Rus Articles Journal

We study music, playing

Game - the main way of training and education of preschool children. It not exaggeration. Game - the planet on which the child lives. Especially child of preschool age. It is air which he breathes. Its way of knowledge of the world. Hobby. We would even tell, vital need. Besides. Game - the main way of training and education of the preschool child. To anything: to sport, painting, music. Even to rules of conduct.

Psychologists noticed that it is the best of all to present traffic regulations to kids in the form of game action, under the conditional name “Militiamen Are Pedestrians“ (by analogy with “Daughters are mothers“) where children play roles of the militiaman, pedestrian, the traffic light etc. And where participants receive penal points for violations of the rules. Such game was more effective than any most eloquent instructive monologue about dangers of transition to red light or games on the carriageway.

Everything told fully belongs also to musical education. The main conclusion to which authors came for many years of work with preschool children: practically any tasks arising in the course of musical education of preschool children (including in a family), it is possible and it is necessary to solve by means of game.

About what, actually, tasks there is a speech


It is enumerable not as importance, and it is quite any.

, of course, also others, but these main tasks Are. Which, on our belief, can solve not only teachers, but also fathers and mothers. Including those which do not play on any musical instrument and do not even know notes.

However, to both that and another not late to learn at any age. So...

In a hide-and-seek with a sound

the Child you does not see

of Game for children from 6 months to 1,5 years. You ring a melodious hand bell, quietly strike in a rattle, a tambourine, other percussion instrument or sing. The kid turns if he lies in a bed, looks for you a look, creeps or goes on a sound and rejoices that obraruzhit you and a source of a sound... Game not only helps to fix svzyaz between a sound and its source, but also accustoms that the sound is a pleasure.

Where music?

you Cover a sound source with matter, you turn on the music (well if music classical sounds, light on character) and you ask the kid: “Where music?“ The baby approaches or creeps up, breaks matter (at this moment music should be switched off) and rejoices that the sense of the events is clear to it. Game connects to hearing of music and therefore it is especially useful. Many children, considering the game and motive moment, especially, if music was pleasant to them, are ready to play this game again and again.

Game can be complicated, having transferred a source a sound to other room. But do not forget that music should not sound too loudly.

From 1,5 to 3 years


the tool sounded?

Before the child two tools. Let`s assume, a tambourine and a drum. Ask the kid to turn away and knock on one of tools. If the kid guesses on what tool you knocked, then gets your approval and an applause.

Gradually the number of tools (it is about children`s musical instruments) both melodious, and percussions it is possible to increase.

Game develops a hearing subtlety, learns to learn various timbres.

change roles From time to time: the child asks - you answer.


the same as I

you do to

Under a dance music the simplest movements and ask the baby precisely them to repeat. And quite often and it is not necessary to ask. The kid repeats the movements on own initiative. Small children in general like to imitate. The game moment amplifies if you declare in advance who dances. For example, Baba-yaga, Gena`s crocodile, other fairy tale character or animal.

the Child becomes more senior than

, and the circle of the dancing characters more and more extends.

To 3 - 4 to years the child is already capable “to order“ to you the dancing image of this or that fantastic hero or character from the animated film.

Especially hazardous character is got by game if participates in it two or more children. Then you (or children) estimate who danced better and who becomes “customer“.

Game helps development of coordination of movements under music, develops the imagination, imagination of the kid.

Learn a song

you play, sing or whistle the known song to the child. He has to guess what is a song. In case of correctly answer - approval and an applause. Games in which the winner scores points or points will begin a bit later.

At this age game still remains to

From three to five years the main means of musical education. Moreover. Expansion of mental, intellectual, physical capacities of the child considerably increases a range of tasks which thanks to games can be solved.

C of three - four years, we repeat, game joins rivalry, game passion. Draw on a dense sheet of paper five or seven circles in a row. Separately for you and for the child. If participants more than two, then and the quantity of rows increases. On the first circles put counters of different color. For the majority of our games of these simple preparations enough. We begin to play.

we Listen to silence

At children emotionality is increased, and all of them do loudly: do not speak, and shout if rejoice, then squeal from delight if are upset - sob violently. It is normal. They differently cannot. They cannot be abused for it. But sometimes suggest them to sit down, stop, stand and to listen... silence. Which they do not hear. Are not able to hear.

It can be made

also at home, but it is better where - nibud outdoors. In the field, in the wood, in park, about the river. Or just on the street or in the yard.

So, game conditions.

- is more silent than

, - you say. - Even more quietly. Absolutely quietly. Let`s play - who will better hear silence and will call more sounds. We speak in turn.

- Here the car passed. Here the birdie sang. Beep of the train. Someone`s conversation. Trees rustled with branches.

the Child listens attentively to silence, to surrounding sounds. Begins to understand what among these sounds is both such beautiful and fascinating as singing of birds, murmur of the forest, the rivers or the seas.

By the way, silence, a pause - quite musical category. To sustain precisely a pause (even a moment and it will break) - big art. Both in music, and in life...

For each called sound source the counter moves ahead. The one who called bigger quantity of such sources wins.

the Story - game

Liouba (for example, about musical instruments) can be constructed of stories in the form of game. For this purpose before game put on a table already prepared by us circles with counters and tell the kid:

- Now I will tell you the tale of the Drum and the Violin. It is game. After the story I will ask several questions. If you attentively listen, then easily you will answer them. In case of the correct answer the counter is moved by you. Wrong - I. The one who will promote on bigger quantity of circles will win. After such prevention the child listens to the story with a particular interest and attention. Game is sacred.

It is natural that the story has to be short and, whenever possible, entertaining. Here, for example, thought up by us...

the Tale of the Drum and the Violin

In one kingdom there lived the Drum. In this musical kingdom there lived the most different musical instruments: violins, piano, accordions. But the Drum was one of the most known and favourite. Because all understood its language. Because it awoke all city with the ringing and accurate song in the mornings:

the sun Got up early in the morning,
Is heard a voice of the Drum, Tr`s
- that is that is that is that is that is that is that,
Open gate.

the City woke up, and all spoke:“ As it is good that at us in the city there lives Baraban. Otherwise we could be late for work“.

When Baraban grew up, the king of this kingdom - the Grand piano hired it. Sentry. Now Baraban not only all awoke in the mornings, but also protected the royal palace. And during parade soldiers marched under its music.

In the same kingdom the king had a daughter - the Violin. As soon as Baraban saw the Violin then fell in love with it. When the Violin passed in the carriage by gate which it protected, Baraban welcomed it the knock.

the Princess Baraban it was pleasant to p too. Once she approached it and sang on the highest of the four strings - “mi“.

To, re, mi, fa, salt, la,
Tomorrow a ball at the king.
Come, mi, fa, salt, la.
I will Wait for you there.


were put on by a new leather uniform and came to a ball. When dances began, the Violin played cheerful music on all the four strings, and it accompanied Baraban. Then other tools played, and they danced together a waltz and even more each other were pleasant. Suggested the Violin to become Baraban his wife. She agreed.

At a wedding the king Royal on pleasures played “Wedding march“ of Mendelssohn. It was very cheerful wedding.

It is quite good if after final words of the fairy tale you turn on this popular music of Mendelssohn.

A now questions to the child. For example, such:

Certainly, questions can be others. As, however, and the fairy tale which you, perhaps, compose better us.

Is reminded that answered a question correctly, advances a counter.

- to games the child not only learns

Thanks to similar tales of musical instruments, composers, musicians more, but also will develop such important quality - ability to concentrate.


how we at comprehensive school at singing lessons without special success learned from year to year notes. The child can learn notes in 3 - 4 years, that is called, effortlessly.

we Learn


Draw on a leaf to paper five lineechek and clearly color felt-tip pen write three notes: to, re, mi. On the first additional ruler - to. Under the first ruler - re. On the first - mi. Put a leaf in a visible place. Explain to the kid as notes are called. Also it is possible, having prepared the same circles with counters, to start game.

you ask the kid what is a note, showing serially on to, re and mi. Conditions of game do not change: in case of the correct answer the counter is moved by the child. In case of wrong - you.

is Gradually increased kolichestvot notes to one octave.

Is played from music

we Show to the daughter or the son on a children`s musical instrument, it is better keyboard, or on a usual piano where notes of the first octave are played. Game conditions become complicated a little. You ask the child to play this or that note. And again - you move counters, creating a game situation.

So during one - two weeks you teach to play the child from music.

the Following stage of the same game - execution on notes of songs. Write largely and distinctly notes of a song simple, known to the child within the first octave and suggest to play it. Or put before it already printed notes which are on sale in each musical shop, having stuck the name of a song in case the child is already able to read. Explain game conditions: play and define what song is written here.

What to do in case of the correct or wrong answer of the child, you already know.

At many children game of familiar songs becomes hobby soon.

Guess a key

Ask the child to turn away and press one of 3 - x keys: to, re, mi. A task of the kid to press these keys and to find that which you offered him. It is important also that the child told what is a note. Game helps development of perfect ear. That is hearing when the kid (not only musical) hears any sound in notes at once. Gradually the quantity of the pressed notes can be increased, including not only white, but also black keys.

we Will add

that perfect ear helps with training in playing musical instruments. Especially on string.

Who the first will start singing

is a game for two and more participants. You play or sing a melody of the famous song. Which of children or the adults who are taking part in game will start singing the first?

Learn the song

Other option of game. Taken by us from popular TV program of the beginning 90 - x. The child has to recognize the song by the first seven notes. Or six. Or five.

In case two or it is more players, the first offers: “I learn the song from seven notes“. The second: “And I from six“. The third:“ I from five“. The one who agreed to guess from the smallest quantity of the first notes guesses.

the Counter is moved forward or guessed the song, or, in case of the wrong answer, by other participant.

Game develops ear for music. Helps to remember a song melody better.

Tap a rhythm

you knock on a tambourine or clap a rhythm of the famous song. Ask the child to guess the song. Now you change roles. The child knocks, and you guess.

the Message to the African tribe

you hit the drum a certain rhythm - the message to the neighboring African tribe. You tell the child contents of the message. And it is better if it you think up the message. For example, “on the street good weather“, “at me is soon birthday“ etc. The kid has to repeat a rhythm precisely. In this game change of roles is also possible: the child knocks the message - you repeat.

of Such game is developed not only rhythmic abilities, but also the imagination of the child.

Music and the movement

are games for two and more children.

Who imitates


Who imitates

better, representing a ball game under cheerful music, in snowballs, figure skating, etc.

to Think up the movements

Who will think up movements under various dances more: a gipsy dance, the Pole, the Russian folk dance, fast modern dance etc.

fairy tale characters


to Show how various fairy tale characters would dance under cheerful music (A baba-yaga, the Wood goblin, Zmey Gorynych). Or heroes of animated films.

the Dancing game “Vorobyshek“

If at you is a family holiday, children came on a visit, then in this game they will play with special pleasure.

All get up in a circle. In the center of a circle of “vorobyshka“.

Participants dvinatsya by

around and sing on any motive:


, show, vorobyshka,
As maidens go.

Vorobyshek shows

, and all repeat his movements.


, show, vorobyshka
As good fellows go.

Vorobyshek shows


During game to driving can suggest to represent gait not only animals, heroes of mulfilm etc., but also fathers, mothers, grandmothers, other relatives and acquaintances.

the Musical games connected with the movement not only bring to children and adults pleasure and good mood, but also improve coordination, develop the imagination, imagination. Choose the best among dancing can both the adult, and other children.

of Game with a doll (from 2 to 7 years)

the Doll - not only the loyal friend of the child - the preschool child, but also the indispensable participant of all games. It it becomes easy the pupil, the teacher, the assistant. The listener to whom the child can sing a pesnka, to play something, simply to tell about the sorrows and I am gladst.

to Sing a high or low note

Sometimes for this purpose the doll becomes the real assistant. At the kid it is impossible to sing high notes? Take a doll - a mouse and ask the kid to sing also tonenko as sings - this small animal peeps. Also there will be a miracle - the child will unexpectedly start singing by a thin voice. The doll - a bear will help to sing a low note.

we Learn


games with dolls will be able to help With this difficult business too. Prepolozhim, you learn with five-year-old Olya lyrics about the Cheburashka and feel that it is boring for the daughter. She cannot concentrate, is disseminated looks around.

- Give

, Olenyok, we will play, - you offer. - You will be a teacher, and dolls - pupils. Study lyrics with dolls.

of an Eye of the girl lit up. Game is quite another matter. Olya transplants dolls on a sofa and repeats for them words after you. Then checks how dolls of the word were learned, pronouncing words by their voices. At first by a doll voice - mice. Then Cheburashka. Then Barbie. The song is learned easily and quickly.

Game with dolls can help

also when training in playing this or that musical instrument.

Olya is a teacher

Olya Already familiar to us learns to play a piano or a violin. Thanks to a doll, the girl can be not only the schoolgirl, but also that it sometimes has more to liking, the teacher. Here chain accurate and quite natural: you or the music teacher teach Olya, and she to the same is a doll.“ Hundred times I already repeated to you, - the girl your slovcha and in your intonations, - says to a Barbie doll that it is necessary to sit exactly and not to stoop when you igrt on a piano“!

the Role of the teacher will help Olya to seize knowledge of playing a musical instrument. Long ago it is known that best of all you learn what you teach others to.

Game situations

the Bow goes exactly

Such situations should be created whenever possible to a thicket when training in playing musical instruments. The first steps of training connected with repetition of one and those exercises, game of scales, etudes, the production moments without connection of games or game situations quite often causes boredom in little musicians. This is the most important and most dangerous enemy of any training!

we Will give an example. You already again explain to the little violinist that for extraction of a good sound the bow has to go directly. The little pupil absentminded stared in a window, thinks of something another and looks forward when it is possible to go on the street to play with friends. But here you explain in a different way:

- Let`s play

, Andryush, - you say. - You are a driver, and a bow - the train. Passengers go by the train. You have to conduct the train exactly. If you conduct aside, the train will derail, and there will be a crash. Passengers will die.

I you notice change at once. Andrey tries to conduct a bow exactly. It is interesting to it. It is already game.

Similar situations the Japanese teacher Shinichi of Suzuki who achieved exclusive progress in training 3 - 4 skillfully created summer children to playing a violin.

Playing a piano legato (coherently) to you should explain


to the kid that the previous finger can only be raised then from a key when following is already put. Try to tell the little pupil approximately so:

- Five fingers - five athletes. They run and give each other a stick - relay. If you released a key ahead of time, it means that the stick fell, and it is necessary to begin to run at first.

Game, game and once again game will help you to turn the most boring exercises into fascinating business. One more example.

of the Tribune are applauded

the little musician repeats the difficult place. It is impossible in any way. We create a game situation.

- the international competitions Go, - you say. - Stands are crowded. A problem of competing - to play as soon as possible the difficult place without mistakes. The leader declares on all stadium:“ Alyosha, a team of Russia acts. First attempt“. I am a judge, I will consider mistakes. Begin.

you will see

how at once Alyosha will change. He is a participant of competitions and represents the interests of Russia. It is supported by stands. Several “attempts“, and the difficult place are played without mistakes.

Game helps to achieve the main thing. In what a success secret when training in playing a musical instrument (as, however, and in any other business)? In concentration of attention.

So, game is not only main, but also only a certain way of training and education of the little person.

I still. It is the best of all if games for your child - yours, but not in general the child - you think out. Because here all very individually. Those games which with pleasure one children will play can not be pleasant to others. For example, if to speak about the last game situation - “stands applaud“, then children who have a similar game situation, despite all its artificiality meet, will cause excessive nervousness and tension. In this case the same competition it is necessary to give more chamber character. For example, competitions take place not at stadium, and in the usual room, and participate in competitions of a doll.

In other words, the games offered by us are not so much ready decisions, how many the direction in which it is necessary to move.