Rus Articles Journal

We play the First substance with which with pleasure the child gets acquainted with water

, it is water. It gives to the child pleasant feelings, develops various receptors and gives almost unlimited opportunities to learn the world and itself in it. Games with water one of the most pleasant ways of training.

Such games are held by

not every day. After them it is necessary to bring long to a bathtub order, but the child receives from them the mass of useful impressions. For safety reasons the child has to play with water only at your presence. During games surely you comment words on everything that is done and seen by the child. Pay its attention to how objects from different materials, the different size and weight, with openings or without them “behave“ in water.

How to play with water?

At first warm bathtub walls a stream of hot water from a shower. On a bottom of a bathtub it is possible to put something - a piece of foam rubber or a penoplen (cut out in a bathtub bottom form from a tourist rug). Put the child in a bathtub, without pouring water there, and having let it from the crane. It is impossible to leave the child in the filled bathtub even for a minute. And about a small basin with water - it is possible. Therefore it is the best of all to put a basin that water was gathered in it under the crane. Then water can be taken both from a basin, and from the crane.

Is poured, we pour out, we observe, we compare!

Water can be poured

in various capacities. Naturally, only plastic (it is possible to use jars and small bottles of the different size, a style, a look, the invoice, volume). Compare an amount of water in vessels of a similar form, but the different size. And, on the contrary, relatives by the size, but a different form. Different in transparency - opacities. Use as a measure the third vessel (transparent), having made on it marks a marker and pouring out water of the first two in turn there.

Try to count

how many small glasses “will be located“ in a big bottle (for filling of a bottle use a funnel). And if to pour out then back in glasses? Whether all of them will be filled? Or water in a bottle will remain?

Ask

the child that will be if to lower an empty open bottle entirely under water. It to be filled or will remain empty? The bottle can be immersed under water, holding different ways: horizontally, under an inclination or vertically (up a neck or down).

if it to close

A and to lower in water? Take an empty plastic bottle, screw up a cover and throw into water. She will horizontally swim on a water surface. Let the child will try to lower it to a bottom and to hold there.

Then open a cover, fill a bottle with water to a half, close and let in water. She will swim under an inclination. That part which is filled will be under water.

Then pour a bottle to top, close a cover. It will sink in water. If you fill not to the very top, then over water there will be a tip of a bottle where there is no water. Do the same experience with boxes from the kinder - surprises.

Turn two bottles filled under water and gradually pull out from water. Leave one shipped by a neck, and gradually pull out another further. Observe what will occur.

for

In a cover of one of bottles, it is desirable made of soft plastic, do a small hole. At you the ordinary bryzgalka will turn out, maybe, you remember, earlier children splashed each other from such on the street. Teach the kid to pour in it water, having squeezed a bottle and having shipped a tip in water. Also allow it to be sprinkled a little much in a bathroom, having curtained blinds.

can make by

In walls of any plastic bottle (it is better to take bottles from dense plastic) holes. They are done by scissors: pierce a hole and turn scissors around themselves. It can be one hole (any size, and it is better if are different on different bottles): above, below or in the middle.

Or a little (all identical or everyone the size):

Can do to

openings in day of bottles or cans (one or several - the identical or different size).

Experiment

with such bottles: pour in them water from - under the crane (try to do it under a different pressure), immerse them under water (it is possible to try to stop up with a hand a neck), and then get and you watch how water pours out through holes and at what moment it ceases to pour out. Differently transparent and opaque bottles look.

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It is thrown in water everything!

In water can throw toys and to catch those which will float on a surface one or two palms, two fingers or a sieve, a colander, a net, a stick, a ladle. It is possible to scoop a glass, the ball will float in is mute and if a sieve, then water pours out, and the toy will remain at the bottom. Not so - that is simple to catch a toy a palm.

was Tried to be played with floating toys, now we will try to find out and whether there are objects and materials which do not float in water.

we Will try to put in water objects from different materials:

  1. Metal - a spoon usual, other objects (do not forget to pull out, wipe and clean them at once);
  2. the Tree - a wooden spoon, a pan and so forth (too do not forget to take away at once that objects did not spoil from moisture);
  3. Plastic - any objects and toys;
  4. Rubber - in one rubber toy cut out a bottom, and throw others as is; compare;
  5. Fabric - pieces of different fabrics, the different sizes - some of them will quickly become wet, some are not present. If you prepared not really dirty thing in washing, let`s the child it “wash“, such “washing“ gives to children huge pleasure, besides, so they get acquainted with how fabric absorbs in itself water as it is heavier, changes to the touch as its color changes.
  6. Paper and a cardboard of different density - become wet differently, at once entirely or at first edges, quicker or more slowly, sink or float, take pieces of the different size - the small piece becomes wet quicker than big.
  7. of the Sponge of the different sizes - porolonovy, rubber. Them it is possible to gather water, to squeeze out them, to collect the poured water. Some of them swim, some become impregnated at once and quickly sink.

Experiments with the tinted water

Can tint water water color paints. It is better to begin with one color. In one bottle (plastic, transparent) make the concentrated solution, and then spill this solution in different quantities in the second, third and fourth bottles (it is possible to cut them across, then to turn out tall glasses, in them it will be more convenient to pour). It is more interesting to spill solution a spoon or a small jar that it was visible how many you pour, and then it was convenient to compare result. Flood the concentrated solution on capacities, add waters and look with the kid where water turned out more dark where is lighter. Place bottles in a disorder. Let the kid will try to place bottles from the lightest shade to the most dark. The child is younger, the it is less than objects for comparison (it is minimum - three).

Play every time with one paint, next time take other color. After a while try to mix two colors.

B of each of bottles - solution of a different saturation of one paint. You add to them identical amount of the second paint. Watch the turned-out color. Everything that you see, in detail discuss with the kid. Try to draw the tinted water on paper (having pasted an adhesive tape on a tile a piece of old wall-paper) or directly on tiles.

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It is dissolved or not dissolved

What else can be dissolved in water, except paints?

Let the kid pours in water (warm or cold) different liquids a spoon. Juice, milk, kefir, syrup, honey, jam or even several drops of sunflower oil. And if to pour different powders to water? Sugar, salt, flour, starch, instant or insoluble coffee. And if to throw firm objects into water? Piece of soap or sugar or something else. What happens to water? Whether its color changes? Transparency? Whether the fact that we throw in water at once, after stirring or after a while is dissolved?

we Acquaint the child with different temperature

It very important too. It can be made with the same bottles in which we poured color water. Pour cold water, slightly more warmly, warm, more hotly, hot. Let`s the child touch bottles. Call his feelings words, teach to compare - to place from the cold to the hottest. It is possible to try to immerse a finger in water or to pour out of a bottle on a hand and to compare.

it is necessary to

will teach the child to use cranes with hot and cold water Later. At first we open cold, then hot. On cranes usually there are red and blue circles. Red - it is dangerous, it is hot water. Blue is cold. But it is better to delay the moment of acquaintance of the child with opening of cranes. It is better to begin such acquaintance in two and a half years - three. And before, it is necessary to create such conditions when the child is not able to open cranes. For this purpose you buy a partition on which sit usually in a bathtub, and you put about cranes. Then the kid will not reach.

A when the child everything is will get acquainted with a possibility of opening of cranes, it is possible to acquaint him with a difference in a water pressure: strong, weak, more weakly. To acquaint with the principle of operation of the mixer. Slightly - slightly we will open hot, slightly - slightly we will open cold. Cold is more feasible, cold is weaker, hot is more feasible, hot is weaker. In two and a half - three years it is very interesting to the child. And about how it is useful for it and it is not necessary to say.

Ice - it too water

Can freeze together with the child ice in vessels of a different form, but only that the form was not very cunning, and that will be very heavy to be taken out... It will be glasses, molds for the test, circles, plates, molds for sand, any plastic capacities of the different size.

Can vmorozit something in ice. For example, to put some igrushechka small, a cube plastic to fill in, freeze. And then to observe how will thaw.

Leave to

one glass with ice cubes in the refrigerator, put another in the room, the third - on the shelf in a bathroom. Or put on a small piece of ice in a glass with hot, with warm and cold water. Observe - where will quicker thaw. And what if one glass with ice to wrap up a warm jacket (it - that will precisely warm it), and to leave another just on a table? It is possible to freeze the tinted water, then ice, having thawed, will paint water.

Think up new games with water. In the summer at the dacha in warm weather let`s the child play with water on the street in the inflatable pool or in a basin. You can bring a water bucket directly in a sandbox.