Rest for our parents of
How to help our elderly parents to find to itself rest to liking? Strangely enough, this task is difficult. And to solve it it is correct, it is necessary to understand well that is actually wanted by elderly, what opportunities exist for realization of their desires.What
“the fall of life“
happens Three centuries ago the old age came in 40 years. What to say yes, in the middle of last century the age
In the Russian gerontology (science about aging) entered concept of functional age which reflects dynamics of physiological functions, is defined by the genetic component, a way of life postponed diseases and injuries, quantity of stresses, physical, mental and intellectual activity. Exists as well psychological age - group of the indicators characterizing age measurements of mentality, and also biological - an indicator of level of wear of structure and functions of an organism. And all of them almost never coincide...to
It is clear that other tool allowing to define more accurately opportunities and needs of the elderly person is necessary for practical application. Convenient classification was offered by the famous psychologist - the gerontologist Karol Roshchak. He formulated four strategy of adaptation to age changes which reflect both physiology, and the identity of the specific person.
“Constructive type“ . Characterizes the mature personality who is well integrated into society. They to extreme old age keep an opportunity to enjoy life, to maintain the close and deep relations with other people. Such people are patient, remain flexible psychologically, really and positively realize themselves, the achievements, opportunities and prospects.
“Protective type“ . Less constructive model of adaptation by advanced age. Such people are excessively emotionally reserved, straightforward in the acts and habits. Prefer self-sufficiency as hardly accept the help from other people. They avoid independent estimates, do not share the vital or family problems, are inclined to refuse the help. The defensive position is shown even in a family, at the same time they avoid open manifestation of discontent.
“It is aggressive - active type“ . People of this type are suspicious and quite aggressive. Also they are inclined to shift on surrounding own problems and to attribute them fault for the failures. They quite often inadequately estimate reality. Mistrust forces them to become isolated and avoid contacts with other people. People of this kind are often incapable to accept age changes, with bitterness think of impossibility to live still. It is followed by the hostile relation to youth, and is frequent - to the whole world.
“Type of passive aging“ . Unlike previous, aggression of this type is directed not outside, and to itself. Similar people are often very critical to own life. They are passive, happens, are depressed, infrequently show an initiative. They are, as a rule, pessimists, feeling as the hostage of circumstances. At the same time accept own aging and are not inclined to grumble.
That at elderly people what type they would not treat, interest in life remained, relatives have to motivate constantly positively them to activity preservation. Only this way it is possible really not only to prolong life to elderly people, but also to make it the most positive. Escaping from the ordinary environment, people of “the third age“ break the stereotypes imposed to them both by physiology, and an environment and literally find the second youth.to
Nevertheless, it is obvious that each of these psychological options needs the form of rest. And for selection of an optimal variant at first it is worth looking narrowly as the person close to you proves, and then to decide on the choice like rest.
Where to move?Today, as before, organized rest it is possible for
, though it is quite conditional, to divide into two big categories - active and passive. It is possible to refer route tourism and its variations to the first. To the second - sanatorno - the resort “relax“ which is often connected with beach rest.
As a rule, route tourism and its “brutal“ types - hunting and partly fishing which are connected with quite considerable physical efforts, are chosen by people not old. However the person who from the youth got used to such pastime and at the “third“ age tries to go hiking, choosing, however, more and more simple routes.to
It is interesting that to old age this contingent often begins to choose excursion and cruise rest: a habit to activity (including cogitative), the unique combination of individualism and ability to join collective do such pensioners by ideal clients of the travel agencies specializing on actively - the informative directions. At the same time the Russian pensioners cardinally differ from the foreign peers.
“Our elderly tourists, - Olga Kilimnik, the director of cruise tour operator “the Metropolis Cruise“ says, - are very active both physically, and is intellectual. Besides, it is people very educated and inquisitive, ready to new impressions. They easily join uneven-age collective, with mutual pleasure communicating with more young people. On the other hand, our “age“ tourists, as a rule, badly know foreign languages therefore prefer the companies of compatriots. There are certain features and in catering services for them - Russians, especially retirement age, hardly transfer unusual kitchen. Therefore we always develop programs of national “Russian“ rounds taking into account these realities“.by
For example, in national cruises provides much wider excursion program, it is obligatory to eat the Russian-speaking doctor (for elderly it very important), all personnel speak in Russian. As a rule, elderly tourists highly appreciate it very much.at the same time cannot tell
that rest of this kind is inaccessible for the majority.“ Today in Russia representatives of absolutely different social groups go to sea cruises, - Olga Kilimnik says. - It already not only successful businessmen. Successful and wealthy children send the parents to voyages more and more actively“.Telling
about sanatorno - resort rest, it is necessary to remember that it is focused, as a rule, on the people weakened physically. It is a lot of there and hypochondriacs, the serious problems with health which do not have, but very much to them anxious. Respectively, resorts are aimed at the increased comfort and almost hospital tenor of life. Rigid mode, medical procedures, dietary food and, as a rule, minimum of departures and excursions. At the same time duration of stay is higher, than in other types of rest - at the expense of medical programs. All these factors do resort tourism by very expensive pleasure. On the other hand, during rest the elderly person receives not only fixed medical supervision, but also “stocks up“ with health for long term.“ Effect of resort treatment, - the therapist, the endocrinologist Galina Komarova considers, - it is rather noticeable and considerable time - of half a year about one year depending on a state of health and a disease can last. Often after qualitatively carried out balneological and resort procedures permanent improvement, remission at chronic patients is observed. Therefore if to the person, especially elderly, such rest is recommended, it is necessary to give it preference“.to Everyone - the
Always should remember
that with retirement at the aging people the vital stereotype sharply qualitatively changes. At the same time owing to age features adaptability to change of a situation significantly decreases. For this reason gerontologists consider as the main problem of “the third age“ social adaptation. Understand as it, on the one hand, continuous process of active adaptation of the person to conditions of the social environment, and with another - result of this process. As well as in the majority of events such two results are possible: adaptation (optimum balance of the personality and Wednesday) and disadaptation (violation of habitual balance).
Active recreation, for example - travel, can fill life of the elderly person with new bright impressions, unusual situations and an environment and even falsities of the road. It, by the way, will be able to wake emotions even at the “protective“ type which became reserved - adventures surprise, shock, frighten, please, amuse - the word, force to live and feel fully again.
on the other hand, “it is aggressive - active“ the comfort and “a circle of supporters“ therefore not all types of active recreation will suit it is important.“ Constructive“ with pleasure perceives new impressions, but can overestimate the forces, for example in a long campaign. And the chance to leave “cocoon“ therefore change of impressions and uneven-age collective can become the real key to the second youth is important for “passive“.
on the other hand, the “constructive“ person, with high probability, will start missing in sanatorium - it needs both physical, and intellectual loading. “Passive“, perhaps, even more will retire into oneself. And here “it is aggressive - active“, on the contrary, I will be glad to an opportunity to receive sympathetic attention to the problems especially as an environment will coincide on age and views. For “protective“ type such rest will become an opportunity to weaken self-checking, having trusted in medical personnel.to
However, always need an individual approach.“ On long-term supervision, - Olga Kilimnik says, - cruises, especially national, “Russian“, are perfectly perceived by all types of elderly people. As a rule, by our ships about a quarter of passengers - aged people, and are usually presented, in this or that proportion, all psychotypes. Practice showed that in the course of communication they well find a common language among themselves and other passengers. Even it is aggressive - active pensioners receive the main thing for them - an appreciative audience and new subjects for conversations“.
At the choice of a type of rest should treat with all attention to a state of health of the elderly person. Before departure it is desirable to pass medical examination, also the prenatal record in which the attending physician will make an extract of the clinical record and will make necessary recommendations will become useful. It is important not only at sanatorium treatment, but also in other situations - at indispositions it will be simpler to physicians to deal with a situation and to appoint adequate therapy.Should considering
that departure where - or including on rest, is always a stress, especially for elderly people even if they are rather independent. Therefore the senior generation should be protected as much as possible from negative sides of collecting - payments of the permit, obtaining visas, acquisitions of tickets, delivery problems to the destination etc. Especially as today it is simple to organize it. It is necessary to understand that the more advantage of rest less troubles, the.
Expression “the movement is life“ sounds, maybe, and is banal, but it very precisely reflects reality. An opportunity to diversify life, to escape from habitual whirl, to break down stereotypes - powerful chance for the elderly person for many years to keep both physical, and intellectual activity. And correctly chosen rest can become the real key to “eternal youth“.