Rus Articles Journal

Secrets of feeding of aquarian fishes of

the Vast majority of diseases and death at our domestic small fishes is the result of their wrong feeding. The trouble is that the beginning fan sometimes does not even understand all importance and responsibility for the actions in questions of feeding.

the biggest and often found mistake - feeding of fishes dry feeds. Hungry fish snatches on such forage, swallows. Further this forage in a stomach begins to decay. Very small part it is acquired, the rest gets to water and changes its chemism. The more a dry feed you give, the water spoils quicker. Unnecessary organisms develop. Quality dry company feeds contain practically all elements necessary for fishes, but it is necessary to use them carefully.

the Second mistake - monotonous food. At all variety and availability of various forages, the beginning fan stuffs the pets with the same forage day by day. The choice of forages very big, the skillful combination and alternation them will allow to grow up healthy fish and to concentrate the attention on more interesting aspects of life of an underwater kingdom.

do not forget

that small fishes generally are predators, it is not enough among them the types feeding on exclusively vegetable sterns.


the Live forage is necessary for fishes during spawning. Receiving a fair portion of a crank, a trubochnik, fish okhotny go for spawning. The whitebait who grew on a live forage zhizneustoychiv is also less subject to diseases further.


it is Much written about harm of a trubochnik. Actually this harm is strongly exaggerated. Can contain in a trubochnik anything, but there are simple ways allowing to clear him. For cleaning of a trubochnik it is enough to wash out of him within a week two - three times a day. When it gains pink color, without any caution it is possible to give it to fishes. Some fans “presoak“ a trubochnik in milk which needs also to be changed.

Should stop stored live forages. Trubochnik is stored on the lower shelf of the refrigerator in a wide and low vessel with a small amount of the water which is daily replaced. A crank it is possible to hold between two wet towel wipes. As ware it is possible to use photoditches. it is desirable for p to feed crank

I, and a trubochnik through special feeding troughs. The Snuly forage remains in a feeding trough, and leaves live through small openings in an aquarium. Trubochnik of high quality at percussion instantly “curls up“ in a ball. Upon purchase it is necessary to pay attention and to its appearance. It is not recommended to store long live forage.

Without special problems can grow up the water flea. Except tasks fodder, the water flea is of interest and to supervision. Especially for a whitebait it is desirable to have several cans with kolovratka. For very small whitebait fans “hold near at hand“ infusorians.

as additional food of a whitebait use curdled milk. Some fans cultivate in house conditions of an enkhitreus. It is quite easy to support him. For enrichment of a worm vitamins it is necessary to add to his food waste of vegetables, etc. Feeding of fishes enkhitreusy can cause obesity therefore, as well as any other, this type of a forage needs to be alternated.

as a vegetable forage it is good to p to use grain. Before their use grain needs to fill in with boiled water and having cooled, to feed. With great pleasure many karpovy, somovy, tsikhlovy eat a semolina.

At the maintenance of a large number of fish need for well balanced and inexpensive forage appears.

Any thermal treatment, as a rule, reduces the product value therefore components at preparation of forcemeat are used generally in the raw.

forcemeat Basis.

  1. Sea fish. Milts, caviar.
  2. Squids, octopuses, shrimps, etc.

Vegetable components.

  1. Nettle. It is possible to prepare independently and to use in a dry form. Dandelions, etc. No more than 10%.
  2. Red sweet pepper (“Bulgarian“). Improvement of a color of fish. No more than 5%.
  3. Parsley, spinach, apple. No more than 2%.
  4. Onions. No more than 1%.
  5. Juice of garlic or lemon. No more than 1%.
  6. Carrots, pumpkin and other vegetables. Before addition it is necessary to cook of 5 - 8 minutes. No more than 5%.

Other additives

  1. beef liver. Rich source of active agents. In forcemeat - no more than 5%. It is possible to feed up fish and just pieces of a liver than once a week is not more often.
  2. Egg. Binding element of forcemeat.
  3. Dog food and cats. Should not contain peryevy flour. Can cause an intestines inflammation.
  4. Spirulin`s
  5. .
  6. the Dry and frozen forages for fishes. Gamarus, water flea, etc. And also qualitative company mixes. No more than 10%.
  7. Ground egg shell. Source of minerals. It is badly acquired.
  8. Vitamins. 1 - 2 tablets on 1 kg of forcemeat. Sometimes I take in a drugstore vitamin D on oil and I moisten with it forcemeat pieces before feeding a little.
  9. Iodinated salt. On a knife tip. Compensates deficiency of iodine.
It is undesirable to li to use

in forcemeat

  1. the Bird.
  2. Meat of warm-blooded animals. In cases of feeding of fishes as beef it is necessary to choose low-fat meat.
  3. River fish. Perhaps poisonings, parasites.
  4. of the Grass and a plant, used in medicine. The effect of their use can lead to very sad and unpredictable consequences.

Components of forcemeat are washed out, mix up and are crushed in any available way (the meat grinder, the mixer). Crushing of components by means of a knife quite will be suitable for an aquarium with large fishes.

Ready weight we place

in a plastic bag and with hands it is rolled in a layer 1 - 2 cm we Store in the freezer.


Before feeding it is broken off necessary quantity and after thawing we place in an aquarium. It is possible to throw the frozen pieces without thawing.

However, if you have ground fishes, they can lose a lunch since ice does not sink in water, and in process of thawing all forage can be eaten by other fishes.

as binding elements are used by gelatin, an agar-agar. Besides, it is possible to fill in forcemeat with the strong broth received after a vyvarka of bones.

the Example of the recipe

  1. 1 of kg to a putas (in our market it is one of the cheapest sea fishes).
  2. of 200 g of squids. Previously they should be cleared.
  3. Bag of a dry company feed.
  4. Tablespoon of a dry nettle.
  5. One crude egg.
Fish and squids we pass

via the meat grinder twice. Let`s add a dry feed, a nettle, egg. Let`s carefully mix. Forcemeat is ready.

Theoretically can store forcemeat at a low temperature in the freezer quite long time. Actually, activity of these or those substances and their suitability for feeding of fish can strongly vary. It is desirable to do the volume which is completely eaten by fishes in a week.

the Quantity of the set forage is defined by

experimentally. It is necessary to give a forage small parts, watching reaction of fishes. It is better if fish does not eat up a little. The remains of a forage should not lie at the bottom. Frequency of feeding depends on age of fish. The whitebait is fed more often, to adult fish there will be enough one or two once a day.


About advantage of starvation for the person it was much written, all this is right also for fishes. Zheludochno - to an intestinal path is necessary rest. During starvation there is a cleaning of an organism. Sick fish is on the mend quicker, and again acquired better will acclimatize. Once a week it is useful to arrange full hunger strike. The exception is made by a whitebait, food to which it is necessary constantly.

Adult fish without visible damage can starve also week.