lifting of restriction on birth rate in connection with the growing rates of aging of the population. By calculations of experts, by 2030 persons are more senior than 60 years will make 20% of the population of the country. 300 million disabled people who do not have means of livelihood will create considerable threat for national economy.

sociologists consider by

But the most sad consequence of policy of restriction of birth rate a problem of “little emperors“ into whom the Chinese kids satiated attention of adults turned. The Chinese child - as if the certain planet around which numerous relatives - mother turn, the father, grandmothers, grandfathers, aunts, uncles. All of them seek to pay to the kid at most of attention therefore the child grows up dependent, the spoiled, not tempered, often burdened excess weight, with unreasonably high self-assessment.

First of all it concerns the boys who often are brought up counter with a traditional educational system. Such kids create practically everything that to them will like: misbehave, fight, absorb a large amount of sweets, and adults only slightly rebuke mischievous persons, in soul be touched their spontaneities.

it is traditional

education of the child in China were engaged from the earliest age, practically since the birth. Brought up them within the Confucian morals ordering implicit submission by the senior, filial (affiliated) respect and respect for ancestors.

Many foreigners note that the Chinese children very quiet, obedient and compliant, especially girls. For example, mother can leave the child at an entrance to shop and go behind purchases, and the kid will patiently wait for her return. Besides, education of the child is the state care, kids can be sent to a day nursery from three-months age. Practically all children attend kindergartens, the centers of early development where they with them are engaged much, comprehensively develop - both in physical, and in the intellectual plan. Loading at children of early school age is so considerable that to the third class many children go wearing spectacles.

the Main reception of education - the game imitating future work. In game children comprehend the basic principles of adulthood, cultivate in themselves readiness for hard work, aspiration to make the contribution to development of the country.