Rus Articles Journal

The Problem of violations of a warm rhythm remains to arrhythmia of heart

constantly actual - and however many the works devoted to this subject it was impossible to settle it. Violations of a warm rhythm daily meet in medical practice, the range of cardiac arrhythmias in the etiologichesky, clinical, diagnostic, predictive plan is extremely wide.

Cardiac arrhythmias can be revealed by

at the healthy person, and in these cases they have quite good-quality character, without being reflected though how many - nibud on quality of life. And at the same time violation of a warm rhythm - one of the most frequent and significant complications of absolutely different diseases. Arrhythmias quite often define the forecast for work and life. Violations of a warm rhythm even if they not really seriously break haemo dynamics, can be transferred by patients quite hard and change all style of their life.

of Arrhythmia can arise at structural changes in the carrying-out system at diseases of heart and (or) under the influence of vegetative, endocrine, electrolytic and other metabolic violations, at intoxications and some medicinal influences.

it is frequent even at the expressed structural changes in a myocardium arrhythmia is caused partly or generally metabolic violations. The listed above factors influence the main functions (automatism, conductivity) of all carrying-out system or its departments, cause electric heterogeneity of a myocardium, as leads to arrhythmia.

In some cases arrhythmias are caused by individual congenital anomalies of the carrying-out system. Expressiveness of an arhythmic syndrome can not correspond to weight of the main disease of heart. Arrhythmias are diagnosed mainly on an electrocardiogram.

the Majority of arrhythmias can be diagnosed and differentiated by

on clinical and electrocardiographic signs. The special electrophysiological research (an intra warm or intra esophageal elektrografiya with stimulation of departments of the carrying-out system) which is carried out in specialized cardiological institutions is occasionally necessary. Treatment of arrhythmias always includes treatment of the main disease and actually antiarhythmic actions.

What is arrhythmia? This violation of frequency, rhythm and sequence of reductions of departments of heart. The normal rhythm is provided with automatism of sinusovy knot and is called sinusovy.

the Warm rhythm arises in sinoatrialny (SA) knot. Originally excitement covers a myocardium right an auricle and through insignificant time (to 20 ms) - the left auricle.

Having captured auricles, the rhythm begins to be carried out on ventricles through atrioventricular (AV) knot. On Gis`s legs excitement takes place and involves the right and left ventricle in reduction.

by

Thus sets a rhythm of warm activity, and rhythmical reductions move blood on systems of big and small circles of blood circulation.

Therefore arrhythmia is understood by

as violation of synchronism in work of heart and frequency of a warm rhythm. whether

by

connected it with a heart disease? No, not always. Rather often, especially at young people, arrhythmia is not connected with a heart disease. Arrhythmias can arise under the influence of vegetative, endocrine, electrolytic and other metabolic violations, at intoxications and some medicinal influences.

In some cases arrhythmias can arise at structural changes in the carrying-out system of heart and at myocardium diseases.

What reasons of developing of arrhythmia? The listed above factors influence the main functions (automatism, conductivity) of all carrying-out system or its departments, cause electric instability of a myocardium, as leads to arrhythmia.

In some cases arrhythmias are caused by individual congenital anomalies of the carrying-out system.

What symptoms of arrhythmia? Rather big range of complaints arises at arrhythmias. In many cases they remain unnoticed, their identification is possible only at inspection.

In some cases the frequency of these or those symptoms, the most characteristic complaints depends on sharpness of a disease, expressiveness of changes of haemo dynamics and lasting diseases at the time of the address to the doctor.

What arrhythmia is dangerous by

? Arrhythmia passes in cases of overfatigue, a stress, intoxication and reception of some medicinal substances independently.

arrhythmia aggravates with

At structural diseases of a myocardium and the carrying-out system of heart conditions of heart and at the started forms of a disease can be in the lead in complaints of the patient.

What examinations are conducted by

? The majority of arrhythmias can be diagnosed and differentiated on clinical and electrocardiographic signs. The special electrophysiological research (an intra warm or intra esophageal elektrografiya with stimulation of departments of the carrying-out system) which is carried out in specialized cardiological institutions is occasionally necessary.

What treatment exists? Treatment of arrhythmias always includes treatment of the main disease and actually antiarhythmic actions.