Rus Articles Journal

Books everyones are necessary?

On the eve of vacation at the majority of schools distribute to pupils very extensive lists of references which each of them has to overcome by the beginning of academic year. Nothing surprising - even on studying of “War and peace“ the curriculum releases four lessons, for forty five minutes on each volume.

So for most of parents obtaining the list is a signal to the next feat. It is necessary to force the child to read quicker and quicker until he left from - under control (went to the country, to camp etc.) or did not grow lazy in vacation luxury. However you should not forget that the majority of the books not of an easy genre offered by the school program. It we, adults, undertake the book when there is a wish to have a rest. But we read most often not Dostoyevsky or Tolstoy at all, and something “easy“, “entertaining“.

Children after long and difficult academic year are not ready by

for serious intellectual and emotional loading at all. And many school “children`s“ books are the whole stress sometimes turning children`s soul “inside out“. Remember how you sobbed once at execution of the Gadfly, faded with horror, reading Gogol “Viy“, gritted the teeth from rage, enduring humiliations and the hero`s beating of “The prince and the beggar“.


I, experts - literary critics do not consider a certain emotional harm from some books such unimportant or far-fetched at all. Yes, they admit, not all works from the school program, authors and genres are suitable for children, especially after a long educational stress and a spring depression. And the author of any book - people non-standard, nonideal, with the unique outlook on life, things, events. Therefore the psychology of the author, almost irrespective of a plot, ideology and a genre is accurately reflected in work.

So, psychological research yields quite unexpected results. For example, psychologists allocates several types of the texts capable partly even to do harm to impressionable mentality of the child. According to psychologists, in “Gulliver“ of Swift “, Alisakh“ Carroll is shown the difficult, evil world, there are naturalistic images, shizoidnost elements. In too optimistic texts - such as, for example, “Winnie-the-Pooh“ of Milne - the world, on the contrary, too intensively “pink“, abnormally overestimated cheerfulness after which “dose“ sometimes it is difficult for child to adapt in real children`s collective.

experts refer “Dead souls“ of Gogol “, Stikhotvoreniya v proze“ Turgenev To gloomy, depressive texts “, the Crumb Tsakhes“ and Hoffman`s “Nutcracker“ “, the cloudlet gold“ Pristavkina spent the night: they can oppress, unpleasantly influence mentality of the teenager gloom of the final, separate episodes or author`s attitude.

Demonstrative texts psychologists call

works like “Prince and“ Twain`s “beggar, the Thunder-storm“ Ostrovsky, Dickens`s novels. Very “fictional“, abnormally developing situations. As if glitches (sorry, dreams) some sick imagination. Modern leaving from reality - fashionable now fantasy style in all art forms - usually is pleasant to those teenagers who are not capable to fit into reality. Feeding such aspiration with additional “suitable“ reading matter, it is possible “to achieve“ heavy mental shifts.

Texts on the principle “friends are enemies“, such as “Gadfly“ Voynich “, Dva kapitana“ of Kaverin “, Kak zakalyalas stal“ Ostrovsky, according to biblioved, carry an obsession element: they are too ideologized and already sputtered out.

And still many of these books are included by

in the obligatory list. Exit one: leave the most burdensome of them for the end of summer. Not only the psychology of the author, but also a psychological state of the reader gives impression of the book. These or those books are capable to do serious harm to the mentality “prepared“ for their influence, having own prerequisites to painful perception of their psychological implication. But the same books can cause absolutely other emotions in children, quite the holidaymakers who matured and carefree. In such favorable aura the little romantic will not see anything improbable in “The prince and the Beggar“, the fan of separate details will not count life of Winnie-the-Pooh such cloudless at all, and the little lover of soap operas will estimate the beautiful love line in “Nutcracker“, without having noticed a gloomy background.

Skilfully picked up book can solve also many psychological problems of the child. For example, books about feats and adventures (R. - L. Stephenson, Zh. Vern) will install courage and interest in life at timid and narrow teenagers. And novels of the last, by the way, will help to see their real very fascinating application with “boring“ sciences of chemistry, physics. Books about sufferings and strength of mind will be able to support the child whose sincere forces were exhausted in fight against vital disorders (for example, problems with peers, pain of the first love, divorce of parents etc.)

Should not be neglected also “lightweight“ literature. The lyrical “ladies` reading matter“ develops normal sensual feminity at girls. And entertaining and comic stories help to reconcile to temporary low-mobility to sick children.


It is clear that about any universal councils out of the question. It is simple to eat books the most optimum for reading at children`s age: very light, simple and cheerful fairy tales of Rodari, “Adventures of the baron Myunkhgauzen“ of Raspe and, strangely enough, Hemingway`s work, at all their complexity. Besides, we, of course, cannot impose to the child the genres not interesting to it, or to deprive of his favourite genres only because they are useful or harmful to it. It is possible to pick up optimum works in any spirit. If the teenager persistently is interested in detectives - let read classical, but not baby`s dummies - a something ephemeral. Some aggression of style of a fantasy is smoothed by Strugatsky` works, Krapivin, Tolkien, Uelazny.