Rus Articles Journal

From the bed. The choice of cultures

Cultivation of vegetables and fruit on the kitchen garden - interesting and literally fruitful occupation. What can be compared to the fresh and crackling “directly from a bed“ production which is grown up by own hands? First stage of any project, naturally, planning. Let`s talk about how it is correct to choose cultures.

the Beginning vegetable growers with big enthusiasm try to seed and grow up literally any seeds which fall to them into hands. However in one or two years of successful and unsuccessful experience the understanding comes that not all available vegetables it is possible and it is necessary to grow up on your kitchen garden and for your family. Therefore it makes sense to define the priorities in advance and to solve how many and what vegetables to try to grow up in the coming season.

What factors influence adoption of this decision?

kitchen garden Size. If at you are only several square meters which you can give for vegetables, you should choose more compact cultures or to grow up something in containers (yes, vegetables, as well as flowers, perfectly grow in containers!) . It is possible to refuse cultivation of dimensional cultures, for example: potatoes, different types of cabbage, onions or parsnip - as they are cheap and available all the year round on retail. Think of more compact options of the same onions - a leek or shallot.

Illumination. to the Majority of vegetables at the latitude of northern and central Europe it is required to em by 5 - 7 hours of the direct sun in day. If you have no such ground, you should be limited to quite short list of vegetables in an open ground, and to grow up the rest in containers or in special packages of the garden earth which can be put on the solar place.

Fans of the discharged sun or a penumbra are the following cultures:

  • sheet salads and other “greens“ (spinach, sorrel, arugula, cress, endivy, chicory)
  • of cabbage (broccoli, color, Bruxelles, Calais, kohlrabi, etc.)
  • a garden radish
  • peas and beans
  • beet and a mangold
  • many aromatic herbs (a marjoram, a sage, mint, shnitt - onions, parsley, etc.) .

soil Type. On easy sandy soils early ripe cultures well grow. Such soils get warm in the spring and at the beginning of summer quicker, however further at high temperatures they can represent a problem from - for a lack of moisture and low ability to hold water. On such soils try to grow up vegetables in small deepenings (trenches) where moisture will be late much longer. Heavy clay soils, on the contrary, get warm at the beginning of a season longer, but during the droughty periods they keep moisture better inside and provide to roots of plants access to useful substances. On such soils it makes sense to grow up late-ripening cultures on the raised beds - they get warm quicker and provide the best drainage.

Human factor and other resources. It is worth calculating, what is the time and forces your family is ready to put in cultivation of vegetables. Do not forget about the “peak“ periods when a number of important works for a certain time are necessary (crops of seedling, disembarkation of seedling in soil, harvesting) and violation of the schedule can lead to bad result. Vegetables can conditionally be divided on “easy“ and “difficult“ in cultivation. To the “lungs“ which are not demanding big expenses of work and time to vegetables according to the British Royal gardening community, belong: pumpkins of different types, bean cultures, early potatoes, an asparagus, beet, a garden radish, sheet salads, vegetable marrows and zucchini, garlic and onions - shallot. “Difficult“ rightfully it is possible to carry to vegetables, for example, stem a celery and tomatoes which require close attention during the entire period of vegetation. It is also necessary to mean that at different plants different requirements to watering. The majority of sheet cultures, for example, very vlagolyubivo while pumpkins, aromatic herbs and the majority of root crops can perfectly do without water long time. For economy of efforts and time it is also worth considering option of creation of the built-on kitchen garden which does not demand perekopok.

the Place for storage. Whether is at you fell, a terrace, garage or the warmed loggia for storage of vegetables in the winter? Whether there is a spare freezer for storage of the frozen stocks? Whether there are cases for storage of tinned vegetables in banks? If you do not have all this, then to you, most likely, should be limited to a small amount of fresh vegetables that is called “to a table“.

Favourite vegetables and their availability on sale. Despite the last place in our list, this idle time and telling argument should be considered first of all at the choice of vegetables for cultivation on the kitchen garden. What vegetables are loved in your family? In what look they are used and how it is necessary for you much? Whether it is possible to store and preserve these vegetables or they should be eaten as soon as possible after collecting? It is necessary to be guided by all these factors also when determining number of landings. And, at last, as far as your favourite vegetables are available and expensive in a distribution network? Certainly, it makes sense to grow up rare vegetables or kinds of vegetables which are not on broad sale in your region. If the place allows why, for example, not to try to grow up own asparagus which is so expensive in retail.