The mumps or epidemic parotitis of
About this illness goes the mass of superstitions, prejudices and national conjectures. Like, if to smoke the diseased with a smoke, everything will pass. Or this illness practically guarantees infertility to the boy who had it. And it is terrible the fact that it almost always passes into meningitis. So it or not, let`s understand.
In - the first, why “mumps“? From - for “beauty“ which the illness directs at the patient: at it the face and a neck swell, shchelochka of eyes become very narrow - similarity with the grunting pretty girl, as they say, “on a face“. The doctor, having beheld a similar charm, will tell that it is epidemic parotitis. Both this valid disease heavy and fraught with consequences.to
In 1934 proved its virus nature and the virus - responsible is allocated. The virus of parotitis was the distant relative of a virus of flu.
Epidemic parotitis - one of the most widespread infectious diseases. The infection, as well as many others, vozdushno - is transmitted a drop way. The patient is infectious in the last days of the incubatory period
mainly salivary glands, endocrine and nervous systems. It quickly perishes in external environment, but at low temperatures is capable to remain a long time active. For this reason the peak of incidence is the share of fall and winter. Having got on mucous the top airways, almonds, the causative agent of parotitis breeds, gets into blood and is carried on all organism, collecting in salivary and gonads.the Illness begins
sharply. Temperature rises to
, but is not deadly. However the mumps is dangerous by the complications. Thank God, they arise seldom and generally at patients with defeat of TsNS.
Rather seldom develop orkhit, the epididymite, ooforit, mastitis, bartolinit, prostatitis and pancreatitis. Gonads are surprised extremely seldom if the patient - the adult or at children of advanced age (during puberty).
At an orkhita there is pain in the field of testicles which gives to a groin, sometimes there is pain on the course of a seed kanatik. The small egg increases in sizes, becomes dense, painful, the scrotum is edematous. Orkhit can develop as separately, and along with defeat of salivary glands. Infertility can become complication.
Pancreatitis proceeds benign more often. In hard cases is followed by severe pains in a stomach, vomiting, intestinal frustration, appetite decreases.
Defeat of TsNS at parotitis is shown by serous meningitis, in more hard cases an encephalomeningitis. After encephalitis, an encephalomeningitis paresis, paralyzes, and also damage of an inner ear can be observed that leads to deafness. Cases of an atrophy of an optic nerve are described. One consoles - it happens extremely seldom.
Treatment: patients with the parotitis proceeding benign and with a disease of average weight are treated in house conditions. Children with a severe form of an illness and all patients are subject to obligatory hospitalization at defeat of TsNS, at pancreatitis and an orkhita.by
After the postponed disease develops resistant immunity. Cases of a repeated disease are very rare, but nevertheless happen. Babies have the passive immunity (received from mother) to parotitis within the first 6 months of life.
the Most reliable way of prevention for adults - an inoculation a live vaccine.