The scale of the personality
People differ depending on the scale of the activity which is carried out by them. The scale of activity is not only the quantity, but also the qualitative characteristic of subject domain which the person covers the active actions.
One person daily performs work and does not want to think of problems which are beyond his division. When in it there is a need, he usually asks for the help the higher head. Another, on the contrary, having mastered the site of responsibility, sometimes even not fully, begins to be interested in others, including larger divisions. He wants to expand the range of actions and to feel ability to realize more fully. The first works at the level of the scale of the personality. At the second the scale of the personality it is obvious above his today`s position. If these managers to promote and expand activity scale, for the first work will become excessively troublesome, uneasy, and for the second - more interesting and perspective business.
that the person in the life (or at its separate stage) realizes this or that scale of activity the known role is played by accident, but the basic everything is the personal factor is. Therefore it is necessary to speak not only about activity scale, but also about the scale of the personality.by
the scale of the personality is understood as all set of those psychological qualities which define characteristics of the choice of a task, process of its decision and, thus, activity of the manager of this or that level. Scale is defined by the purposes which are set by the person, and results which it achieves.
Behind them are cost by motives, requirements, abilities, talent, knowledge, experience and other personal and professionally important qualities. Therefore the psychological characteristics which are the cornerstone of process of a goal-setting, plans and actions make a basis of scale of the personality. Thus, the main indicator of scale of the personality are the purposes which the person sets and really seeks to reach in the professional activity.this thesis can illustrate
In some measure with the following example. One economist looks for a way to increase profitability of production of a concrete product and spends for all this the professional and intellectual resources, and adverse environmental conditions which disturb more effective solution of a task, abuses in a smoking-room. Another which duties the similar task enters, understands narrowness of the limits of the possible decision caused by the legal and economic environment and therefore switches all the mental abilities to studying of this problem and to search of ways of its decision. It is not its official level, but it is the level of its understanding of a problem and professional interests in today`s situation therefore it will set in a different way a professional task and to expand borders of approach to its decision. If not to understand it, he will look for most likely that work where he will be able to realize himself.
In this example at both experts approximately identical understanding of a problem, but different reaction to it, and it is defined by compliance of scales of the personality and the standing problem. At the first the scale of the personality does not correspond to problem scale, result - is passive - critical reaction; at the second these scales correspond each other therefore reaction actively - search. The understanding of a problem can be identical, and practical actions will depend already on the scale of the personality. Thus, the important indicator of scale of the personality are practical actions for realization of the purposes, including orientation level in the problems which are their cornerstone.
the Most exact and objective indicator of scale of the identity of the person is the level of socially recognized results of its activity. In order that active actions for achievement of the purpose led to positive results, the correct orientation of the manager in a problem, a concrete situation and factors influencing it is necessary. At the same time depth and systemacity of study of the solution of a practical task depend on the level of professional competences and intelligence of the manager. The same qualities cause ability to see prospects of further work on the solved task. Large-scale persons think of larger and more complex categories - not only economic or technical, but also ethical, humanitarian.
Therefore at one person the objective contacts the perspective purposes of his work at the enterprise, at another - the purposes of today, at the third - problems which were solved at last stage. One employee, analyzing an objective, begins to understand better need of modernization of all production and finds in passing some ways of its implementation, and another thinks much already, for example, drawing a conclusion that it is necessary to have a grist of spare parts for the solution in the future of similar tasks by smaller efforts.
Thus, the scale of activity of the personality is defined by the level of the purposes, level of activity and determination that is characteristics of ambition, and also borders of substantial orientation in a situation which depend on intelligence and professional competences of the person, and the real results achieved by the person and which found recognition at other people.needs to emphasize
that the scale of the personality is defined not by desires, but the effective purposes which the person sets independently, without copying them from others. Therefore if it changes the purposes, increases their level and better structures, without reducing activity in their realization, so there is a process of progressive change of scale of the personality. This first condition of its development.Increase in scale of tasks is carried out by
through complication and expansion of borders of the environment. At the developing business it constantly grows, and it respectively demands increase of scale of the identity of heads. If the manager is capable to tighten the level of the scale to the level of scale of tasks, there is its growth if is not present - kickback back or a stop.
Types of scales of the personality
the Scale of the head is defined by his personal ambitions, abilities completely, systemically to see a situation and problems, and behind them - prospect for development of the enterprise and, besides, an outlook, erudition and intuition.Can allocate to
five main zones of distribution of the characteristics determining different scales of the identity of the person. The Big Scale (BS) is reached by high levels of ambitions and is intellectual - the professional potential of the personality, the average scale (AS) - the average level of the first and second indicators, and the small scale (SS) - with a low level of both characteristics. It is possible to call these three main scales of the personality harmonious as the level of one characteristic corresponds to the same level another.to
At the same time allocate two more bright inharmonious scales of the personality in which the level of one characteristic does not correspond or even another contradicts level. One of them represents a combination of low level of ambitions and high level intellectually - professional potential. It is possible to call it the pseudo-small scale (dishwasher), i.e. it is false or mnimo small. Low level of the characteristic defining external activity of the employee hides high level it intellectually - professional qualities. It is possible to call the second, opposite type of inharmonious scale of the personality the pseudo-big scale (PBM); it represents mnimo the big scale combining the high level of ambitions and low level intellectually - the professional potential of the personality. Such managers at the first perception (sometimes even at rather long supervision) make impression of heads of large scale, without being those on the abilities and real results of activity.
the Pseudo-small scale of the personality occurs among managers seldom. The problem of work with such managers consists that at them for some reasons interest in administrative activity therefore that they realized high intellectually - professional potential, for them it is necessary to create the corresponding motivational conditions is insufficient.
the Pseudo-big scale of the personality in domestic management meets considerably more often. It is caused by what ideology and the principles is command - a planned economy created favorable conditions for office advance of such people. Big ambitions, energy, self-confidence, activity even in the presence of a large number of mistakes allowed to achieve an ultimate goal. In conditions when the cost of costs of achievement of the objectives was considered poorly, and at an assessment of merits of the head often in general it was forgotten, the pseudo-big scale of the personality was associated with success. In market economy managers of pseudo-big scale can hardly count on success. During a transition period this type of managers conceals in itself big dangers to transformations.the Scale of the personality is shown by
in psychological readiness to participate in the solution of major problems. One people with interest and enthusiasm treat complex and responsible challenges, others - with fear, doubts in the abilities and uncertainty in achievement of necessary results. Discrepancy of level of the purposes, on the one hand, and knowledge, professional competences and abilities - with another is the reason of the different relation.Factors of development of scale of the personality
the Scale of the personality is formed by
during all life, but at different age stages with different dynamics. Most sushchestven its growth during training and professional formation. It corresponds to the age period approximately in
of 18 - 35 years. the Opposite processes connected with decrease in scale of the personality belong, as a rule, to later age.
Formation, growth, and also decrease in scale of the personality are defined by the same factors:
- scale of solvable tasks;
- an assessment of the achieved results;
- near environment and appropriate level of communication;
- level of ambitions;
- breadth of views, outlook;
- variety of interests;
- I.Q., education, general culture;
- level of professional competences;
- professional intuition;
- flexibility of behavior.
Internal factors are more natural, external contain an element of chance. That are necessary for growth of scale of the personality and others. Therefore formation of the large-scale personality in some measure depends on accidents.
the Important factor of development of scale of the personality is various experience of the manager in other fields of activity. However it has significant effect only if the manager is practically capable to use it in the current work.the Scale of activity of the person is shown by
in any sphere of social activity, but it is swept most up in policy of an iupravleniya though even here large-scale persons - quite unusual occurrence. Ambitious there is a lot of, but with a scale corresponding to complexity of problems it is obviously not enough. All got used that the ambitious large-scale head is a unique phenomenon, gift from above. Now the need for such managers is so high that it is necessary to use all opportunities for their search and cultivation. whether