Rus Articles Journal

History of a patchwork

the Main traditions of this art arose among the American immigrants. In the seventies a patchwork and a stitch endured the Renaissance in the USA. At first it was fashionable to copy traditional patterns, forms and colors of quilts. Now the specialized shops offer a set of the most various materials, books and magazines on this equipment. Besides and stitches are devoted to a subject of a patchwork exhibitions, circles are created and specialized “shops“ open.

In Europe this art turned into a popular hobby too. Patterns are improved, change or formed anew. Presently thanks to the huge choice of materials, paints, forms and new technologies in this art form it is possible to realize the creative imaginations without effort. If earlier scrappy quilts were a simplicity sign if not poverty of an interior, then now the patchwork and a kilt turned into a peculiar art form. Especially beautiful works - impressing on a variety and originality of materials, forms, structures and color combinations - can be hung up on walls as pictures or carpets.

History of a patchwork goes back to very remote times. So in the museum Damask steel in Cairo is exposed the ornament sample dated 980 - m year B.C. and executed from pieces of leather of a gazelle of one tonality. In the Tokyo museum of suits the clothes of the period of Mayom Edo (15b9 - 1867) decorated with patterns from pieces of various fabric are presented. The IV-IX centuries AD the pilgrims making ascension to the temple (the cave thousands Budd which was on the ancient silk way) left to B pieces of the clothes there. Attendants of the temple did the carpet reminding of pilgrimage of many people of these numerous left pieces. This carpet was found only in 1920 - m to year the archeologist sir Artur Stein.

Extraordinary beautiful decorative cover is stored by

in the Petsamsky monastery (XIX century), executed in soft tones of the East and mysterious Byzantium. In May 1540 - go years Katerina Howard, one of Henry VIII`s wives of English received 23 kilts from royal clothes as a sign of goodwill of the king before a wedding.

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In the London museum of blankets store the magnificent products executed by wives of the first settlers in America.

Very hardy in the east, the patchwork came to Europe probably after crusades when knights brought from Palestine trophy flags, banners, carpets executed in this equipment and extraordinary beautiful.

But in Europe this equipment extended very slowly and well justifies the etymology “made of pieces of fabric and... work“.

When in the 18th century emigrants from England, Holland and Germany began to arrive to North America, they fell on arrival into very distress. Money was not enough even for purchase of new clothes or fabric for it. It is worth remembering that in those remote times travel from the Old World in New took a lot of time!

But women found a way out. Good pieces from old clothes developed in bags, and later, having gathered, from them sewed clothes, blankets, covers, rugs etc. Similar work united the people who are torn off from a native shelter, from the roots. And the arisen enthusiasm, inspiration, allowed to create original masterpieces. Wives of the English puritans who arrived to coast of America brought with themselves not only love to a cosiness and skill of an embroidery known in England in the 13th century, but also ability to save.

Here, in America, “kilt“ was born

. Originally this word designated the blanket executed from rags and quilted with the warmed laying. Then the word “kilt“ began to call all products executed in this equipment.

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With a kilt connected various traditions. So, for example, the dowry of the girl is obligatory had to include 12 products executed in the kilt equipment. The thirteenth product began to be done at the time of engagement, and finished before a wedding.

Natives of Holland preferred to

a free vegetable flower pattern. (Oh, these magnificent tulips!) . Each county in the State of North Carolina has unlike other ornaments.

I you will not confuse the English pattern from hexagons with anything and special, English, technology of their connection in a uniform pattern. The people emish, as well as menionita, preferred natural and simple style. Their kilts represent vigorous geometrical drawings of intensive tones and are covered with a dense grid of a kilting.

Gradually the patchwork becomes expression of the American folk art, various rules, models, types and ways appear. Traditions of a patchwork not only did not sink Into oblivion, but in many respects thanks to missionaries got into Asia, Canada, Australia, India, to Haiti, to Hawaii. However. And everywhere it began to gain especially national lines.

That is why can tell

about a patchwork Hawaiian, Canadian, Australian, Italian, Indian, it is southern - American etc. The special equipment, rules and ways of performance is peculiar to each of them.

the Depression 30 - x in the USA did not promote years occupation by creativity of a patchwork - a kilting. There was no fabric and during World War II, but food were on sale in bags from cotton fabrics. Bags unstitched and received big pieces of fabric. From one such food bag it was possible to sew a children`s dress, and from two - already a dress for the adult.

After war art of a patchwork began to fade. The new wave of interest in equipment of a patchwork - a kilting is connected also with technological raising of the last three decades and cultural development. With 1970 - go years the patchwork became popular in Britain and Europe.

the Patchwork demands creative approach and taste. Its production takes a lot of time. Probably, for this reason it is the best antidote from those troubles which for us were prepared by the outside world. But we will not begin to forget that this creativity before turning into leisure, was the best way of economy - use of the most various pieces of fabric for creation of products.

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Needs a great patience to learn this creativity, it is necessary to master many techniques. No bright and various drawing will hide a bad stitch and inaccurate work. Only with experience skill comes, harmony of drawing is reached. Only having learned techniques, you will find original freedom“ creative self-expression.