Rus Articles Journal

The modern adapted dairy mixes

Children`s dairy mixes for artificial feeding which are put on the market always conform to requirements of state standard specification and are approved by Institute of food. It belongs to mixes of both old, and new generation. On the other hand, the quality standards change, production technologies therefore modern mixes on the structure correspond to physiological needs of the baby better are improved, consider features of digestion and a metabolism.

Most often mixes for artificial feeding are made by

on the basis of cow`s or goat milk which considerably differ from breast milk. Modern technologies in baby food allow to bring closer a formula of dairy mixes to composition of women`s milk on the majority of components: proteinaceous, carbohydrate, fatty, vitamin, mineral. Protein in the modern adapted mixes approaches that in breast milk (0,8 - 1,2 / 100 ml) and makes of 1,2 - 1,6 / 100 ml mixes, and its structure is brought closer to composition of women`s milk. It allows to avoid negative influence of excess of protein on a digestive tract and kidneys of the kid. In mixes of old generation of squirrels made more than 1,8 g / 100 ml.

the Important stage of adaptation of dairy mixes to women`s milk is optimization of mineral structure and enrichment by vitamins. Mixes of old generation contained mineral substances (sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus) in the volume exceeding requirement of a children`s organism. Mix of new generation, optimum on composition of mineral substances, reduces load of kidneys, defines the correct development kostno - muscular system.

by

In most adapted mixes added nucleotides. It substances, are material for creation of RNA and DNA of cages, they accelerate growth and development of bodies and systems of an organism, promote growth of normal intestinal microflora, and also maturing of immune system of kids.

to

For healthy development to kids needs many polynonsaturated fatty acids which play an important role in formation of a brain, retina of an eye and functioning of cages. They are best of all acquired if naturally contain in that milk on the basis of which dairy mix was created. If milk was artificially enriched by them - assimilation goes worse. Some European producers of baby food consider that it is better to do dairy mixes on the basis of environmentally friendly milk. It has several important advantages: such milk possesses the structure balanced by nature and contains to 3 - 4 times more polynonsaturated fatty acids. The secret of environmentally friendly milk is simple: cows who spend 220 days in a year on environmentally friendly pastures give it, eat a grass and hay, drink clear water and breathe clean air. Such milk is made only on the farms certified for production of environmentally friendly production under strict control. To define whether dairy mix is environmentally friendly, the BIO badge on packing guaranteeing to mothers and kids ecological purity of a product will help.

for the purpose of improvement of a carbohydrate component add lactose (dairy sugar) since its concentration in cow`s milk is much lower, than in female to dairy mix. Lactose is necessary for improvement of processes of digestion, development in a digestive tract lakto - and bifidobacteria, digestion of mineral substances (magnesium, calcium) and so forth. Partial replacement of lactose with a dextrinmaltose (mix various mono - di - and polysaccharides, received as a result of starch splitting) which is also well acquired by an organism is admissible and exerts positive impact on intestinal microflora. Other carbohydrates - glucose, fructose, sucrose - are undesirable as components of substitutes of breast milk to children of the first half of the year of life (though can be present at composition of some mixes) as they strengthen processes of fermentation and gas generation in intestines, can cause development of an allergy, accustom kids to more sweet products, thereby, breaking insulin hormone regulation. Also addition in dairy mix for children of the first half of the year of life actually of starch as the carbohydrate component promoting the best saturability is not recommended. Activity of amylase - the enzyme splitting starch reaches considerable level only after three - four months of life. Early introduction of the mixes containing starch to a food allowance of the child will lead to the undesirable phenomena from outside zheludochno - an intestinal path (the speeded-up chair, the increased gas generation and gripes).

Substitutes of women`s milk can be dry (demand cultivation before the use) and liquid (are ready to the use), in turn, both dry and liquid mixes can be fresh and sour-milk. In first 2 - 3 weeks of life to the child it is preferable to nobr to appoint fresh mix, and in the subsequent it is possible to combine fresh and acidified milk formulas in an equal proportion. The correct combination of fresh and acidified milk formulas in a diet of the child can prevent functional violations zheludochno - an intestinal path.

At the choice of dairy mix surely consult with the pediatrician. Considering age of the child, specific features of his organism, degree of adaptedness of mix, the expert will define in what quantity and as often it is necessary to give mix to the kid.

Milk in principle has to be balanced and have optimum structure for each age stage of development of the kid. Whole milk supplies the kid with calcium, phosphorus, vitamins A and B2, protein and a number of other useful substances. But from - for abundances of protein and mineral substances till 1 year it is difficult for kids to acquire it, besides it often causes an allergy.

In the first half of the year of life to the child are usually prescribed by highly adapted dairy mixes. These are mixes of so-called first extent of adaptation. Exist as well partially adapted mixes. In them there is no whey, is not completely balanced fatly - acid structure, and as a carbohydrate component sucrose and starch are used on an equal basis with lactose.

Other group is the casein mixes possessing smaller extent of adaptation. They are also made of cow`s milk, but the main protein in them - casein. Mixes on a casein basis are most often intended for the babies inclined to vomiting.

From the second half of the year of life to kids are appointed by so-called subsequent mixes which on the nutritious structure, higher content of protein, vitamins, mineral salts and minerals meet the increased requirements of an organism of the child.

For healthy children with small functional violations of a gastrointestinal tract special mixes with thickeners are issued. As thickeners in them starch or gum of a carob tree is used. Such mixes improve digestion process, help to reduce vomiting and to get rid of locks.

Special group of baby food - specialized mixes of medical appointment. There are diseases at which the good nutrition of the kid is impossible without use of mixes with medicinal properties. Medical mixes are intended for premature children or with deficiency of weight, for kids - allergic persons, for the babies suffering from plentiful vomiting, belly-aches, constantly unstable chair etc. The quantity of separate components in such mixes either is increased, or reduced. Treat them, for example, high-protein or mixes, mixes with high content fats, with the changed fatty structure.

Practical advice to mothers.
to avoid lumps at preparation of dairy mix is necessary that the boiled water cooled down. Powder mixes up with water better and easier if water temperature makes about 50 ° C or a little less. If to connect mix to too hot or cold water, it will turn into bound together weight. 40 ° C - 50 ° C - it is the optimum water temperature at which mix turns out without lumps, you can hold a small bottle in hand and it pleasantly warm.