Rus Articles Journal

St. Valentine`s Day of

Is considered that St. Valentine`s Day exists more than 16 centuries, but the holidays devoted to love are known since earlier times - since ancient pagan cultures. For example, Romans in the middle of February celebrated the festival in honor of the goddess of love of Juno Februata of eroticism called by Lupercalia.

the holiday has also specific “responsible“ - the Christian priest Valentin. This history is dated approximately 269, at that time the emperor Claudius II ruled the Roman Empire. The warring Roman army tested an acute shortage of soldiers for military campaigns, and the military leader was convinced that the main enemy of his “Napoleonic“ plans - marriages because the married legionary of glory of the empire thinks much less, than of how a family to support. And, to keep a martial spirit in the soldiers, the emperor issued the decree forbidding to legionaries to marry.

But to fall in love - that soldiers from it did not become less. And to their happiness there was a person who, without fearing imperial anger, began to crown secretly legionaries with their beloved. The priest by the name of Valentin from the Roman city of Terni (Valentine of Terni) was him. Probably, he was the real romantic as his favourite entertainments were to reconcile quarreled, to help to write love letters and to give at the request of legionaries flowers to objects them passion.

Matter of course as soon as the emperor learned about it, he decided it to stop “criminal activity“. Valentin was sentenced to death. The tragedy of a situation was also in that, as Valentin was in love with the jailer`s daughter. A day before execution the priest wrote to the girl the farewell letter where told about the love, and “your Valentin“ signed it. It was read how it was executed.

Subsequently as the Christian martyr who was injured for belief Valentin was canonized by Catholic church. And in 496 the Pope Gelasius (Pope Gelasius I) declared on February 14 St. Valentine`s Day.

Saint Valentin was withdrawn by

C of 1969 as a result of church service reform from a liturgical calendar of Catholic church (together with other Roman Saints, data on whose life are inconsistent and doubtful). However, and till 1969 the church did not approve and did not support traditions of celebration of this day. whether

So it was or otherwise, but, most likely, exactly from there was moved to write love notes - “Valentine`s Day cards“ to St. Valentine`s Day. And on this holiday like to organize weddings and to get married. It is considered that it will become guarantee of eternal love.

St. Valentine`s Day began to be celebrated by

In Western Europe widely since the 13th century, in the USA - since 1777.

Tradition to give to

this day gifts got stronger every year and for some became rather successful business. For example, at the beginning of the last century at Americans it was accepted to send to the brides marzipans which were quite expensive.

tradition to give to

In Japan this day sweet appeared at the suggestion of one major company on production of chocolate. There began to celebrate St. Valentine`s Day in 30 - e years, and still chocolate remains the most widespread gift. By the way, there St. Valentine`s Day slightly reminds “on March 8 for men“ as the Japanese men receive, perhaps, even more gifts, than women: man`s accessories like razor, lotion, a wallet and so on.

At passionate French on St. Valentine`s Day can be given to a jewelry, and in romantic Denmark people send each other the dried white flowers.

In Britain unmarried girls get up on February 14 before sunrise, become near a window and look at the passing men. According to a belief, the first man whom they will see and is the promised.

But in the world some countries which especially caused a stir in celebration of St. Valentine`s Day are. First of all it is Saudi Arabia which is the only country in the world where this holiday... it is officially forbidden, and, on pain of heavy fines.

I in Russia, here he was only marked out not in the winter, and at the beginning of summer. It was connected with a legendary love story of Pyotr and Fevroniya and Kupale - to pagan Slavic god, Perun`s son is devoted.