Rus Articles Journal

Children and garden. What to be engaged with children in the garden

Garden in - the magic place for children where they learn life of plants, meet garden inhabitants, put the first scientific experiences and join secrets of the nature. Game, research, picnic or the help in a garden are the first object lessons of biology and physics, development of touch feelings, intelligence and sense of beauty, and also education of respect for environment.

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Children are inquisitive and open for

for new information if she moves easily and fascinatingly. The fact that to us, adults, it seems self-evident is represented to the child real magic. Why in the spring from kidneys there are green leaves, and from a small bud the fine rose blossoms? How worms make compost from scraps of vegetables? Why in the fall leaves change color and fall down? Where hide from the sun of a snail? Why in the evening dew drops out? Why the cat loves a kotovnik and with disgust jumps aside from a koleus? All these secrets of life puzzle inquisitive mind of the child. Suggest him to find answers at least to part of these questions.

we Study plants

Look, listen, feel, smell, taste. Small children love bright flowers, interesting sounds, curious smells. Suggest to consider and sketch effective plants, to listen to singing of birds, hum of bees and a rustle of decorative cereals, to compare to the touch different leaves, to smell flowers and leaves of aromatic cultures, to taste edible plants. Do not forget to acquaint the child with names of these plants.

Grow up

. For the smallest will be suitable seeds of beans, peas, sunflower, pumpkin, corn and other fast-growing cultures. It is possible to put a top from carrot, beet or a parsnip and to observe how it grows. If to place a sunflower seed in a transparent plastic jar with drainage openings, development of root system of a plant will be well visible. It is possible to couch exotic fruit from a stone or an acorn, and then from the turned-out tree to create topiar or even a bonsai.

to Children is more senior than

suggest to grow up everything that is necessary for fresh summer salad, and decorate ready salad with flowers of a violet or nasturtium. Acquaint children with the program 5+ in day, suggest to count and note how many portions of fruit and vegetables they eat in day and how many from them - from the kitchen garden.

Diary of a plant. Get an album for supervision over a cycle of life of some interesting plant. It is possible to add sketches, photos and the dried-up parts of a plant to it. Print out interesting article from the Internet about the chosen plant and add it to the diary.

Become

the selector. Teach the child to collect seeds of different plants. At first it is possible to observe how seeds in a seed box ripen, then accurately to collect them, to dry, spread out on envelopes and to carefully sign the name, a grade and year of collecting. In passing tell the child about a plant life cycle, about a variety of grades, about collecting and storage of seeds.

Identify a plant on a leaf. Collect fallen leaves of different plants, dry them under a press and paste on separate pages of an album. Suggest the small child to sketch the most beautiful leaflets. To more senior children suggest to play the detective: to leave in a garden and to identify a plant on a single sheet. Help children to define names of plants, let the child will write down them in an album. Recommend to the child the interesting book about plants.

Make friends with garden fauna

Observe insects. Buy the special container for these purposes supplied with magnifying glass and tweezers (or adapt a glass jar for supervision). Find an interesting insect in a garden and place it in bank. Do not forget to leave openings for air above, and also to add fresh food for your ward. Observe an insect through a magnifying glass, let the child will sketch it in an album. Upon termination of supervision surely release an insect.

Prepare for

an entertainment, create a reservoir and a shelter for birds. When birds lodge in your garden, get the field-glass for supervision and the good reference book which will allow to identify birds.

Housing for garden inhabitants. Put old firewood in the secluded corner of a garden covered from the sun and wind. There hedgehogs or frogs can lodge. Cut off a bottom from 2 - liter a plastic bottle, curtail the long sheet of corrugated fibreboard into a tubule and insert into a bottle, having fixed by a wire. Other wire attach a bottle in a quiet secluded corner of a garden. It is future house for lacewings (flernitsa) and ladybugs. Leave a piece of old wood in a garden, bugs will soon lodge in it. Carefully watch living inhabitants of a garden, without intruding upon their leisure.

Building materials for birds. Hang out in a garden jute rags, scraps of a dry grass, scraps of an old yarn and sacks with cotton wool. Observe how all this will shortly disappear, having become building material for bird`s nests.

to himself the designer

Is painted with

garden pots. Allow the child to ornament pots for a patio or a verandah in bright colors. Suggest to find suitable color combinations to those plants which you plan to grow up in these pots. Together be engaged in change of plants and arrangement of pots.

Author`s gift paper and cards. the Most effective leaves (fern, oak, maple, rodzhersiya, magoniya, mountain ash, etc.) it is possible to use for production of manual gift paper and cards. Spread the newspaper and apply paint on one party of a leaf, accurately attach the sheet to packing or ornamental paper, press strong a clean sheet of paper that the clear print turned out. Or put a beautiful leaf on paper and spray around it paint from spray.

garden Frightened by

. Think up and create a scarecrow for scaring away of birds from fruit bushes or just for appearance. Beat two sticks a cross, and let the child will think up effective clothes for a scarecrow.

Creation of a flower bed. Allow the child to create a flower bed or a kitchen garden on the allocated ground. Let he will think over design, and then select it a certain budget and bring to the garden center behind seedling. In passing tell the child about the principles of creation of flower beds, about plants for a shadow and the sun, about color combinations. Help to find the necessary information in literature or the Internet.

Pass - a pond. Create a tiny pond in half of barrel, an old trough or a basin. Fill it with water plants and beautiful stones.

of Ornament from sukhotsvet. Collect and dry suitable plants. Make beautiful compositions of sukhotsvet for the house. Dry up aromatic plants and fill with them sacks (such sacks can be sewed and decorated with an embroidery), use the turned-out sachets for a case fragrance.

Spirit of researches...

in search of treasures. the good game for preschool children promoting development of intelligence, memory and small motility. Find something in a garden... square, round, octagonal, triangular, red, green, soft, brilliant, fragrant...

we Do to

compost. Explain to children the principles of formation of compost and allow them to watch process. Children are more senior can help with installations for dwelling of worms and production of a biohumus under supervision and the guide of adults.

of Supervision over weather. If you have a house meteorological station, interest the child in supervision over weather. Explain him communication between the atmospheric pressure and rainfall, and also process of formation of cumulonimbus clouds by means of experiment with water, a foil and ice.

When has dew? Pour water of room temperature in a glass glass and add to it ice. When the glass begins to mist over, take and write down water temperature in a glass. Get a spoon ice from a glass and run a finger over an external wall of a glass. Gradually add to a glass of warm water from a teapot and watch a trace on a glass. When the trace ceases to mist over and will remain absolutely transparent, again take and write down water temperature in a glass. Calculate an average from two sizes. When after warm day air in a garden is cooled up to this temperature, dew drops out.

Garden psychology

Joint occupations in a garden help to create proximity and trust between parents and children, and memories of them will remain in memory and will warm our children all life. However it is necessary to remember the important principles of communication which will help to make this time really happy and unforgettable.

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