Rus Articles Journal

Tibetan mastiff. History of breed

Tibetan mastiff even today very rare dog. However, if to trust researches of authoritative experts, she is a progenitress of all modern dogs of molossky type. Its roots go to an extreme antiquity, and the first mention of it ascends by 1121 BC - in the Chinese book Shiu King.

For many millennia this dog changed a little: its domestication led to the fact that it became one of the most beloved breeds, and the primitive exterior and good natural health, ingenuity and ability to adapt to any, even to the most severe climatic conditions - remained invariable.

the hypothesis that she is a lineal descendant of a prasobaka, that pure ancient look “kanis familiaris“, appeared on the earth about 5 thousand years ago Exists. From this dog there were on the one hand mountain dogs to long wool, and to another - Mesopotamic molossa from which, in turn, happened mastino Napolitano, bordeaux mastiffs and all present mastiffs to short wool.

dogs from the Tibetan plateau were delivered by

To ancient Mesopotamia in immemorial most ancient times. They are ancestors of modern mastiffs! And them wedge-shaped writing approximately mentions

in the IV millennium BC

in the period of later assiro - the Babylon culture of a dog were applied to hunting for large animals and used as fighting dogs what the stone images which reached us confirm. Powerful mastiffs were indispensable companions of the king of kings Ashurbanipal in his hunting for lions who still were found 2500 years ago in those regions.

In the Assyrian culture the dog was held in huge respect! Ancient Assyrians and Babylonians considered beating of a dog as a disgusting crime; among them the opinion was claimed that to kill the person - a smaller sin, than to feed to a dog bad food. Because - ancient wise men declared - “there cannot be a house in itself, without ovcharny dog, without domestic dog“. And now peer into ancient Assyrian bas-reliefs - and you by all means will see a familiar powerful, majestic silhouette of a dog very similar to the Tibetan mastiff.

also other facts which - are difficult checked but suitable for our story Are. Sources tell about the whole army of fighting animals including the huge shaggy dogs wandering together with a horde of the Mongolian nomads.

Besides, they left a mark and in antique history: Mesopotamic molossa (perhaps, as Tibetan mastiffs, or their descendants!) in due time were presented to Alexander of Macedon by the Indian tsar. The truth it or not, but dogs from Tibet were brought to Europe repeatedly, usually during wars, attacks, or with trade caravans.

we Will be transferred by

to several centuries forward, namely in 1271 when to Tibet there arrived Marco Polo. He was one of the first Europeans who saw the Tibetan mastiff, and the mastiff made indelible impression on it. The traveler writes about a dog not only furious, but also huge, with growth from a donkey. Possibly, this exaggeration.

Subsequently when Europeans saw the Tibetan donkey, they found out that it seldom reaches even meter height, but comparison excited imaginations of cynologists and naturalists for a long time. Long time about the Tibetan dogs was told as about beings rather legendary, than real, and often even compared them to the yeti - the yeti whose existence is not proved, but there are eyewitnesses and traces of its presence in the most severe places of our planet, to reach where difficult and incredibly dangerously.

the European Following later Polo who saw the Tibetan mastiff. Also there was it nearly exactly five centuries later, in 1774.

Bokle`s

described the Tibetan mastiff as a dog with long wool, very big and furious. It and other certificates brought nothing new in history of breed, but it was necessary to be content with them up to the middle of the 19th century - until to Europe there did not arrive the first presents, live Tibetan mastiffs.

I still long time them was considered as wild animals, and the first dogs were sent to the London zoo. Some of them soon died, without having managed to adapt to the European climate, and survived placed in the open-air cage and hung up the plate:“ Not to approach“. Certainly, these dogs had a heavy character that was defined by their initial mission - they were used as security guards, watchmen and hunters.

On the homeland breed had no constant name. They were called To Kui (“to“ means a door, “forge“ - a dog, and one more translation of this name - “a big dog“), however on Tibet this name was given all sentry dogs without exception while hunting dogs received Sha Kui` name (“sha“ means “meat“).

the Name To Kui says

that the Tibetan mastiffs were first of all sentry dogs. Only Marco Polo claiming that these dogs were used when hunting for a lion and a huge wild buffalo adheres to one more point of view. Tigers - the animals unfamiliar to the Venetian traveler were these “lions“, and “buffalo s“ the traveler called yaks, terrible only at first sight, but actually harmless and manual. Therefore it is quite reasonable to assume that dogs accompanied herds of yaks not in order that to hunt them and to preserve them against predators.

the First dogs who arrived to Europe were already adult individuals. They did not know the new owners, and, perhaps, since the childhood were not accustomed to people. You should not be surprised to the fact that in times when did not know neither about mentality, nor about ethology of dogs, these animals recognized difficult in the address. When speak about the Tibetan mastiffs, it is important to remember that from the first, not too successful experiments, there passed already a lot of time. Today`s breed differs from the ancestors a little, and an image of a dog - huge, of the size of a donkey, and furious as the tiger, remained only accessory of legends.

But we will return to history of breed which in the XX century shared a sad fate of the country of the origin. Tibet at first was captured by British, and then China. Dalai Lama was forced to run, and in the country there came crisis which continues to this day. This crisis could not but concern also dogs.

As always, first of all, tried to get rid of those who more than growth: it became very difficult to support such huge dogs, and, eventually, in the homeland the Tibetan mastiff practically disappeared. Thank God, today the situation improved - those dogs that survived in turbulences of political cataclysms, laid the foundation to new surge in popularity of breed in China which grows at prompt rates. And the range of the prices of dogs very strongly fluctuates - from available to any person to fabulously expensive, comparable to the cost of the magnificent car.

For now around Tibet passions stormed, rescued breed in literal sense in Nepal - there the king took it under the protection. In 1966 the special protection program and cultivations of these dogs was adopted. Exactly thanks to Nepalese the Tibetan mastiff managed to win sympathies and in Western Europe. At the end 60 - x, when Tibet already was completely under the power of China, free Nepal became the place of pilgrimage of tourists, especially American. It were the climbers dreaming to get to the Himalayas, the hippies joining Buddhist philosophy, adventurers... And all of them were delighted at the sight of the huge, noble dogs frolicing in valleys.

But actually, the first copies were already brought to the States though they arrived there by mistake. In 1958 couple of Tibetan mastiffs were presented to the president Eisenhower, however wanted to present to him the Tibetan terriers - small, graceful domestic doggies. In the American Embassy there was a small confusion, and instead to the president there came two giants whom the become puzzled Eisenhower gave to senator Harry Darbi. Senator excellently looked after them, but was not going to be engaged in breed cultivation. Much later Anna Rouer who brought dogs from Nepal was engaged in this business - she became the foundress of the American Society of fans of the Tibetan mastiffs.

In Europe the Tibetan mastiff is parted in England, Holland, Germany, France, Italy and other countries. In France the first Tibetan mastiffs were bought by the famous actor Alain Delon who spoke of them with big enthusiasm.

Practically in all European countries and the USA breed becomes more and more popular. And it is valid, the Tibetan mastiff deserves a wide circulation - not so much even from - for the beauty how many from - for the character.

In our country the Tibetan mastiffs appeared not incidentally too. Gradually, despite any disorders and infinite crises in economy, the so-called middle class is formed: businessmen, heads, top managers - in a word, quite successful and wealthy people who are able to afford to live out of town, in own house. In this situation they need a dog - the friend, a dog - the security guard which is easily brought up, is well adapted to a family, is good-natured, but will not give to descent to any offender. The Tibetan mastiff - such option!

of Feature of breed

Long centuries of evolution, breed antiquity, and the fact that Tibet long time was the closed territory quality of breed remained almost invariable, and it is guarantee of good health of the Tibetan mastiffs. They are quite strong, and adult mastiffs practically are not ill.

Optimum conditions for such dogs - street contents on a personal plot. It is possible to contain in the city apartment of the Tibetan mastiff, of course, but it will be connected with a number of difficulties: the long walks satisfying need of the pet for the movement, more attentive relation to education will be required.

City noise, a set of sounds and smells, the walking passersby with children, the big noisy companies of teenagers, other dogs - all this should not be a stressogenny factor, the dog has to be completely adapted to such way of life. Besides, hair of a city dog will look not such dense and magnificent, as at the animal living in the fresh air.

One of remarkable advantages of the Tibetan mastiff is a total absence of a characteristic dog smell. Such breed can be recommended even to the people inclined to an allergy to wool or not transferring “aroma“ of a dog. Care of wool which is the main decoration of the Tibetan mastiff is very simple: necessary hygienic procedures will not take away from you a lot of time and forces. The molt at tibet occurs only once a year.

to

Good health, magnificent immunity and dense wool - all this perfectly suits to support the Tibetan mastiff in our severe northern climate. The dog living on a personal plot can quietly be on the street even in a thirty-degree frost!

Puppies of the Tibetan mastiff very lovely and touching, similar to teddy bears. As well as any puppies, they are very active, playful and restless, but with age this dog becomes quiet and balanced. It is very pleasant that dogs of this breed are passed by all “delights“ of awkward age: the young Tibetan mastiff does not look an ugly duckling, proportions of his body are not distorted by an intensive growing - it is similar to an adult dog, there is only less size.

the Tibetan mastiff needs education from the earliest age. A puppy it is necessary to adapt to the person and the outside world, but not to “overload“ it: they cannot give too serious loadings (somewhere to of 1 - 1,5 years). At the growing dogs quite fragile frame therefore representatives of large breeds which quickly grow and weigh much, needs to be protected from injuries.

the Tibetan mastiff - a dog territorial. It not only protects the owners, but also those square meters that are provided to it: site, kitchen garden, or even some part of the street. Being in the territory, tibeta choose the highest point which is chosen for supervision and execution of the guard service.

Character of the Tibetan mastiff

At tibet very interesting character: bright, expressive, unusually harmonious and friendly.

the Tibetan mastiff - a dog who was never noticed in “pustolaystvo“. Experts figuratively compare a voice of the Tibetan mastiff to blow of a copper gong: hard of hearing and deep-voices. In China special velvety “timbre“ of a voice of tibet was very much appreciated for what they were even specially given to drink the warmed-up milk!

the Tibetan mastiff seldom gives a vote, is never filled in with senseless bark to frighten any passerby, this dog can stand for herself and the relatives and without it. Besides, she is capable to make independently decisions - when the owner is not threatened by danger, and only the guest came, it will quietly depart away, but if the person tries to get into the house with bad intentions, will protect you.

So occurs because the Tibetan mastiff possesses unusually developed intuition and intelligence. Over eyes the Tibetan mastiffs have spots of color the thane (zolotisto - brown). The Tibetan wise men say that such dog never sleeps and as if looks at the world four eyes - “the second pair“ of eyes at her is constantly open. And it is valid, tibeta very sensitively protect the owners. If the trouble came, and the dog sleeps, this ideal guard will instantly wake up and will pass to actions.

the Tibetan mastiff will not bother you with importunity. He runs on a site, is lazy rolls on the sun or idles in a shadow, but on master`s caress responds with great pleasure: touches, strokings, kind words affect a dog umirotvoryayushche, and communication with you and your members of household give it the real joy.

Usually such dog knows

, but also other family members will get who in the house main, and unconditionally obeys him caress, respect and fidelity. Brave, devoted heart of the huge shaggy pet will be enough for all whom he loves. And as his pleasure when owners returned from a trip or from work will be big! If you want that houses you were met by the loving being - by all means get the Tibetan mastiff.

When in a family the child is, the Tibetan mastiff accurately realizes that before it the little silly little chap. All childish pranks, stickings and fuss will not cause in a dog of aggression. Many authors of publications and skilled manufacturers agree in opinion that it is necessary to think rather of rest of a dog, than on safety of the child - your little child can fray a dog, walk all over it, run behind it, climb to an animal with rough caress: and the Tibetan mastiff will need only to suffer philosophically...

If to your child guests came, the noisy, loud company was formed, explain to children that even the dog can take playful squabbles and fuss for a fight, and will try to interfere to restore order.

One more remarkable line of the Tibetan mastiff is his majestic steadiness, self-respect. However it is impossible to call such dog the phlegmatic person; in it there is both a sense of humour, and quick-wittedness, and playfulness, and curiosity, and mobility. All these traits of character are shown surprisingly in due time and in compliance with a situation: when the family alone with a dog, is a tender and gentle playful kitten (the truth, the huge size!), when in the house unfamiliar guests are a keen observer who does not get under feet, but controls a situation and when you are threatened by danger - before you the unsurpassed security guard.

But the most important is light of that devotion and fidelity which the Tibetan mastiff radiates literally each section of the body! Each person wants the most important in life: in - the first to love and, in - the second, to be favourite and necessary. Get to yourself such dog, and these desires will by all means be granted!