Rus Articles Journal

Flat legs of

They say that do not argue with the facts. Fact: flat-footedness is in a varying degree noted at 80% of all population of the globe. We can make nothing from these 80%. But we can do everything possible that our children got to treasured 20% of people who have no flat-footedness.

Flat-footedness - what is it? Conversation on this disease should begin

with the story about what in general foot is.

So, foot is a support of our organism. Yes, all of 50 - 100 kg bodies of the adult are kept by two small platforms on of 20 - 40 cm! And not just keep, but also go, run and jump. For this purpose foot has two arches: longitudinal and cross. Thanks to a vaulted structure of stop will amortize each movement and if these arches are flattened, then oporno - the motive device “wears out“ quicker.

From here two conclusions:

flat-footedness will never pass
  1. “in itself“. Moreover, without treatment it will only progress;
  2. at flat-footedness hurt not only legs - it are also violation of a bearing, early osteochondrosis and frequent headaches.

the Dangerous age

If to look at legs of the newborn baby, then from - for a large amount of subcutaneous fat of stop will seem absolutely flat. The child “got up and went“? Do not wait for special changes: the weak arches of foot will be flattened under the weight of the peanut. Only to 5 - 6 to years nurseries of a foot will get the habitual curved form.

I again conclusions:


the Vast majority of children is born

with healthy legs. A task of parents - to keep this health, conforming to several simple rules.

1. Regular visit of the orthopedist

So far to the child will not be executed by

year, parents obediently go to the orthopedist. It is necessary to look how the kid gets on feet as the boot on the first steps learns to go, discuss the choice...

Unfortunately, after a year on routine inspections of children is driven infrequently, and flat-footedness is noticed already closer by 7 years, during registration of a medical record in school. And if the doctor was visited as it is necessary (i.e. in 2, 3 and 5 years), then the problem would be noticed at once and would be solved just selection of suitable footwear. By the way: the orthopedist not only will estimate the child`s feet, but also will track his bearing and gait.

2. The choice of the correct footwear


As a rule, on the first steps to the kid is bought by good orthopedic boots. But the child is more senior, the more he asks to buy not a useful, but fashionable obuvka! Bedroom-slippers. Shoes on heels - carnations for little women of fashion. Slippers on absolutely flat sole or boots on a platform. Socks or stupid, as a box, or made narrower, as a muzzle of a crocodile. It is not footwear, and real murderers of foot!


are not suitable for continuous carrying also modern sneakers. They are intended for sports activities, but not for usual walks down the street in any way. The matter is that them “the springing properties“ completely relieve legs of need to amortize each step, and foot begins “to be lazy“. Without loading the muscles supporting the foot arch therefore the foot is flattened weaken and through some time comfortable movement becomes possible only... in sneakers!

the Correct footwear for the child has to meet the following requirements:

to suit

Cannot suggest the child to wear footwear for someone. The Raznoshenny footwear is a print of a leg of the owner. On other leg such boots will incorrectly distribute loading. And inconvenient fashionable shoes can be put on on holidays. The purpose of their acquisition - not to walk the streets daily, and to admire and brag.

Who is guilty
At my daughter (2 years 8 months) quite flat foot. Of course, we visit the orthopedist, but I do not see still special improvement. Besides, I noticed that during walking the right leg of the daughter pigeontoes - it was only not enough! My mother considers that I am guilty of problems of the child - because allegedly I buy the wrong footwear. Houses the daughter walks in slippers, down the street in the winter - in boots - dutika, and in the summer in free slaps. To it it is convenient and good - it is the main thing or I really do something not so?
Elena, 28 years your grandmother is right! The wrong footwear can really be the cause of problems with legs. As to choose it? If you measure boots or shoes in shop, surely ask the kid to walk round the hall - when the child costs, his foot increases a little therefore it is better to check harmony of a boot in “walking“ situation. Children need to choose footwear from natural materials: skin, felt or textiles, - unlike synthetics, they perfectly adapt to foot. Children`s boots have to have an elastic sole, flexible and with a small heel, a back - integral, rigid and rounded off from above, and a sock - wide that to the kid it was equally comfortable both to run and to go and to stir legs. Gait easy for you!
Svetlana Frolova, fashion designer of TM “Kotofey“

3. The healthy nutrition

of Stop is not only bones. Muscles and ligaments also support the foot arch therefore the they are weaker, the probability of flat-footedness is higher. Excess weight conducts to flattening of foot too: try to keep an arch form if from above on you weight presses, it is twice more put on age!

, with enough protein, calcium, phosphorus and vitamins, needs the Healthy, healthy nutrition for prevention of flat-footedness. The child surely has to eat daily fruit, vegetables, meat or fish, milk and dairy products - and not to abuse porridges, pastries, bread and macaroni.

4. Barefoot life

to go barefoot on linoleum or a parquet is not harmful. But it does not prevent flat-footedness. It is necessary that legs strained, and weight of a body was continually transferred from a heel to a sock and back. Walk barefoot on stones, pebble, sand, a grass, just on the ground is both a hardening, and prevention of flat-footedness. In the fall and in the winter, when there is no an opportunity to run down the street without footwear, it is possible to lay a massage rug in a bathroom and to suggest the child to brush teeth and to wash, standing on it without footwear.

5. Sports activities

Any sports activities strengthen sheaves and muscles, so, it is excellent prevention of flat-footedness. If there is no opportunity to visit sports circles and sections, then it is necessary to put houses a small sports complex. The rope and the Swedish wall will help to keep health of legs.

6. To avoid long carrying weights and to watch the child`s bearing

Chock-full the loaded backpacks which carry not only school students, but also preschool children now, - one more step to problems with foot. The formed leg is simply not adapted for that the child carried weights. Communication of a malposture with flat-footedness reminds an old riddle “What appeared earlier - chicken or egg?“ because sometimes it is impossible to tell what of these diseases was the first and what only is its consequence. It is known only that violation of a bearing leads to flat-footedness and vice versa - flat-footedness causes violation of a bearing.

How to make the diagnosis

From diagnostic methods the plantografiya is most widely known to

- the flat-footedness assessment method on foot prints on paper quite so is called. Though the method is very simple performed by (it is necessary to moisten only the child`s legs with water and to ask to stand quietly on a sheet of paper), it is senseless to carry out a plantografiya in house conditions, it is correct interpret the received results only the orthopedic surgeon knowing features of children`s foot can. Independently made wrong diagnosis and the subsequent incorrect treatment can do a lot of harm (for example, use of medical insoles needlessly). So without expert neither to survey, nor you should treat the child.

What has to guard parents and force them to pay extraordinary visit to policlinic?

  • of the Complaint of the kid to pain in legs less than in 30 minutes after the beginning of walk.
  • Fast and uneven deformation of footwear, at which for 1 - 2 month it stesyvatsya internal (or external), the edge of a heel, part of a top is bent by
  • inside or the inner edge of a sole is worn out.
  • Violation of a bearing. Constantly raised one shoulder or the shovel which on the one hand is sticking out more than with another.

How to treat

the Main directions of treatment of flat-footedness at preschool children is a physical therapy, massage and remedial gymnastics. Physical therapy (parafinoozokeritovy applications, electrophoresis etc.) it is appointed courses on 10 - 15 days (2 - 3 time in a year). This procedure often is followed by massage of foot and a shin. Consider, the professional has to do medical massage, Self-massage in this case it is impossible to manage! Gymnastics it is possible and it is necessary to be engaged at home. To collect by toes pencils, to go on special massage rugs, to roll stupnyam a rolling pin on a floor - in it there is nothing difficult, the main thing - to do exercises regularly. The good result is yielded by a gymnastics combination to foot bathtubs. For this purpose put a handful of pebble on a bottom of a basin and pour warm water to which it is possible to add coniferous extract. The child puts legs in a basin and begins to roll feet stones on a bottom. As a result blood circulation improves and the tone of muscles is normalized.

the insoles Made to order and special footwear for treatment of flat-footedness at children till 5 years is used extremely seldom. Even less often at preschool children such methods of treatment as imposing on legs of plaster bandages - tires or operation are used. It is connected with the fact that to cure the beginning flat-footedness at the growing children rather easily. It is much more difficult to cope with the started illness at the school student - the teenager. Concerning flat-footedness very fairly old remark: “It is cheaper and simpler to warn, than to treat“!