Rus Articles Journal

Indicators of development of the child by 12 months
(the main indicators of development of the child of early age) of

we Suggest you to get acquainted with the main indicators of development of the child. They will help interested persons (parents, tutors, teachers) to define extent of development of the specific kid and in case of need to take the appropriate measures of correction.

By drawing up these indicators are used by

own scientifically - methodical researches of the author of the book Elena Volosova, long-term supervision over children of early age, and also materials from work “Diagnostics nervously - mental development of children of the first three years of life“ (TsOLIU of doctors, M., 1979) and the Basic program of development of the child - the preschool child “Sources“ (The Preschool Childhood center of A. V. Zaporozhets, M., 1997).

Informative development


and strings on a pyramid core 3 - 4 rings with a wide opening:

  • imitating actions of the adult,
  • independently.

and closes lids:

  • on imitation,
  • in independent game.

is Put by one cube on another (on imitation).

Makes different actions with one familiar figurative toy: (feeds, wipes, brushes). Carries out separately two - three actions:

  • on imitation,
  • in independent games (if the game situation is created),
  • at the request of the adult.

Imitates game actions of the peer: pats, pours, breaks, pulls. Rolls a ball (ball), pushes a toy on wheels forward.

Independently closes

- opens doors, turns on radio, the TV, puts forward boxes, etc.

Emotionally - social development

Smiles, rejoices, working with a toy, especially from darling.

Rejoices to clockwork toys, cheerful games with the adult.


It is dissatisfied:

it “is impossible“ for

Rejoices to arrival of the loved one.

Imitates the adult`s mimicry.

Imitates a mimicry, the game movements, gestures of the peer.

Interrogatively watches

at the adult at difficulties, in unfamiliar situations. Cries, pricks up the ears at appearance of the stranger.

Smiles to

, learning the photo of the loved one. Shows interest in pictures in books. Smiles, jumps up, “sings along“ or quietly listens to music sounds, to a song.

Speech development

Understanding of the speech:

Performs familiar operations with a toy (puts, opens, carries) at the request of the adult.


on one of four familiar toys, on one of two pictures after the adult`s request: “Show -“.


, distinguishing a cube from a brick (from a ball), at the request of the adult.

Satisfies a request:“ put“, “give“, “carry“, “close“, “open“.

Submits to words it “is impossible“, it “is possible“.

Knows names of close adults (looks towards the called person).

Knows names of the clothes, household items (shows)

Waves a hand at words of the adult “good-bye“:


with handles on the word “no“.

at the request of the adult:


the Active speech (8 - 12 pronounced words):

the Facilitated words answers with

a question of the adult:“ Who is it?“ .

the Facilitated words correlates

to objects and actions (calls itself). Easily imitates familiar sounds and the movements (cries, laughs, coughs, sings, shouts for animals). Imitating, “speaks“ by phone. Imitates intonations of a song. Imitates clear words of other children. Easily imitates new words, repeating after the adult (intonatsionno, rhythmic).

Household skills


from a cup, holding it with hands.

Bites off

and chews bread, cookies.

Raises a hand, a leg during the clothing, an undressing (at the request of the adult).

Brings to

the things when clothing (knows their names).

Pulls hands to water when washing, “is wiped“ by a towel.


It is dissatisfied at neatness violation (asks on a pot characteristic sounds).

Physical development

Creeps up under an obstacle.

Creeps on an inclined surface, slips.

Climbs, clambers on sofas, chairs, goes down on a floor.


without support.

Squats, becomes straight, bends.

Goes, keeping one hand.

Rises by a short flight of stairs of a children`s hill an added step (by means of the adult).

Takes independently several steps without support or independently passes three - five meters.

Imitates the familiar movements of the adult.

Imitates the simple movements of the peer (claps, shakes, knocks).