Whether sand therapy in work with preschool children with features of development
Is such children`s game which will be able to harmonize a world picture, to put a barrier on the way of cruelty, will give feeling of a variety of the nature, will relieve of the internal conflicts and fears, will open concepts of the good and evil? Yes, there is such game! It all generations of the human race because there is on light nothing simpler and more available, more convenient were amused and are more diverse, is more live and more volume, than sand game.
the Idea of a sandbox is magnificent
as sand - that surprising natural material capable to transfer at the same time a lot of things: feeling of a variety of the nature, opportunities of the body and essence of life in general with its fluidity, surprise, a set of forms.investment of thought in the word - is difficult for
For many people, especially for children. However there is also a language of a mimicry, gesture capable to thinly express feelings or feelings. In drawing, plasticine the hand builds bridges between the internal and external worlds too. Then the internal image becomes visible in external creation. This principle is the basis for a technique of a sandbox.
the Main advantage of a sandbox that it allows the child or to the whole group of children really to create a world picture in live three-dimensional space, the chance to build the personal world, model of the microcosm gives, feeling it as the creator.Sand quite often affects with
children as a magnet. Before they manage to realize that they do, their hands begin to sift sand, to build tunnels, mountains etc. And if to add tiny figures, toys to it, then there is the whole world, dramas are played, and the child completely plunges into game.the principle of therapy by sand was offered to
still by K. G. Jung, the remarkable psychotherapist, the founder of analytical psychotherapy. Sand possesses property to pass water. In this regard experts claim that it absorbs negative mental energy, interaction with it clears power of the person, stabilizes an emotional state. Anyway, supervision and experience show that game in sand positively influences emotional health of children and adults, it does it by fine means for “care of soul“, - the term “psychotherapy“ is quite so translated.the Fundamental idea of sand therapy is formulated by
so: game with sand gives to the child an opportunity to get rid of psychological injuries by means of transferring outside, on the plane of a sandbox, imaginations and formation of feeling of communication and control over the internal motives. Establishment of connection with unconscious motives, especially with an egoism archetype, and their expression in a symbolical form considerably facilitate healthy functioning of mentality. The child in the course of sand game has an opportunity to express the deepest emotional experiences, he is exempted from fears, and endured does not develop in a mental trauma.
the Purpose of such therapy - not to change and change the child, not to teach it to any special behavioural skills, and to give it the chance to be oneself.
Game of the child - symbolical language for self-expression. Manipulating toys, it can show more adequately, than express in words as treats himself, significant adults, events in the life, surrounding.
Game of children can be estimated more fully if to recognize that it for them - a communication medium. Children express themselves in the spontaneous, initiated by them game more directly, than in words as in it they feel more conveniently. For children “to win back“ the experience and feelings - the most natural dynamic and improving activity in which they can be engaged. Game in sand gives an opportunity for resolution of conflicts and transfer of feelings. Toys arm the child with suitable means as they, no doubt, are part of that of Wednesday in which his self-expression can be carried out. It can express in free game what he wants to make. When he plays freely, but not on someone`s pointer, makes a number of independent actions. Feelings and installations which the child sometimes is afraid to express openly it is possible, without being afraid of anything, to project on the toy chosen by it at own discretion. Instead of expressing feelings and thoughts in words, the child can dig this or that toy in sand, strike, drown etc. Feelings of the child cannot often be expressed verbally.
of the Form and options of sand therapy are defined by features of the specific child, specific problems of work and its duration.Game methods can be applied by
- for the purpose of diagnostics;
- of rendering primary psychological assistance;
- in the course of short-term psychotherapy;
- of long-term psychotherapeutic influence.
In many cases as the leading method of correctional influence (as, for example, in the presence at the child of emotional and behavioural violations of neurotic character). In other cases - as the supportive application allowing to stimulate the child, to develop his sensomotorny skills, to lower an emotional pressure etc. It is often possible to use a sandbox as the psychopreventive, developing means.Application of sand therapy most is suitable
for work with children of preschool age. Especially preschool children with ZPR need such therapy. As the leading characteristics of such preschool children mark out weak emotional stability, violation of self-checking in all kinds of activity, aggression of behavior and its provocative character, difficulties of adaptation to children`s collective, fussiness, frequent change of mood, sensation of fear, a manernichanye, familiarity in relation to the adult. M. Vagnerova points to a large number of the reactions directed against the will of parents, frequent absence of the correct understanding of a social role and situation, pronounced difficulties in distinction of the major lines of the interpersonal relations. V. V. Lebedinsky notes special dependence of logic of development of children with ZPR from education conditions. E. S. Slepovich - problems in the sphere of social emotions: children are not ready to emotionally cordial relations with peers, at them emotional contacts with close adults can be broken, they poorly are guided in is moral - ethical standards of behavior. The specified features of children with ZPR create additional difficulties for diagnostic and correctional work with them.
it is frequent children with ZPR are at a loss in expression of the experiences from - for insufficient developments of the verbal device, poverty of representations. The offered equipment can be it very useful. The nonverbal expression with use of various objects, sand, water, and also constructive and plastic materials is most natural to them that it becomes especially significant in the presence at the child of certain speech violations. Each chosen figure embodies any character who can interact with other heroes. The child himself thinks out what they speak about or that is done; he can sometimes invite the psychologist to join game and to act on behalf of any character. In all these cases the child feels like the owner of the small world and is a director of the drama which is played on a sand leaf. What was concealed before in the depth of children`s soul comes to light; characters of game start moving, expressing the feelings, most actual for the child, and thought.Game on sand with figures is especially fruitful
in work with those children who cannot express the experiences in any way. Children with the underestimated self-assessment raised by uneasiness and shyness usually willingly choose figures and switch to them the attention. Children with unstable attention very expressivna; game gives them rich kinestetichesky feelings. Aggressive children easily choose the characters symbolizing “aggressor“ and his “victim“. The children who endured a mental trauma find for themselves such game very useful: she helps them to endure anew a traumatic event and, perhaps, to get rid of the related experiences. Use of this equipment with the children enduring a stress as a result of loss of close people or separation from them can be successful.
in the course of carrying out sand psychotherapy are allocated by three stages of game with sand: chaos, fight and resolution of conflict.the child is enough
For stages of “chaos“ a set of toys, randomly places them on a sand leaf, often mixes them with sand. Similar actions reflect existence of alarm, fear, confusion, insufficiently positive internal dynamics. Through “chaos“ there is gradual “accommodation“ of a psychoemotional state and release from it. Repeated repetition of the psychoinjuring situation allows to change the emotional attitude towards her. The stage of “chaos“ can borrow from one to several occupations. It is possible to notice how from a picture to a picture the quantity of the used figures decreases and the plot appears.
the Stage of “fight“ can be observed at difficult children. The internal conflicts are unconsciously transferred to a sand leaf: aggression, offenses, alarm, indispositions, real conflict relationship and so forth. Beings in a sandbox kill each other, there is a fight, war, a heavy antagonism. After a while there can be a hero or forces which bring order and restore justice.
At a stage of “resolution of conflict“ can observe more safe pictures: world, rest, return to natural occupations.
So, K. G. Jung claimed that process of “game in sand“ releases the blocked energy and “makes active the possibilities of self-healing put in human mentality“.
Game with sand cannot be interpreted. The psychologist has to carry out a role of the attentive viewer. The position of the psychologist is “active presence“, but not the management of process. Release of the suppressed energy: leads to its transformation that allows to aim the transformed energy at the development of the personality and further training.