Rus Articles Journal

Rebus - a method and its place in the course of training in reading

Each four-year-old child dreams to learn to read. Books, magazines, advertizing, inscriptions on streets and in the TV, on wrappers of candies and on packings with toys - written language surrounds the child everywhere, it such desired and, alas, such unclear! The kid with enthusiasm responds to the proposal of the adult to learn to reading, but!. But here it is waited by “ambush“.

It appears before though to read something, it is necessary long - to learn long time of a letter, to learn em difficult rules of their connection, to study many days, weeks, months, and to read and it is impossible! It is good still if the teacher got cheerful, can play different games and is able to tell the ridiculous story “from life of letters“. Reading from it becomes better not, but occupation at least stops being to yawning boring. Here if it is possible - time, and already learned! Time, and already read! Time, and even itself understood the read word! Dream of the baby!

this dream of the child is embodied our “By a rebus - a method“. In several minutes to learn to read, still even without knowing letters, practically absolutely without study. Well, let still to read not the whole stories, and even not offers, and at least just separate words. Well, let still even not by means of letters which are so difficult for the child for now only by means of syllabic pictograms as ancient shumer read. Before reading stories the child should pass all long educational way - letters, then warehouses, then words, then phrases and offers, - all that is offered by other textbooks. But with our book the kid from the first occupation will already study in reading to the most interesting and main: to understand sense of read.

Only two rules

“A rebus - the method“ is, first of all, game, and game oral. To understand the sound principle of our game, it is necessary all tasks specified by us obligatory to carry out aloud, loudly and rhythmically. Our child does not know letters yet, is not able to read yet and therefore he is capable to be guided only on aloud the pronounced words and sounds.

our game has only two rules. The first rule - as from the whole word to allocate for hearing its first sound warehouse (in the word MASK not the first letter M and not the first syllable of MAS , namely the first warehouse of MA ). For the four-year-old child it does not make problems, and already through two - three minutes the kid seizes our first rule. The second rule - as from several whole words, loudly and rhythmically said aloud one behind another to allocate their first warehouses and to understand the new turned-out word.

from first minutes of the first occupation of children are carried away by surprising transformations of one words into others. The teacher`s task these minutes - to show rules of the game and to keep itself from unnecessary explanations. It is not necessary to explain to the child what is a sound, a syllable or a sound warehouse. It is not necessary to tell what and how many letters the warehouse registers. It is not necessary even to show pictures or objects. It is necessary only distinctly and rhythmically as if rhymes to say:

a mask - MA
a palm tree - PAS
a mouse - we
the cone - ShI
a cat - TO
a spoon-...

is recommended to make by
a small interrogative pause Here. Let the child will understand that he is invited to participate in this game. But it is not necessary to wait for the answer, continue further:

... - LO
a ball - MYa
a teapot - ChA
a branch - VE
a grid-...
the handle - RU
of the Bug-...

to Children very much it is pleasant to play strong in this oral game with names:

Pricking

- TO
Olya - About
Masha - MA
Dasha - YES
Petya - PE
Fedya - FE
Ira - And
of Cyrus - KI and to other

to

Names, certainly, have to be familiar to the child. Any adult without difficulties will pick up two - three tens suitable words. The only thing that needs to be considered: each word has to begin surely with an accent because unaccented oglasovka change the sounding ( a kitten, a bag ).

the Rebus - the method allows to give classes with already reading and with yet not reading children at the same time in one group. Features of a method - a possibility of the oral game which is completely imitating all mechanisms of reading. The principle of reading is understood by children in only a few minutes. Extraordinary fascinatingly for children, it is very convenient for the teacher, it is absolutely clear to parents.

As soon as the child understood the rule a mask - MA and began to echo the teacher, it is possible to pass to the following step. Besides excess explanations are not required, it is necessary to say only distinctly and rhythmically:

a mask - a mask - MA - MA
a palm tree - a palm tree - PAS - the PAS
of a shoe - a teapot - TU - ChA
chicken - a teapot - KU-...
a mask - a ball - MA-...
a cactus - a ball-...

to

Two words - it is absolutely easy for
. It is more difficult to keep three words in attention:

a mask - the cone - a pillowcase - MA-...-...
a mask - a leaf - a pillowcase - MA-...-...
a beads - a mask - a tie - BU-...-...
a tie - a zebra - slippers-...

As a rule, children 4 - 5 rather easily from the first occupation solve years aurally tasks from three words. And here tasks from four words cause difficulties even at a shestiletok:

a beads - cancer - a tiger - scissors-...
of the letter - cancer - a bear - the lady-...
a cloud - the girl - a box - a spoon-...
chicken - chicken - the handle - a hare-...

Children forget initial words, lose sequence of sounds, try “to guess“ the final word and often are mistaken. The lack of concentration of attention, inability to concentrate affects. On the one hand, for the sake of development of these important qualities it would be worth continuing such oral training. But it is possible and to facilitate a task, having given at last to the child a visual support in the form of objects or their drawn images.

At emergence of visible objects process of the real reading begins

. It is necessary to specify in due time and repeatedly to children the direction of reading. Without hint of the adult children try to call elements from right to left. Also get off to it with surprising constancy.

by

to such elementary actions reduces a role of the teacher in our technique. Any difficult explanations, any long preparatory stages, any multiseries role plots applied today by teachers for the only purpose to entertain the child missing on occupation, to make occupation amusing. In “A rebus - a method“ children are rather keen on process of reading, and this process is pleasant to children.

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the Decision of advisory council of Committee on Education of St.-Petersburg of December 25, 2009 “A rebus - the method - training in reading by means of syllabic pictograms“ is allowed to application at elementary school as the additional training technique.

Of course, not all children are equally successful in training. If the teacher conducts occupation with the whole group of children, then the most bright and active pupils become “sample“ for the lagging behind child: do as they, catch up with them, be ahead of them, compete with them. If the adult is engaged only with one child, and that suddenly did not understand a rule of the game - well, it is always possible to stop and postpone until the following time.

Very much can be

, the child is still too small for similar exercises, does not understand yet that it began words and what in general this adult wants from it to achieve. We categorically do not advise to be engaged in similar games with children whose speech skills and concepts did not settle yet. So, for example, three-year-old children are capable to transfer seriously rules of shortening of words to household communication and to provoke it an artificial delay of speech development. If “The rebus - method“ is not enough for the child for mastering memory, attention, abstract thinking yet, and if you want, sense of humour - it can be observed both in four, and in five, and even in six years, - that with this child is simple to be engaged early in reading, slogovo - pictographic or especially fonemno - alphabetic.“ The rebus - a method“ is odn - remenno the testing exercise both good training, and exact.

Oral a rebus - examples

Oral rebuses fantastically develop feeling of a rhythm at the child, his attention and concentration.

of Adults it entertains the solution of such rebuses aurally too. For oral game we give below examples of rebuses.

the simplest rebuses - from two words

a mask - a mask - MA - MA
a palm tree - a palm tree - PAS - the PAS
of a shoe - a teapot - TU-...
chicken - a teapot-...
a cactus - a ball -
the sledge - a ball -
a box - a mask -
a woodpecker - a woodpecker
onions - the
pillowcase the handle - a cactus
a leaf - the letter
sledge - a lamp
the cone - the
pillowcase a skirt - a lamp
a brush - cherry
scissors -
scissors the robot - a hare
a bathtub - a hare

the First complexity for the child - plural

the girl - a tiger
scissors - the
weight a pigeon - fish
the handle - a brush
a goose - a bull
a box - a mouse
scissors - fish
a chandelier - the disk
a cat - threads
the girl - a tiger
scissors - the
weight a pigeon - fish
the handle - a brush
a goose - a bull
a box - a mouse
scissors - fish
a chandelier - the disk
a cat - threads

Simple rebuses from three words

a mask - the cone - the
pillowcase a mask - a leaf - the
pillowcase a stork - chicken - a lamp
a beads - a mask -
tie a tie - a zebra -
slippers cancer - a cap -
slippers the weight - slippers - cancer
a palm tree - on a volochka - a
mask a cactus - a turnip -
slippers cancer - d ush - a
tie a hare - a knife of Nice - a hare
a hare - cancer - a hare
cancer - a barrel -
slippers a tiger - the cone - the
pillowcase a stork - chicken - the
skis a tie - a zebra -
pumpkin the weight - slippers - fish
cancer - a cap - letter
pumpkin - cancer -
pumpkin a lamp - a lodge - threads
a tie - a spoon - the
cone a palm tree - a cap - letter
pumpkin - a toad - a
mask onions - a toad
a duck - a tube - the
weight fish - bank - a whale
a palm tree - a duck - a whale
a cactus - a skull - a leaf
a skull - pumpkin - a turnip
a duck - an umbrella - fish
a palm tree - the handle - the
sledge a duck - the robot - a whale
a mask - skis - the
cone chicken - a lamp - a whale
the robot - a leaf - a whale

Rebuses from four words

a stork - a pillowcase - a pillowcase -
cheese a palm tree - a duck - a tiger - the
pillowcase a beads - cancer - a tiger -
scissors a goose - heart - threads - the tsar
chicken - chicken - the handle - a hare
of bank - slippers - a turnip - a box
of the letter - a stork - threads -
scissors a cloud - the girl - a box - a spoon
the sledge - the sea - a vase - fish

Rebuses with unaccented oh, e, I

of Difficulty in understanding read arise at the child when unstressed vowels of O, E, Ya appear. The child just does not learn the read word because in life it sounds differently.

the sun - bank - a cactus
the sun - bank - a brush
the house - the robot - a
tie the house - the robot - the
weight scissors - a
tie a cloud - a zebra - the
robot a cat - a mask - fish
a pigeon - cancer
a pillowcase - a teapot - a spoon
a mouse - a spoon
a spoon - a palm tree -
slippers a spoon - a palm tree -
pumpkin a cloud - the
sledge a cat - a hare
of the letter - the robot - the
weight the robot - a
tie a cat - the robot - the
pillowcase a cat - the robot - a vase
a cat - the
sledge the sun - the robot - a cactus
the sun - the robot - a whale
a pigeon - a spoon - the
sledge a pigeon - a spoon - a vase
of a flank - the robot - the lady
the cook - a spoon - the
sledge a lightning - a spoon - a cat
the cook - a pigeon - the lady
a wolf - the robot -
slippers an umbrella - a spoon -
cake a pigeon - the robot - the lady
a wolf - a spoon - flank
cheese - a spoon -
cake a wolf - the robot - the
pillowcase a black grouse - a spoon
a black grouse - a watering can - a
tie a watering can - squirrel - the disk
a ball - the sun
pepper - the down
robot - a tie - a spoon
a tree - cherries - the tsar
the sun - a vase
a fir-tree - the lady
a cat - a watering can - the sun
a cat - a watering can -
scissors a turnip - a cactus

Rebuses with separate consonants

Consonants in these oral rebuses are said by

not as names of letters (Be, em, KA, etc.) and as real short sounds. Most easily children understand sense in long rebuses.

the Stork - a pillowcase - a pillowcase - With
the sledge - a lightning - a bathtub - P
a lightning - a spoon - a cake - To
a palm tree - the robot - a wolf - Z
shorts - a cat - a lamp - D
a cloud - a goose - a turnip - C
the cook - a bear - a lodge - P
the cook - a gun - a tie - Y
a wolf - the robot - a squirrel - Y
a fly - cancer - a broom - Y
a leaf - a lightning - N
of bank - a pillowcase - N
of bank - cancer - N
of bank - cancer - bank - N
G - the handle - a ball
G - a lamp - a hare
K - threads - a
K tie - fish - a ball
a chandelier - To
the sun - To
the sun - N
scissors - With
a hare - L
the cook - L
a lightning -
the sun -
the handle -
the girl - N
month - D - a broom - D
Z - a broom - Z - the lady
...

in principle, any parent can think up the rebuses. Only one needs be not to forgotten: each word - the picture has to begin with an accent: cat , but not kitten . Because in the word “kitten“ first O sounds as A , and any kid will tell of KA instead of TO .

the Accent

the Main task of reading - to understand sense of the read words. Let`s try to explain on several examples to our adult reader what, except letters, prevents the child to understand sense.

we Will take the simple floor CAR .

the Sense of this word is really simple

for understanding: a certain unit, the mechanism, can be on wheels.

But here we write

this word twice and we ask to read aloud:

the CAR the CAR

After short hitch adults come to a conclusion that it is not about two units, and only about one which belongs to some Masha. For children such conclusion without a certain skill is almost impossible. The child finds it difficult to create a set of various options of an accent, he is not able to improvise freely in rhythmics of the speech yet. Two elementary words are the child when reading not understood.

by

I it is absolutely excluded that the kid understood a rhythmic and semantic difference of two following offers, despite the seeming simplicity of their reading:

THIS CAR the
CAR the CAR the CAR

Change by the letter of only one letter completely changes rhythmics of the phrase read aloud. Besides words THIS and THIS in oral speech are said absolutely equally.

Other example, two words:

the SCARECROW, the RAVEN

Is clear that it is about some one scarecrow and about one black bird. But in the offer

the SCARECROW of CROWS FRIGHTENED by

is told not about two scarecrows and one bird, and all about the same only scarecrow which frightened off the whole pack.

the Given examples explain

why at some children it is impossible to understand read even if they know all letters and already easily put them in sounds. Leaf through any children`s book, and you will find out that without resistant skill of reading to understand its text to the child very difficult, it is even impossible. The greatest difficulty for understanding short words with the changed unaccented oglasovka, for example represent IT, IT, IT, the GOAT, FOOD, the FEATHER , etc. Children it is simpleabout do not recognize them when reading because in oral speech it is accepted to say respectively: of ETA, ANA, Autonomous Non-Commercial Organization, KAZA, IDA, PIRO . Long words, such as the BLANKET, the PIANO, the QUEEN are learned by children much easier, though demand bigger concentration of attention.

- the Barrel - a rose - the lady, - we set an oral task to the child.

- BO - RO - Yes, - he solves it aurally and cannot understand the turned-out word because in life it sounds as OH - RA - YES .

- the Pigeon - a rose - the lady, - we continue a task.

- GO - RO - Yes, - the child deciphers, and cannot understand the word in plural.

- the Cook - a rose - the lady.

- ON - RO - Yes, - and again does not learn, but not because does not know about different cat breeds and dogs but because it did not guess to rearrange an accent in the word.

this task - training of concentration of attention and statement of an accent - solves “A rebus - a method“ still before the child gets acquainted with letters.