Rus Articles Journal

Bugenvilley, or the Nice name of a fine tropikanka

the Unforgettable, bright impression renders on many tourists visiting foreign countries, magnificently blossoming bugenvilleya - it decorate high fencings of houses, balconies, arbors, pergolas. In an open ground of tropical climate bugenvilleya blossoms nearly all the year round, in subtropics - from spring to late fall. In June blossoms bugenvilleya and in a subtropical zone of the Caucasus and the Crimea. And here in a temperate climate this thermophilic plant can be grown up only in the form of a window plant.

In the evening of life Louie Antoine of de Bouguenvil (1729 - 1811), the French writer, the lawyer and the mathematician who on a twist of fate became the royal musketeer and the outstanding seafarer with grief said that, perhaps, it will be known to descendants only thanks to the flower called in his honor bugenvilley.

Louie Antoine de Bouguenvil was born

in Paris in a family of the famous notary. Since the childhood showed big abilities to sciences and literature, but at insistance of the father chose law and became the lawyer of a judiciary board of the Parisian Parliament. In twenty three years published the brilliant “Treatise about integral calculus“ and became... the royal musketeer, then went to London where held a position of the secretary of the French Embassy and for the work on mathematics it was elected the member of the English Royal scientific organization.

at the beginning of Seven years` war, in 1756, Bougainville was at war in Canada and, having caused a stir in fight at Quebec, undertook command of the French troops after fatally wounded general Monkalm. In 1763 it was appointed the captain of the frigate going to the Falkland Islands for the organization of the French colony, and in 1766 - the head of sea expedition which charged to survey the ocean from the western coast of South America to OST - India. Bougainville had to enter on behalf of the king of France possession of all newly opened lands, collect on the way of data on the English, Spanish and Dutch settlements, is scattered the southern seas, ny on islands, and, at last, - to get on the Moluccas which was carefully preserved by Holland, “seeds and precious saplings of the trees giving spices“.

In November, 1766 the frigate of “La Boudeuse“ (“Angry“) under Louie Antoine`s command of de Bouguenvilia put out to sea to make the first French global cruise. Doctors, naturalists and astronomers as carrying out the extensive program of scientific researches was supposed participated in expedition.

In Brazil Bougainville the first paid attention to an unfamiliar beautiful plant, but other participant of global cruise, the doctor and naturalist Philibert Commerson brought him to Europe. He also suggested to call an anonymous liana in honor of the head of expedition. Finally immortalized Bougainville in the name of a plant, having defined the last the place in modern systematization, the Swiss botanist and professor of philosophy in Geneva Jean Denis Choizi of (1799 - 1859).

Now in rainforests of Brazil and other countries of South America 18 types of lianas are, is more rare than the trees and bushes united in a sort bugenvilleya (Bougainvillea). From them in culture two look - treelike evergreen lianas bugenvilleya naked and bugenvilleya remarkable are popular.

the Beginning to victorious procession along the countries and continents was necessary to

wild-growing bugenvilley naked. Beauty not flowers, but big give to this liana with plentifully branching stalks brightly painted bracts lilac or rozovato - red color which turn pale over time. The color scale at bracts of selection and hybrid forms of a bugenvillea is much more diverse: from purely white and yellow to all shades red, pink and lilovo - violet. Selection forms of a bugenvillea naked with terry bracts are especially elegant.

the Liana in the room

to All who became interested in bugenvilley, we recommend to grow up her houses. The plant is made multiple copies in the spring and in the summer top shanks of 10 - 15 cm long, cut from poluodrevesnevshy escapes. About two hours keep them in warm water, and then in a growth factor and only after that put to the humidified peat soil. For fast rooting they need the increased humidity of air and temperature of the soil the Page is not lower than 25 about . Through four - six weeks the taken roots shanks replace in the landless mix made of 4 parts of pine bark, 3 parts of peat and 2 parts of perlite.

the clay pot not less than 20 liters is necessary for

For an adult plant. That the plant plentifully blossomed, length of escapes should not exceed 50 cm. In the summer the flower is exposed on a balcony or in a garden under direct sunshine and once a week feed up full complex fertilizer. Skilled flower growers claim what bugenvilleya blossoms at rare watering and in closer ware better. During blossoming the bush is entirely covered bright “with flowers - small lamps“. After each blossoming young prirosta shorten half that causes formation of new lateral branches and flower kidneys. The bugenvillea of flowers has more on short escapes, than on long. That the plant branched, it is necessary to cut off branches to that place where they odrevesnet.

are Replaced by adult flowers each two or three years in a pot of the same volume. Big roots at change shorten on 3 - 5 cm

in the Winter bugenvilleya prefers the cool room. Water it seldom, but watch that the earth lump did not dry up completely. Informidably, if the flower dumps leaves: in the spring, being in the warm solar place, at regular watering it quickly will give a set of young escapes.