The puncher of
Is not present anything more terribly than a toothache and... dentist. Mothers frighten by it little sweet teeth, and children get into the stomatologist`s chair with tears in the eyes. Caries - really very unpleasant illness, but today it is possible to cure it easily without tears and pain And - you will not believe - even without opposite drilling!
“Caries“ in translation from Latin are meant by rotting of tissues of tooth - this process is initiated by the microorganisms living at us in a mouth. The matter is that except language, teeth and gums the huge number of microbes lives in a mouth - some of them are useful to our organism, and some are very harmful. These tiny beings eat the raid which is formed on teeth after each meal. Actually during a meal they also begin to emit the acids which are gradually destroying our teeth, forming in them cavities which should be sealed up then.
Initial stage, or spot stage. On tooth there are white or dark marks which are not causing pain.
Superficial stage. Under a spot the first destructions begin to be formed. There is still no pain.
Average caries. In this case process takes already not only enamel, but also direct “filler“ of tooth - a dentine. The dentine contains the nervous terminations therefore when its integrity is broken, tooth can begin to react on sweet, cold more hotly. As a rule, average caries proceeds asymptomatically, and nobody, except the doctor, will be able to find it, alas.
Deep caries. This stage means that the illness took the most part of tooth. Pain becomes expressed, and even serious analgetics do not help to get rid of it sometimes. In this case complaints are similar to complaints at average caries. At such defeats of fabrics in a pulp (nerve) of tooth there are irreversible changes and in most cases it should be deleted.
of Feature of caries at children
Milk teeth of kids are insufficiently sated with mineral elements therefore they collapse quicker and easier, than radical. Due to the anatomic features of children`s teeth carious process proceeds very quickly. Noticed at the child on tooth a harmless speck - run to the doctor, you will not manage to look back as on this place the real hole is formed. Children often have so-called “bottle caries“ extending around tooth and taking all its surfaces. Quite often at such situation occurs otly tooth at the level of carious defeats or the pulpitis develops. The kid can not always precisely formulate that he hurts him in a mouth therefore once a week independently makes to parents sense to examine a mouth, and time in half a year it is obligatory to take away the child to the stomatologist.the Whole apple is more useful than
Should treat?Milk teeth are cut through by
at the most tender age, and to
At initial stages of an illness doctors carry out by
silvering or a remoterapiya. teeth cover
When silvering with special solution which stops carious process. The main lack of this method - change of color of enamel to darkly - gray or black therefore it suits only for milk teeth.
- it is the strongest fabric in our organism. Under it there is softer substance - a dentine, making the main thickness of tooth. The dentine comprises the nervous terminations therefore carious process and brings us feeling of discomfort. And at last, the third, most hided tooth layer - a pulp, sosudisto a nervous bunch which we call “nerve“. If caries reaches a pulp, there is an excruciating pain, and then the most radical methods of treatment are already used.
- drawing on the struck fabrics of the solutions and varnishes returning mineral elements in solid tissues of tooth. At the same time color of enamel does not change and there is no visible trace left from similar treatment. At more serious stages of caries not to do without anesthesia, “drillings“ and seals. The anesthetizing prick - necessary procedure at the majority of stomatologic interventions, and especially in children`s practice. It is necessary to be afraid not of “freezing“, and the fact that the child, having felt on reception at the doctor severe pain, can forever be frightened of “the doctor with a drill“ and begin to hide from parents of a problem with teeth.the Method and a preparation for anesthesia the doctor selects
individually depending on the general health of the kid, existence at it of an allergy, degree of caries and a set of other factors. And that the child did not feel discomfort at a prick, the doctor has to process a gum the special anesthetizing gel in advance.
of Materials for statement of seals a huge number what is necessary - in each case is solved by the doctor. The choice depends on age of the patient, his ability and readiness to sit quietly in a chair with an open mouth and structures of jaws. The matter is that some structures for full hardening need a lot of time and absolutely dry oral cavity - that is a relative immovability of the patient. It is clear, that from children it is almost impossible to achieve it therefore to them fill a tooth from the special cement containing fluorine more often (this substance provides additional prevention of caries under a seal). And here fashionable - the hardening seals it is not recommended to apply light until fangs completely are not created and therefore they not really suit preschool children.
Unfortunately, strongly destroyed forward cutters it is almost impossible to seal up (the seal will not keep) therefore in similar situations doctors use silvering, a remoterapiya, and sometimes even put on milk teeth of a crown.
Training of the child for the first visit of the stomatologist
- Be honest. Tell as as the doctor will do: will look at teeth, will count them, will wash water and will dry air.
- you do not pronounce words “painfully“ and “terribly“. Let the child do not expect unpleasant feelings - they can not be at all. by
- Carefully choose the doctor! The doctor and the child have to find a common language is an indispensable condition of good treatment.
How to prevent enamel damage?
- Food should not byl too hot or cold. Even ice cream to children is better “to warm up“ a little.
- Opening of bottles and splitting of nuts teeth inevitably injures enamel. Saw something similar? Abuse!
- From time to time (once a week) let`s the kid rinse a mouth plantain broth - this grass perfectly strengthens teeth and gums.
- If to the child were prescribed by the preparations containing iron (it strongly destroys enamel), - choose drugs in capsules. If the kid prefers syrup - let will drink it through a tubule, and then properly will rinse a mouth warm water.
Prevention of caries
knows to All of us that it is much simpler to prevent an illness, than then to treat her. The following simple rules will allow you to keep teeth of the children healthy.
Careful hygiene. Teeth need to be brushed twice a day: in the morning after a breakfast and in the evening before going to bed.
to Use a brush and paste it is necessary to begin with that moment as the first tooth was cut through. For convenience of mother there are special silicone brushes which are putting on a finger: several movements - and enamel is purified of a harmful raid. Preschool children suit toothbrushes with a soft bristle (the head size about 2 cm) and toothpastes without the content of abrasive substances (as a rule, gel).
you Watch that the diet of the child contained enough firm food. So, for example, the whole apple is more useful rubbed - it, in - the first, clears teeth of a raid, and in - the second, masses gums.
Regularly visit the stomatologist - at least two times a year if there are no problems with teeth, and times in three months if they exist. Remember that all processes at the child proceed many times quicker, than at the adult, and yesterday`s caries can become gumboil already tomorrow.