Rus Articles Journal

Career philosophy. Part 1

As crisis refreshes a view of things

the Come economic recession caused disturbing moods in the environment of working and forced them to look at prospects of career development in a new way.

What changed? Still quite recently the average domestic clerk was confident in development of the career, that the salary has to and will raise, and work was, is and will be always. Vospitannyena to “Ekonomiksa“, managers sacredly were sure of identity of the concepts “self-realization“ and “career development“ respectively, the main vital objective of such person was reduced to promotion and acquisition of higher status.

the Alphabet of the capitalist relations demands such conviction - the worker from an educational bench accustom to calculate the actual and potential cost, without thinking of the opportunity to speak and think of personal development in humanitarian concepts.

the Market is the cornerstone of everything, so the market and there is life, they consider and with the head rush to build career. To achieve success! And what then? This question is postponed until a desired point when you are a chief, but not the subordinate and your opportunities though for a while overtook requirements.

At smoothly developing economic system this moment in human life came approximately by a retirement age. However our civilization moves with a speed of high technologies forward, and the modern successful person became much younger than the predecessor. It is very often possible to meet supersuccessful thirty-five-year-old managers and businessmen, “achieved everything“... and appeared at the moral deadlock.

the Habit to set tasks and by all means them a victory allows to solve

in adrenalinic competition for the place in hierarchy thanks to what the person to the middle of life can already find out that harmony and completeness at such way of life are lost.

Then the yesterday`s manager so actively starts realizing emotional potential and runs from the reached wellbeing to so-called downshifting, hobby for yoga or a role of the enfant terrible.

Career development ceases to excite interest in life and begins to be perceived as inevitable routine. Work - one, and the real life - another, he thinks. It is classical crisis of a goal-setting - or the conflict of means and purposes, speaking to sociological language. To admit that you were tired of career and want “simply to live“, in the middle age became a good form.

But here was burst by crisis, and adrenaline returned to a karyerostroitelstvo. It turned out that routine and boring circulation in office can come to an end at any time, habitual economic welfare appeared under a red question mark, and the people who already obtained usage to abuse ideals of middle class, in large quantities lost work and took seat to write the summary.

to go to work, risking to be dismissed or lowered, is not routine, but the concerning adventure any more. The concept “career“ stopped being a boring reality and again played paints of the period of initial accumulation of the capital.

All felt that to lose the status against the will - unpleasantly. But in that is continually that the idea of career assumes take-off and falling, and also a possibility of loss at peak what “achieved everything“ got used to forget about. The western model of society in which personal growth (and falling) the person are necessary incentive for development, assume periodic emissions tired on a roadside and their subsequent compelled autsayderstvo. It can be both purely economic (loss of money), and spiritual when money loses meaning. So crisis financial only bares common cultural, crisis of values and recurrence of economy. Also reminds that, having even constructed career, the person does not guarantee himself thereby the status in society and interest in life for all times and cases. And now those who lost or are afraid to lose the place, and those who handed over the career plans voluntarily in exchange for the investor`s life again with alarm think today of sense of career.

In this regard need to anew reconsider concept of career became essential to understand in what a dirty trick. Why the feeling of exinanition becomes a payment for personal growth, excess of a certain unknown figure successful leads a pit on one thousand population to crisis, and an opportunity to lose in the status frightens people irrespective of its quality and the quotation?

we Will begin

with definitions. The concept of career arose in the western liberal ideology. Capitalism - a nutrient medium of this individualistic ideology therefore career in its world assumes forward social encouragement of socially demanded activity.

In reorganization the word “career“ was necessary to ours - quite recently Soviet - to consciousness obviously just right. All recognized that if we decided to be successful and modern in the world of capitalism, and career should be built in the western, pragmatical sense and to be guided by life by the principle “Happiness - in success“ with a careful eye to achievements of economic culture of the West.

It is valid, there is no pit - concept western, but the phenomenon standing behind it universally, and such culture or the nation which people would not seek for execution of the ideas of vital success. People of different cultural values - the Hindu, inclined to passive contemplation, the pragmatic American and the fatalist - Russian - use concepts of success and career in the life.

So if thanks to crisis we are inclined to go deep into these concepts, let`s address experience of philosophy of different cultures and we will consider options of strategy of career at the different people and during different eras.

What was known by ancient Greeks?

Truth Is a Benefit of Stronger.
Trasimakh, the sophist

Idea of need to grow over itself and to confirm the importance in the opinion of society through the place taken in it appeared very long ago. In fact, a question of success are the transformed question of a possibility of happiness and self-realization among people. The ancient people were set by it long before our fast and focused on success era.

we Will begin with

our review of options of strategy traditionally - with ancient Greeks.

the Greek civilization, contrary to ordinary idea of beautiful Hellas, was very problematic. Ancient Greeks suffered a question of happiness, built strategy of its achievement and argued not less us. They were very much concerned by a superiority problem and as the culture of Ancient Greece was to a large extent public, public success, especially a victory in dispute for the ancient Greek, - a success synonym in general.

Popular teachers of wisdom - sofisty5 - taught Greeks that there is no truth, and there is only an opinion: your opinion on own place in the sun and opinion of others on you which should be able to be operated. The truth is a benefit of stronger, and success - only available to us, mortal, a type of happiness. It is possible to achieve success, only operating opinion of audience, therefore the one who is able to convince, the rights (there are no times of truth). So, the pit should build public, more precisely political, - and then recognition of society will not keep itself waiting.

It is strange, but the fact - the first strategy of a karyerostroitelstvo in the West belongs to the field of political science, and the rhetoric was the first method of achievement of success. It was obvious to sophists that in policy the desire to achieve the place and ability to give themselves is more important than practical professional skills of the person. It is known also to modern recruiters: skill to communicate, but not professionalism is estimated first of all even if the applicant places emphasis on experience and professional skills. The turn reaches qualification in the second turn, it is rather - already in the course of real work. So the career success in a profession often tells more about the general ability to give itself, but not about highly specialized professionalism of the person.

At sophistical idea of career of people inevitably falls into cynicism and considers others as a step for personal growth. However this strategy is repaid only at the beginning as cynical approach to career imposes restrictions for prospects of human height. Having won on interview and having pushed aside from the planned position of competitors thanks to a grasp and charm, further the person has to prove business the compliance to a position among colleagues and employees. If they are careerists too, then it has to be always ready to a dirty trick from more sophisticated opponent that distracts it from actually professional activity.

Other restriction of sophistical vision of career is in area of human contacts: from this point of view in partners you risk not to see the potential which directly now is not involved, and - readiness it is simple to help with colleagues properly. There is also a problem with motivation: having reached one level of success (material), the person does not seek to get on following (spiritual) as it has no internal hierarchy of values and the purposes. Generally, it is boring and it is unpromising to be the sophist.

As built career in the Middle Ages

further the western Christian focused civilization swept aside sophistical approach, having brought idea of self-increase of the person to the forefront. Activity began to be understood as a way to a nature spiritualizing including own. An essence of the person designated what turns out as a result of his life. And idea that are not born the person, and become, formed the basis of a picture of the Western world. The profession, a class, addictions, even family life began to be estimated from the point of view of prospects, but not in itself. The rhetorical moment receded, but instead of people received other complexity - his life began to be estimated according to the set scale, and discrepancy to the standard norms and values automatically branded it the outsider.

Since then and before Modern times in the 16th century the artist who is not using initial plots, the handicraftsman, the thought-up original tool, the scientist who reflected, but whether the Sun is in the center of the Universe, very much risked not only success, but also destiny. Dogmatism svoystven to any religious thinking, and the medieval relation to the opportunities as to what has to be authorized closed to people a number of opportunities of development. Because as a result only belonging to shop, guild or an award guaranteed at that time career development.

Transition from one group to another, change of sphere of activity and freedom in choice of profession became discovery of the western culture of an era of liberalization - in of the XVII-XIX centuries But also this achievement had the price. The matter is that Catholics considered ways of God inscrutable, considered that nobody knows the destiny, so, the person the affairs can bring closer or postpone desirable rescue. The religious revolution which led to emergence of Protestantism and its especially strict direction - Calvinism, closed a paradoxical image many opportunities which were available before and freedoms of people. The ideology of Protestantism designated possible prospects of the person as something strictly regulated from above and considered sinful the easy relation to work and game strategy of life and career, as shown in the well-known research of M. Weber “Protestant ethics and spirit of capitalism“.

“Protestant“ career

If God Presents Someone from the Elects Chance for Receiving Profit, then the Believing Christian Has to Follow This Instruction From Above, Use Predo Stavlenny to It an Opportunity.
M. Weber

According to the doctrine of Calvinism, each person is born already died or rescued, and whatever way it chose - it does not matter. Righteous persons a little will not become any more, work is given to the person in punishment for an original sin, life is the field of burdens and sufferings.

And God marks out righteous persons special line - economic success, easy career and enhancement of wealth. So there was a cult of the successful businessman who is marked out from above.


On Protestant ethics constructed the American culture including business. The inscription on dollar says:“ We believe in God“. The rich person is pleasing to God - such is paradox of Protestant ethics. The sinner, how many work, will not achieve success that does not cancel at all need to get the bread by the sweat of the brow.

the Protestant cult of success has a source dream of a bogoizbrannost - religiousness about which further it is accepted to forget so works. This quite gloomy view of things, surprisingly creates prerequisites of emergence of capitalism, that is system within which work becomes a resource, and money - the main equivalent of happiness.

Modern idea of career as about advance on steps of public approval belongs to

to capitalist system of values. The person is obliged to work anyway, but there are ways to make the work more successful and to turn it into base for potential rest - so there is a prototype of “pension“, an ideal capitalist of the conceiving person - the investor`s life. Successful career is reduced to achievement of the status, necessary for receipt of dividends, - to work hard and it is heavy that since any moment not to work in general.

It is recognizable, isn`t it? But at such relation to own potential of people risks to get to that conflict of means and purposes about which there was a speech in the beginning. Let`s say the person from a school bench is focused on social success, more precisely, on its valid equivalent - economic wellbeing. Consistently setting and solving career problems, it by thirty five years has a position, money and freedom not to go to work. But it does not guarantee pleasure of life.

Moreover, once it ceases to do career, life is devastated if the person just is not able nothing else. Then he tries to learn to have a rest according to the same scheme according to which he learned to earn, - and... the depression is provided. Trying to find itself in hobbies and rest, it also does not depart from business, and does not find freedom. It is very often possible to see how successful and people full of strength with a big share of gravity are fond of east practicians, go to ashrams, build mansions on the fan - Shuya and meditate at own lake, remaining at the same time unsatisfied with themselves and life.


it is promoted and bothered, to have a rest and just to live, without striving for success, it is impossible. It is thought, a problem here in the statement of a question. The person, working and having a rest mechanically, as if drinks to get drunk, and loses pleasure from the process, and then asks - when it is good? The creative relation to life about which it is told so much is postponed until the best times when it is promoted and success is achieved. Then search of the lost sense begin in other, non-business areas of life. East person will ask: and why not to build creatively career why not to derive pleasure from the process? Really, the Russian successful and unhappy person will agree, will rush back in a whirlpool of economic competition - and again will not receive the desirable.

Why? A difficult question, but it is possible to assume what put, in particular, in extreneity to our mentality of the idea of a money equivalent of happiness. In total - the Russian culture not Protestant therefore also the western business ethics get accustomed at us hardly. It is possible to believe in capitalist values and even to achieve success, bigger, than their radical carrier, but it is impossible to be satisfied with the investor`s ideal. And having often promoted more promptly and more surely, than the western competitor, the Russian expert meets a problem: for what all this?

Having made a start from the West, the answer to a question of meaning of life often look for in the east. Well, we will look there and we.

the East is huge, many-sided

, has the systems of values and strategy of a karyerostroitelstvo of centuries-old endurance. Let`s not consider the Muslim world because from the point of view of career it absolutely aboutsoby civilization, though with the developed and ancient business culture. Let`s look at more Europeanized models.

our most east neighbors are Chinese, Koreans and Japanese are the most disciplined workers in the world. The stunning rates of personal growth, congenital commitment to corporate spirit yes a lot of things still, causing admiration and directly - envy of our person.

B than reason of such success of Asian business culture? The matter is that the western capitalist concept “career“ is organically carried out in east world thanks to its traditional values and the philosophical principles. In the east there is a set of the different concepts capable to become the base of successful career - the Confucian principle of Xiao (honoring of seniors), the Japanese principle of devotion to the House (clan and family business), a Taoist ideal of not act or the Indian idea of the Law - the Dharma which operates both stars, and trade in pots.