Why to the child music? Part 1
So, at your
That if from your child the musician does not turn out, and he in the future will choose other profession? Whether means it that forces, time and money (training in music demands both that, and another, and the third) are spent in vain? And in general - whether the child needs music if he does not become a musician?Training in music is closely connected by
with moral education. A. V. Lunacharsky, the first people`s commissar of education of the first socialist state who committed many follies, but also made a lot of good told wise words:“ The educated person is a person in whom the image human dominates“. That is capable to empathy, able in love and in hatred to save a human face.We pay
to intellectual education much attention. Today the illiterate person - a priceless object. Tomorrow the person who does not have secondary education will become the same rarity. Worse the situation with moral education is. With education of culture of human feelings. There are all bases to speak about “scissors“ between emotional and intellectual development of the personality. Intellectual development often advances emotional.
“Danger not in that, - the Ukrainian expert in cybernetics G. Suvorov wrote, - that cars will begin to think on - chelovechsk, and that the person will begin to think, how the car“. If not to bring up the child emotionally, he will turn in the robot. Will cease to dream, to love and empathize.
Sometimes parents apply all forces that their children were admitted to prestigious school, gained the certificate or an honors degree, and forget about development of an inner world of the child. And then people with the undeveloped emotional sphere, not capable to pity and sympathy grow up.
the Outstanding teacher V. A. Sukhomlinsky (in Soviet period it was not quite deservedly uplifted on a pedestal of the big scientist, but the practician it was shining), interrogating teenagers in a colony for nesovershennoletny, paid attention that they, in the majority the, did not love serious music. We think that it is not casual. Classical music exerts positive impact on development spiritually - the emotional sphere and as it strange sounds, loss of interest of youth in serious music and the level of teenage crime which increased around the world - links of one chain.
That did not grow at angry...Not everyone trusts
in such opportunity.“ It is unlikely, - our acquaintance, the physicist by profession, the father of two children objected. - the word, thought, an act can bring up. But the sounds which are not bearing concrete information. Something is trusted hardly... “We will try to understand...to Eighty two parents whose children study at music school we asked
a question: “Why you teach the child to music?“. Asked to allocate the main reason. Sixteen answered: “That was able to play instrument“. Twenty one - “for the general development“. Thirty six - “we want that became the musician“. Eight - “that fell in love with music“. And one father wrote:“ That did not grow angry“.
the Last answer, though was the only thing, is especially important for us as it reflects the main tendency of modern musical pedagogics: the main task of mass musical education is not so much training in music in itself how many impact through music on an inner world of the pupil.
Music teaches emotional culture
At the child not enough knowledge and experience, but its emotional world is unusually bright and difficult. He obostryonno feels the good and evil, falseness and sincerity. Training in music is capable to keep this freshness and acuteness of feelings in children.“ It is necessary for each child that he was caressed, smiled to it, loved it and with it were gentle, - the famous American teacher B. Spock wrote. - Children with the undeveloped emotional sphere grow up cold and closed“. Music for which language of emotions native becomes one of the most important means of emotional development.
the Seven-year-old little girl puts on the play “Doll Illness“ from “A children`s album“ of P. Tchaikovsky, and her eyes became sad. Addressing directly feelings, music develops emotional keenness, ability of compassion to others grief, foreign misfortune at children.
of Seryozha, 8 years, having listened to Schuman`s play “The first loss“, drew drawing: the chickabiddy dropped out of a nest and lies under a tree. Birdies, the father and mother flied. They sit, having ruffled up, on the edge of a nest and grieve.
Listening to music, executing it, trying to express the feelings which captured them at the same time even inventing a little, children study kindness, a sincere subtlety.
Ancient about impact of music on the person
that music can make impact on formation of moral qualities of the person, were known still by ancient. Pythagoras who is better known to us as the mathematician and the astronomer, told the word and in an antique esthetics.“ Mixing various melodies as drugs, - his contemporary demonstrates, - he easily led passion, irrepressible jealousy, irritation to an opposite state, correcting each of these shortcomings to virtue“.
Pythagoreans proclaimed music special art, gift of gods. By force which clears, improves soul of the person. They considered that sounds are related to feelings and therefore give rise to a response in soul. From this the conclusion about educational influence of music was drawn. Pythagoras`s followers tried to obtain that music turned into maintaining the state as in such business, serious from the public point of view, as musical art, the risk and an arbitrariness are inadmissible. They looked for “curative structures“ of melodies of the dancing movements and rhythms capable to bridle an extreme of passions, to clear them of the evil.we will be postponed by
to a minute Here presently and we will notice that freedom of musical expression on today`s television platform, speaking language of Pythagoreans, not always promotes the correct selection of these melodies and sometimes carries not the “curative“, but “harming“ character.
Other Ancient Greek philosopher, Platon sympathizing esthetic views of Pythagoras wrote that “... the rhythm and harmony most deeply get into soul of the person and most strongly capture it if education is put correctly. It is clear from experience: when we perceive our ear a rhythm and a melody, we change sincere mood. The perception of music conducts to the fact that we begin to have the same feelings and at collision with the everyday truth“.
Platon`s Thought was developed by Aristotle:“ Whether music has to besides that it brings usual pleasure to serve also more high aim, namely to make the impact on human ethics and mentality? That music influences moral qualities, proves, besides many other, songs of the Olympus which, admittedly, fill soul with enthusiasm which is effect of an ethical order in our mentality“.
the Ancient Greek philosopher Democritus recommended to listen to music at infectious diseases.to
the Great value to the correct musical education was attached also in Ancient China. In representation of ancient Chinese music was a symbol of an order and a civilization. In their opinion, each educated person had to be able to play this or that musical instrument. It is known, for example, that Confucius played on Qin (the Chinese musical instrument of that time) minutes of danger.
to Avoid the music exerting “adverse effect“
If to translate above told on the modern language, then the thought absolutely almost applicable, even utilitarian turns out: songs, melodies, harmonies not a set of sounds, but special language. Language of emotional expression. And also educational tool. In our context - emotional and moral. And this language should use skillfully, without letting matters drift. In other words, influence of music can be not only positive, but also negative.
From this it follows that as there are bans on the certain words, for example, calling for national intolerance or violence in the same way. Namely on those which render on the person, according to Pythagoras, “adverse effect“.
A the fact that such sounds and harmonies exist, undoubtedly. Not incidentally near halls where some bands, for example, executing “hard rock“ act, the strengthened police squads are on duty. After similar concerts at public, especially at youth and teenagers whose mentality is easily vulnerable and comes under the greatest influence, aggression sharply increases.Another matter - is not absolutely clear to
who will be these bans to carry out. It is clear only that it have to be not officials, even the most high-ranking, and experts. Psychologists, teachers, musicians.
Sometimes, listening to radio or television programs, there is a feeling that in Ancient Greece understood value of musical education better, than in today`s world. Musical occupations (hearing of music, game on lira, a cithara, a flute, choral singing) since the time of Solon were included into the program of Ancient Greek school. Ancient Greek teachers, selecting certain pieces of music, tried to develop such qualities as kindness, frankness, courage at young Greeks.
of Occupation by music accustom to work
to learn to play any musical instrument, it is necessary to work daily, again and again repeating separate chords, phrases, passages. One and all big musicians in the childhood were engaged in game on the tool till many hours a day. To achieve result, it is necessary not only to work hard, but also to work with concentration. Ability to concentrate attention is necessary.
was Written and remembered a parable. Nicolo Paganini had no pupils. More precisely, there was only one - the mediocre violinist - the orchestral player. Within several years it went for the great Italian violinist and asked to take it in training. At last the maestro agreed. In a year of occupations the orchestral player became the virtuoso and began to act with solo concerts. When newly made virtuoso asked about Paganini`s method, it was short:“ Paganini taught me to concentration of attention“.
Musical occupations as, perhaps, any others, develop this important quality which will be useful not only to the musician, but also the person of any other profession. At least therefore it is possible to claim that if your child, having graduated from music school, did not become a musician and is engaged absolutely in another matter, time spent behind the tool did not pass in vain. He learned one of the most important abilities in life - with concentration and to work much.
of Occupation by music develop coordination
of Research showed that at the children who are trained in playing musical instruments (especially on string and keyboard), coordination of movements, small motility of hands improves. It is not surprising. At game both fingers, and all hand do a set of movements, including very small. Besides, the right and left hand make sometimes absolutely different movements. Play with the different force (one can loudly play, and another it is silent), in different character and at different speed. All this promotes improvement of communications of a brain, the operating movements between centers. Develops spatial thinking.