Rus Articles Journal

Wine glasses - distant relatives of a horn

explanatory dictionaries define the Wine glass as glasswares with a capacity of of 200 - 250 ml, intended for mineral or fruit water, and also for wine as a glass on a high leg.

the Modern wine glass can call

the evolving horn for wine, or an advanced bowl, a ladle, a pile or even bratiny. The wine glass has a huge number of ancestors and distant relatives. Actually the first wine glasses began to appear only with development of glass-blowing art - in the 17th century. Before metal, a tree, ceramics, a bone were available materials for production of “drinkable“ ware.

the Wooden or ceramic wine glass - the nonsense, is much simpler to turn a ladle or a bratina from a tree. The bone is traditional horns for wine drinking, and, here it is not even necessary to try especially unless to take care of elegant finishing. Metal is generally cups (for ceremonial cups precious metals and stones were used). And a wine glass - creation fragile, graceful, differing in transparent refinement of forms. For its production the corresponding material is necessary. Glass or crystal.

are surprisingly various

of the Form of wine glasses. There are wine glasses narrow and wide, low and high, in the form of a tulip and in the form of a keg, with the made narrower “waist“ or, on the contrary, - in the form of a flower bud. Such variety is not casual at all. All the matter is that taste of what is drunk depends on a form of in what this drunk is poured.

Here made such amazing discovery in 50 - x years of the XX century Claus Josef Ridel, the hereditary glass blower, the father of the current owner of the well-known company Riedel - producers of Bohemian glass with 1890.

It is opening call revolution as it turned out that by means of a glass it is possible to design taste of wine literally. It appears, varying a form and the size of a glass or a wine glass, it is possible to direct wine to certain sites of the sky or language, and they in turn are responsible for various tastes. So, the tip of language is responsible for sweet and therefore for drink of the dry, cool white wines characteristic of Rhine, the vessels which are strongly narrowed up are recommended. And here sweet, oilier wines - exactly the opposite, require wider “entrance“ which allows to pass a “sweet“ tip of language and to get on those zones which are sensitive to acid - in this case the juicy note of sourness is added to sweet of drink, and the scale of flavoring feelings becomes much wider.

Using wine glasses, it is necessary to consider that far not only the form influences taste of drink. The size is very important too. For this reason not all wines can be drunk from wine glasses. For example, red wines demand a vessel of no more of 70 - 100 ml, and the size of a wine glass is much more - of 200 - 250 ml. But wine glasses of a form “flt“ (the cone which is gradually extending up, and then, somewhere from 2/3 heights, slightly narrowed) or “crape“ (are used for vintage wine) of 200 ml very well are suitable for champagne and sparkling wines. Their size and a form just allow to pour wine on three quarters that taste managed to be drawn and aroma did not disappear.


For cognac use vessels of the sniffer form - they remind the tulip which is slightly trampled down from below - the wide lower part, dried “neck“. Drink is poured to the level of the widest part that the big surface of liquid began to exhale an aroma maximum, and the narrow neck allows to keep this aroma, having presented it to a gourmet in an integrity and safety. It is interesting that “sniffers“ vary in a form a little - depending on category of cognac. So, young cognacs (categories V. S or V. S. O. P) drink from “sniffers“ at which the throat is hardly narrowed as these drinks differ in aggression, and in a bouquet spirit notes are too strong. Rather wide throat of “sniffer“ allows “to release“ sharp aromas, but there are fruktovost notes that gives to cognac additional appeal. And old, noble cognacs (category X. Lake) are drunk from “sniffers“ with as much as possible promised a throat (as tasters - “pipe“ speak), leaving a fruktovost, completeness and refinement of drink in inviolability, and relieving of rigid spirit notes.

Also “sniffers“ are used by

for brandy drink (but all know that any cognac is a brandy, here only not everyone brandy - cognac).

And still wine glasses are not too adapted by

for drink of alcoholic beverages - first of all from - for limitations of volume. Glasses, for example, have much more volume variations (to 3000 ml), and use them as vessels for wine, champagne, cognac etc., many drinks demand volume smaller, than the minimum volume of a wine glass, and many - bigger, than their maximum volume. Therefore wine glasses are generally the vessels for fruit soft drinks and mineral water decorating table layout and giving a crystal modulation of life.