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Freedom of speech of

In the first year of life stages of formation of the speech at children differ very little: at first gukanye, then melodious babble and, at last, first words. Here - that there are also features which sometimes nonplus parents. Each kid has the style: one is ready to stir days without a break, another is keen on production of own words, and the third in two years says just as the adult though his elder brother at this age was silent as fish. Development of the speech of the kid is influenced by a set of the reasons: psychological, social, hereditary. And still the key role in this difficult and fascinating process is played by a parental example.

One-and-a-half-year-old Kolya expresses only with separate syllables or words deformed to unrecognizability. He, for example, speaks “lilik“ instead of “rabbit“ and “lo“ instead of “spoon“. Whether it is necessary to correct it?

Many one-and-a-half-year-old children do not worry neither about grammar, nor about intonation, nor especially about creation of the finished phrases at all. This method called by the psycholinguist Benedict de Boisson - Bardi “strategy of minimalism“, is very convenient for the child: changing a vowel or doubling a syllable, the kid improves repertoire, and using pseudo-words in this or that context (for example, “Waca“ instead of “dog“ on the street, “to ityit“ instead of “to drink“ in kitchen), it does the babble a harm - poorly clear for seniors.

Benedicte de Boisson`s

- Bardi considers that at such children the analytical thinking is developed, many of them approach production of words is systematized and it is rational. For example, Lena willingly thinks out names for the favourite animals (“at“ instead of “duck“, “groin“ instead of “turtle“), and at the same time in her lexicon there are practically no verbs and adjectives - they are not necessary to it yet.

the Practicing logopedist Marina Agapova adds that through a stage of an onomatopoeia there pass all children. But if one “slip“ through it surprisingly quickly, then for others such way of word formation remains to darlings for long months. However, there is no reason for concern. “At this stage the main thing - quantity, and it is possible to be engaged in quality then“, - the logopedist says. Show to the child of the book with big pictures, considering which he will be able to increase the lexicon. And, of course, present it a sample of the “adult“ speech “. Chick“, - disappointedly speaks little Olya.“ Yes, there is no ball here, - mother picks up it, - the ball was left, we will go to look for it“. Thus, she does not force the daughter to repeat the word completely, but nevertheless offers it the correct option. After a while the baby herself will begin to pronounce multisyllables, and then will learn to build phrases from two - three words.

my two-year-old Sveta talks

without a stop, but in it “a consciousness stream“ it is impossible to sort the uniform word. Whether it is normal at its age?

Children at first master a melodics and intonational coloring of language, and then already separate words. And if the child very much wants to speak, and his organs of speech are still insufficiently developed, it is necessary parents hardly: monologues long, full of an expression, almost do not give in to interpretation. Told it is only possible to guess contents: for example, Marina says “irog“ in the middle of the long phrase, and, most likely, she means pie which they together with mother baked this morning. However, sometimes as translators elder brothers and sisters - to them, unlike adults successfully act, “bird`s language“ is much simpler to sort this.

By the way, according to the American scientists, most immoderately of sociable kids really has elder brothers and sisters - probably, in their noisy environment the need for communication is felt especially sharply. However, the only child in a family can appear the talker also.“ Noisy, lively children have too many feelings. The child very much hurries to share impressions with seniors and therefore speaks illegibly“, - Marina Agapova explains.

Expressional style slows down development of a lexicon (especially nouns), however it is very good in the social plan: the kid feels as the full-fledged participant of “adult“ talk even if seniors do not understand him. Besides, talking without a stop, the child develops muscles of organs of articulation.

In most cases the problem does not demand intervention of experts: copying seniors, the kid will gradually learn to speak distinctly. However precautionary measures nevertheless will not prevent.“ It is worth showing such child to the neuropathologist, the illegible speech is included into a complex of symptoms of a hyperactivity“, - Marina Agapova warns.


the Role model

  1. Acquaintance to the speech has to take place

    in pleasant both for the child, and for the senior generation to a dialogue form. Children, whose opinion is indifferent immoderately for strict parents, hardly seize communication art.
  2. After you asked the child a question, do not hurry him with the answer: so he will understand rather that conversation assumes considering of turns of speech.
  3. you do not understand what is murmured by your kid? Try “to get“ an essence from a context or offer the child alternative. If, standing at the shelf with toys, he tells “onok“, ask: “You need a bear cub or a kitten?“
  4. Give to the child the chance to prove. The question “What Did You Do Today?“ will allow it to give the developed answer, unlike the question “You Were at the Grandmother Today?“ assuming laconic “yes“.
  5. do not turn on too loudly the TV and radio: background noise forces the child to speak louder quicker, and some kids in such situation prefer to be silent at all.
  6. do not force the child to communicate with strangers - many kids need time to accustom with the person, new to them.
  7. Offer the uneasy child more convenient to take breath and settle down. It will be easier for little story-teller to cope with emotions and to make the narration clear for people around.
  8. logopedists recommend to
  9. for the aid to children with elements of a delay of speech development the occupations developing small motility (a molding, origami).
  10. Children acquire words, new to them, much better if at once understand practical purpose of the related things or phenomena. Communicating with the child, discuss the world surrounding you, pronounce the actions and remind him names of already familiar objects. The more often the word repeats, the it is easier to remember it!
  11. Before offering the kid the new book, thumb through it. Be convinced that the child is able to understand read: one-year-old the baby will hardly estimate fascinating “Buratino`s Adventures“ though through three - four years will be delighted with this history.

Sasha tells

, “lyb“ instead of “fish“, lisps, burrs. How to help it to correct diction?

Some shortcomings of an articulation are connected by

with physiological development of organs of hearing and speeches.“ At first the child says lip concordants therefore his very first words: mother, father, woman. The sounds demanding participation of language appear later, and steam rooms with - sh, z - h - shch sound for it equally for a long time“, - Marina Agapova tells.

of to Address the logopedist never late. However some defects of the speech (for example, confusion in sounds) can prevent the child to seize successfully the diploma therefore it is desirable to get rid of them to school.

the French logopedist Nicole Denis - Krishel warns that the wrong articulation is not a reason for the jokes wounding self-esteem of the kid.“ Repeat the word correctly, having used it in a simple sentence, but do not insist on an ideal pronunciation. At the age of 12 - 36 months the priority has to be given to pleasure from acquaintance to new words“, - she advises.

Should not worry if the child does not keep within average norm: children get control of a tip of language and lips at different age, and over time many shortcomings of an articulation will disappear by itself. However if the kid continues to burr and lisp after 4,5 years, he will need the help of the logopedist.

to my Volodya one and a half years. He already well understands the speech turned to it, but itself is still silent. Why does that happen?

Unlike Volodiny mother many parents perceive silence of the child as due: almost in each family there is a legend of the uncle (the grandfather, the second cousin) who too “was silent till three years, and then suddenly started talking“. However, the logopedist Marina Agapova considers, you should not rely on these consolatory legends.“ Between two and three years children actively increases the lexical stock, and usually even most persistent “taciturn persons“ begin to speak in 2,5 years - otherwise the doctor has all reasons to make the diagnosis a speech arrest of development“, - she says.


What to do with a pacifier?
“Huge harm is done by baby`s dummies and bottles: from - for them the child mispronounces sounds which formation demands participation of language. Besides at the kid the tooth alignment is deformed, and in the future he should deal with ortodontny. Therefore it is desirable to leave nipples about one year“, - Marina Agapova advises.
However, many neuropathologists nevertheless do not recommend to take away a pacifier violently not to injure children`s mentality. It turns out that parents whose children do not wish to refuse an addiction should choose from two evils. It is better to get in this difficult case support of experts: the pediatrician, the neuropathologist and the logopedist who will help you to make the optimal solution.

to of
of the Help of the logopedist is necessary to nearly 80% of modern children. The matter is that parents get used to minor defects of the speech of the kid and unlike experts cease to notice them.

First of all to parents should be convinced by that the child has no problems with hearing. And then to pass to development of the speech in a form available to it - at this stage with the best tactics there can be an onomatopoeia. Benedict de Boisson - Bardi gives little Henri`s example, the living and inventive boy who very much early started walking and adores any stories. Together with mother he considers the book with pictures and willingly imitates voices of animals:
- the Doggie speaks “gav - gav“.
- “Gav - gav“, - Henri repeats.
- the Birdie tells “a chik - chirik“.
- “Chick - chirik“, - the boy agrees.
- And it is the car, - mother tries to catch the kid.

silently smiles to Henri`s


“Such children want to be masters of the situation. The kid did not ripen for “adult“ words yet and therefore avoids them. Have patience - one fine day your child will understand that he can speak“.

In three years Andrey still passes sounds or interchanges the position of them. He speaks “fikontyur“ instead of “confiture“, “yr“ instead of “cheese“, “catfish“, “scrap“ and “house“ confuses. What to do to us?

“Here a problem in violation of phonetic perception of the speech. And the otitises postponed in the early childhood can be the cause of the weakened hearing. The matter is that irregular shapes of otitises proceed without serious consequences and therefore it is very difficult to reveal them“, - the logopedist Nichole Denikrishel explains.

the Kid hears the end of the word, but it is difficult to it to identify initial sounds (similar difficulties are experienced by the passenger of the airliner gaining height). From here and confusion - from the point of view of Andrey, the words “catfish“, “scrap“ and “house“ sound equally. The logopedist will help to cope with this problem to the child.


Initial preparation
“To school the child has to be able to make stories according to pictures and to do independent statements on the set subject. But many 5 - 6 - summer children cannot organize the speech and correct this shortcoming much more difficult, than deliver to the child this or that sound“, - Marina Agapova warns.
Parents not only have to communicate much with the kid (it needless to say) - it is necessary to be engaged in development of his speech purposefully. Will help to teach the kid to retelling to you also the so-called reflected retelling. Mother begins: “Once upon a time there were grandfather and...“ “... the woman“, - continues history the kid.
In four years to the kid already on forces almost literally to reproduce the short fairy tale - especially if the book is supplied with big colourful illustrations. And board logopedic games (for example, “Tell the fairy tale“) complicate this task: before starting retelling, small has to restore sequence of events, having spread out pictures in the correct order.