Air attack of
the Allergy to the blossoming plants occurs at every fifth city child. It is shown by an inflammation of mucous membranes of a nose and an eye. The main symptoms - cold, a headache, frequent sneezing, a photophobia, lachrymation, conjunctivitis.
Pollinoz or “hay fever“ is a chronic allergic disease which can have an effect on kindergarten age. Its reason - pollen of herbs, trees, bushes, and also disputes of some mushrooms. It is known that the birch opens “season“ of pollinoz as its ear rings throw out a huge amount of flying allergens in air. In hard cases, except the symptoms described above, there can be dry cough and serious trouble breathing. So if in time not to treat an allergy, it can provoke pollen bronchial asthma.
the Grass at the house
the Illness develops at the children living in megalopolises more often. The school students living out of town practically do not suffer from it. In a midland of Russia allocate three main periods of blossoming:
- spring - April - May. Raise dust trees (a birch, an alder, an oak, a hazel grove);
- summer - June - July. In air pollen of cereals flies (a meadow grass, a wheat grass, a fescue, a herd grass and others);
- late summer, or the leena - autumn. The wormwood, an orach, an ambrosia blossom, and also some mushrooms allocate disputes.
we Look for the guilty person
As symptoms of a pollinoz are similar to signs usual a SARS, this disease often remains not recognized. And the child for weeks uselessly is treated for cold.
However, attentive parents and without diagnostic testings can independently assume that the school student has hay fever.with
In - the first, “seasonality“ of displays of an illness has to guard (at the same time every year).
In - the second, cold or cough usually develop not when on the street it is cold, damp, and in dry and hot weather.
B - the third, symptoms are more noticeable in the morning when concentration of pollen in air is especially high.to dispel the arisen suspicions or, on the contrary, to confirm to
them, the child needs to be shown to the allergist - to the immunologist No before it will not prevent to collect the family anamnesis, having asked the immediate family whether they have any allergic diseases.
Knows that the intolerance of pollen of plants is transferred genetically. If both parents suffer pollinozy, they “will award“ with an illness of the offspring in 70% of cases and if only one of them is sick, then for the child risk to become the allergic person decreases to 30%.
can Reveal the allergen which is making the life miserable by special skin tests. Droplets of different allergens are applied on inside of a forearm, and scratches become. Then the school student should sit some time, without moving (for this reason research does not suit kids). In 20 minutes the doctor estimates reaction. Where skin went blisters - there and there is a “harmful“ allergen. Research is recommended to be conducted in safe to the oseena - the winter period not earlier than through
Run to the sea
several methods of treatment of a pollinoz Exist. One of them - physical elimination prichinno - significant allergens. It is possible to protect the child from pollen influence, having considerably changed a climatic zone. For this purpose during blossoming of a dangerous plant it is better to take away it to mountains or to the sea. The North Caucasus, the Crimea, and also the Mediterranean islands - Cyprus, Rhodes and others will approach. Unfortunately, this way is possible not for all.
More real, but less pleasant - let the young allergic person spends more time at home. In the apartment it is necessary to tighten windows a grid (and periodically to change it), to densely close curtains. It is also necessary to get the conditioner or the air cleaner, to daily carry out damp cleaning.
During a blossoming season for the little patient under a ban country walks, especially if behind a window hot windy weather.
Bravely can leave the house after a rain or in cloudy days when pollen is beaten to the earth. If it is necessary to go outside in a sunny day, then it is necessary to use protective equipment: dark glasses, a headdress, clothes with long sleeves.
After return home needs to wash out eyes and a nose water, to take a shower, to replace outerwear.
Should be considered also what pollinoz is, as a rule, combined with food allergy. Therefore during blossoming of trees it is not recommended to eat some vegetables, for example, carrots, and also the fruit and berries containing stones, juice and jam from them. If the school student has an allergy to cereals, then to all season of dusting it is necessary to refuse not only porridge, but also just a piece of white or rye bread. You should not drink also kvass, Pepsi, to a forfeit.Cross allergic reactions concern
not only foodstuff, but also vegetable preparations. Therefore before giving to the coughing child - the allergic person, for example, broth mother - and - the stepmother or a harmless camomile, is better to consult with the allergologist. Otherwise such amateur performance can end with a heavy exacerbation of an illness.
we Switch off an allergy
Other way of treatment of a pollinoz - drug intake which or help to fight against unpleasant symptoms, or prevent their emergence. In the period of an exacerbation of an illness these pharmaceuticals - the unique way to help the child.
However “the gold standard“ of treatment of allergic diseases is the allergenspetsifichesky immunotherapy prichinno - significant allergens (ASIT). Its efficiency reaches 85%. This way of treatment suits children 6 years are more senior.
Unlike other methods, he helps to fight not against symptoms, and with the illness mechanism. By means of ASIT the immune system of the child becomes tolerant (steady) against earlier intolerable allergens. Such treatment allows not to allow transition of easy forms of a disease to heavy. It also reduces (and often at all eliminates) need for drugs.
the Method which essence is explained by a proverb “Like cures like“ consists in introduction to an organism of the child of allergens, gradually increasing doses significant for it. Carry out ASIT in the winter and in the fall during remission.