Children very much like to draw secrets of children`s figure
. They represent everything that is felt on paper and notice around. All problems and questions of children which are not asked yet are reflected in drawings. The child draws as he sees both color, and a form of objects, and their relations, and it also allows us, the adult to learn a useful lesson. Having learned “to read“ drawings of the child, we will be able to understand where and when made a mistake in his education and whether it is possible to correct it.
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Psychologists claim that drawing for the child - not art, and his speech: he “speaks“ about things, situations with the help of pictures while his speech - both oral and written - is still poor and imperfect. And this role of drawing remains years to ten, there will be no number of other means of expression yet, and own drawings will not seem to the child ridiculous and clumsy. But from five to ten years is “Golden Age“ of children`s drawing, preparation for which begins since two years.“ Real“ drawing appears years in four. At this time already each drawing can be considered from the point of view of development by the child of the major graphic factors: spaces, lines, colors.
Usually drawing occupies all space of paper. Frequent to plans of the child it becomes close on a leaf, and they go beyond its limits on a table, a wall, a floor. Only over time - years in five - the child will learn to adhere to limits of the sheet. If it did not occur, it is useful to address drawing by means of a method of division of space into squares. Train the child in copying of drawings. The most important in such exercise - to pay its attention to the crossed lines both on a sample for copying, and on a clean sheet of paper: these are those “support“ which have to help to hold the image in the defined, specified place of a leaf. >
It is considered p that till four years the child can draw as he to it will like: human figures and objects can be increased or reduced, finished drawing or not finished drawing, located in any place on a sheet of paper - the attention of the little draftsman is still very scattered and jumps from one subject on another. Therefore there is a set of unfinished drawings or such where one scribble “fits“ others. Be not upset: to draw - means to the child to speak: at once and about everything.
But here to the child is four years old, and his drawings can already be used as a peculiar personal diary. You remember, the object, most important for the kid, as a rule, settles down in the center of drawing, all the rest rotates around it, and it can be anything.Sometimes parents complain to
about such imperfection of children`s drawings: on them what, on our adult understanding, cannot just be is presented. A typical example - effect of “transparency“: the child represents what cannot be visible on the image (an example - the house with objects inside). In it there is nothing “abnormal“, on the contrary, be glad to what your kid knows and as the house and what things are behind its walls, impenetrable for a look, is arranged.Drawing
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Most often in drawing the child uses the line. It appears already in “maraniye“ of the two-year-old artist, becoming more perfect basis of the real drawing over time.
Drawing - difficult work for the kid: it is necessary to learn to move a pencil in the necessary direction still disobedient fingers under control of eyes, too not until the end of acquired importance of the role - to control the movements of a hand. And it besides purely “art“ tasks:“ to draw a cat to Vask who has a fluffy tail, sharp claws and which runs as quickly as the rocket, - you will not catch up for anything“.
Drawing - very serious work: developing a hand, we develop a brain. Glance in any textbook on psychology and be convinced in their indestructible nervously - mental communication. Therefore help the kid to accustom with pencils and felt-tip pens. There are many good books and coloring books in which, drawing various lines, the child studies psychomotor coordination.
If to your child already was four years old, pay attention to what lines make its drawings. Extent of pressing, ability to draw a line under a different corner can speak also about development of manual skills, and about emotional health. The uneven faltering, going-down lines will be prompted to attentive parents that something disturbs the child or causes uncertainty in itself.“ Prickly, aggressive“ lines can appear in response to your excessively rigid “management“ etc. You remember: features of drawings of your child is an occasion to think of the strategy of education, but not incentive to the direction “do not dare to draw such line!“ . It is impossible to influence result - already ready drawing is the peculiar screen reflecting thoughts and experiences of your child.
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the Relation to color - object of numerous researches of psychologists. We will be limited to some remarks necessary for understanding that the child feels and thinks, drawing. Consider that the person has an innate eye for color. One prefer shades red, others - blue. The large role is played also by living conditions of the child (the rural areas or the city), and belonging to a certain culture. Psychologists established what bears every color in itself a certain symbol: fear, grief, anger, love. However, not everything is unambiguous - in different cultures the same color has different value: in China, for example, color of mourning and grief - white, and lilac color in many countries is a symbol of love and happiness.
In the beginning the child uses a small set of pencils or paints are primary colors: red, blue, green. And every color, each shade - opening which bewitches new color seems to the most beautiful, the most attractive. One three-year-old boy who opened for himself orange color on a question: “What eyes at your little sister?“ with conviction answered “orange“.
Gradually the choice of color when drawing will be more and more conscious, submitting to tasks of the art image. You should not wait, however, when coloring spontaneously develops at the child, it can be helped with it: as soon as possible give sets of multi-colored pencils, felt-tip pens, paying its attention to shades. Encourage desire of the child to experiment with color. Let to it know a difference between red and green apple, between the tender and rough sea etc., but do it unostentatiously, not in a directive way and have patience if the richness of a color palette appears not at once. If the child draws a blue cat, perhaps, he has just a good time, but does not combine the color chosen by it with the drawn object as compatibility of color with object so far does not interest him at all. If the child paints a human figure red, it can mean - depending on circumstances - as aggression, fear, and good mood, a holiday. There are no strictly determined consistent patterns here - to you your knowledge of the child can replace them.Ask the child to tell
with what feelings colors of its own drawings are associated (or illustrations in books and magazines). When it paints drawing, take an interest what began to smell at this subject, hot it or cold, rough or smooth what it can be compared to? Or, on the contrary, ask the child to draw something brilliant, cold, transparent. Let the child will try to transmit all these characteristics of a subject through the drawing, using the corresponding color, lines, an arrangement on a leaf.... Note for yourself constant combinations of color and feeling of your child - here you and received peculiar benefit for specification of experiences of the kid. Only consider, language of color is very changeable.
during occupations with the child do not show excessive persistence, training in that, “as it is necessary“. Explain so that the child asked more. It is necessary to regret sometimes that some psychological secrets are partially known to modern mothers and fathers - something was told by acquaintances, something was read, and as a result: “Why you draw such hands and teeth? The psychologist told that it is bad!“.Or the case when the teacher, peculiar understanding the professional tasks is known to
, forbade the pupil to use black paint in water colors, and the boy, having drawn a violet line, signed under it: “Black!“we Will begin
From the theory to practice with
with the most important in drawings of children. A human figure - one of favourite objects of children`s creativity. Approximately in 70 cases from 100 it will be the focus of attention of the little draftsman.“ Modern tenor of life is guilty“ of it: yet not completely and not in everything, fortunately, the person was replaced by cars, for the present the child since the birth is surrounded by the loving mother, the father, grandmothers etc. Already with the first smile turned to you, the kid not only the being adored by all house, his smile - the first successfully passed examination on readiness for communication.
Now in many respects depends on you that interest in people at it did not weaken. It is very important for socialization of the child and just because really the person is happy only when loves and we love when he is understood and he understands, sympathizes with people. And it is some kind of talent and it is necessary to develop it as soon as possible. In its development can tell you drawings where the image of various cars will push aside about trouble or completely will eclipse portraits of family members who, at best, will act as insignificant appendages to them.If you collect
and store drawings of the kid, you can notice how the image of the person changes with age: from the circle or an oval representing the head with the hands and legs attached to it (such figures 3 - 4 - summer children received the name of “golovonog“) to allocation and the correct prorisovyvaniye of separate parts of a body - hands, legs and details of clothes. As a rule, by six years the child, having already quite seized skills of the image of a human figure in quite difficult spatial foreshortenings, passes to difficult drawings, with the most saturated various background: by cars, animals, things, transferring a profession or occupation of the character with their help.by
improves not only equipment of the image of a figure of the person With age. Even more often the child, unconsciously or quite understanding, expresses the attitude towards him. The little artist fixedly peers at people and at himself.
A what food for imagination are given self-portraits, postegivy forecasts of parents concerning future professional hobbies of the child or lines of his character. It is extremely interesting to monitor evolution of self-portraits of the child: as gradually its tastes and addictions change with age that the main thing is allocated by it in itself(himself) during this or that period of life.should mentioning
I the first love of the senior preschool children very expert in this age in questions of likes and dislikes here. Six-year-old children can use the richest palette of graphic means for expression of the special relation. Girls, as a rule, draw unusual dresses and bouquets of flowers, and boys, cannot resist a temptation to embellish an image technical attributes.
Sometimes children draw people absolutely identical. It can be connected with some delay of emotional development, but is explained by similarity of social roles of the represented people more often. So, for example, younger school students quite often represent identical children of the class: all of them are pupils and it in them the most important for this moment.tells
About the special attitude of the child towards the represented people, besides color, and attention to such details as jewelry, bows, thingies, frills, buttons, pockets, medals etc. It is more such details of clothes, jewelry on the image of darling, than at unloved.
of Much useful information about the relations in a family can be gathered from children`s drawings. The abundance of the mothers who are making a lunch, setting the table or cleaning the apartment and the fathers reading on a sofa, repairing the car tells about modern society and cast in it not less, than pictures of “adult“ artists. Having appeared as “inveterate realists“, children do not stop being visionaries. They very much like tasks in which it is necessary to represent itself and the relatives in the form of any animals. Having offered the child such task, be wise and tolerant even if it represented you in shape of an animal, it is perfect to you not nice. One mother took offense and did not begin to find out why the little son represented her in the form of a snake. And it would be worth asking him: can be, he wanted to emphasize with the drawing wisdom of mother or her grace. And if explanations of the kid do not please you with flatter comparisons, think of the reasons of it: can be, somewhere you made a mistake, were too, in his opinion, are rigid and unfair. Try to understand, become a little more tolerant, softer, and then you do not receive drawing of the family in which center not someone from the family and, for example, the enormous sizes a parrot or a dog because they, but not you take the central place in the child`s life.
As is frequent we, without reflecting, we speak:“ I turn as a squirrel “, “ was tired as a dog “, “ I work as the bee“. Whether emergence of such drawings is surprising after that: the slogger - mother in the form of a horse with the broom, pritorochenny to a saddle, rushes about on the house, the father the bee departs somewhere away, the younger brother in a look croaking crows, flies near mother, and the author of drawing in image of the stinging cobra creeps up to it after the portion of attention.
Sometimes in drawings of children someone from relatives or he is absent, and the child explains it thus “mother walks with the little sister“ or “I - at the grandmother“. So the senior little sisters or brothers react to emergence in a family of younger. It is a disturbing signal for parents: the child feels deprived, isolated from the remarkable event which came true in a family - appearance of “newcomer“ in it. Include the senior in the cares of the kid more safely, let he to be convinced that your love was not shared, and amplified.to
At first sight, can seem that the analysis of children`s drawings - not such a complex challenge. However it would be desirable to warn parents against tough formulations and statement of the psychological diagnosis. Behind the seeming simplicity and grace of a method there is a set of nuances, interrelations of separate manifestations and features. Besides, the person analyzing drawing considers it through a prism of the personal experience and a condition of time at present. Therefore you should not do far-reaching conclusions independently. And if something in drawing of the child guarded or puzzled parents, it is better not to postpone visit to the expert. Let will help to understand!