Rus Articles Journal

How to dress the child that he did not freeze, or From where undertake to dress colds of

of the child Today - not a problem, the range grows and spreads in the eyes. A problem in exile of mistrust to any clothes. The mistrust multiplied by suspiciousness works wonders: constantly something seems to mothers, and even it does not seem to grandmothers, they are absolutely sure that the synthetic rag under the name, for example, cannot heat “reym“ by definition. And if to put on hundred fifty hebeshny layers the child (because “presently everything was natural, and children did not freeze!“ ), business will be in a hat. Let`s approach a question of freezing from especially scientific point of view. Strangely enough, not to overcool, it is necessary to put on not too warmly. The clothes have to be warm, and at the same time pass air.

Several simple truth

  1. Being going to the street, at first always put on, and then dress the child.
  2. For exits in shop use separate overalls (set) that the child could take off a jacket. Take off also a cap with a scarf. The type of children in the shops dressed in overalls, a cap and a hood causes panic.
  3. both cooling, and an overheat are equally harmful to
  4. To health of the child.
  5. is Heated by not multilayered clothes, and correctly picked up clothes. Heats not a heater, and cavities between heater fibers (therefore many winter overalls very easy).
  6. the Children`s organism on the of the anatomist - to physiological features significantly differs in
  7. from the adult`s organism. To inadmissibly compare the feelings to feelings of the child: to it not the same as to you. Your immunity, we will directly speak, it is broken by the wrong food, a sleep debt, at someone - smoking, all these factors directly influence frost resistance.
  8. to Define
  9. whether the child froze it is possible on a nose bridge, to a neck and skin is higher a foot and hands.
  10. Rosy cheeks and a nose - a sign of health and excellent pastime, but not freezing. Blood has to flow to the person that it did not freeze.

How to dress the child in the winter that was not excruciatingly painful?

Council “is one layer more than

, than itself“ remains far in the past. Today for children let out rather hi-tech overalls - where the adult needs a sweater, the child whistles in a thin polo-neck. And materials for “the second layer“ are used others. For example, fleece is an artificial wool, according to the characteristics it is equal to it, but on weight it is much lighter. Many firms let out submaidens, these are overalls or sets from fleece or wool, submaidens replace traditional warm suits: they perfectly heat and do not get out of a shape after washings.

the Woolen hat can replace

with a cap from double fleece. Caps with synthetic heaters (isosoftware, tinsuleyt) - and the woolen helmets allowing not to use a scarf came to replacement with fur. Some helmets are in addition warmed. A thin woolen helmet is allowed to be carried without hood up to the temperature − 10, excepting days with the penetrating wind.

by results of poll Skiki, Kerry, Reima are considered as

as the most convenient helmets.

producers release

for the aid to the freezing handles waterproof mittens - gaiters, it is analog of sports mittens. Mittens - gaiters have the extended cuff on a flypaper or a lightning. The cuff stretches on a sleeve - or hides under it. These mittens are warmed by a sheepskin, tinsuleyty or other filler. It is important that nepromokayka were soft, not “oak“, otherwise the child will just refuse to carry them.

the Most convenient mittens are called by nepromokayka of Fairy Tale, Reima, O`Hara.

Here the approximate scheme how to dress the child at different temperature conditions

As usual, all very individually, and this scheme it is impossible to consider as the ultimate truth. There is such concept as “individual comfort“ therefore anyway it is necessary to look on the child.

+5 / - 5 the T-shirt with a long sleeve, overalls membrane or a synthetic winterizer, winter footwear on tights, woolen mittens or gloves, a hat from wool or mixed with acryle.

- 5 / - 10 Underwear (for a membrane - with synthetics) or a layered clothing, a thin polo-neck, overalls with a filler from polyester (isosoftware, a hollofayber and so forth) or membrane, winter footwear on tights (if footwear membrane, tights have to be mixed), a hat woolen, woolen mittens or gaiters.

- 10 / - 15 Underwear or a layered clothing, a suit from fleece or wool, overalls with a filler from polyester or down. The hood is put on in case of strong wind. Waterproof mittens or woolen with fur. Winter footwear - valenoks on a woolen sock or winter boots with a sock from wool or a thermosock.

- 15 / - 25 the Same, as in the previous paragraph, walks are limited on time: no more than an hour on windless weather, no more than half an hour at wind. If you like to take a walk in a frost, surely buy the child a complete set of a layered clothing, including socks and mittens, then it is possible to increase duration of walks a little.

That such layered clothing?

is the linen intended for saving of heat and the best removal of moisture.

the air which is Contained in fabric, adjoining to a body, heats up to comfortable temperature. The protective layer from warm air between skin and the cold street is created. It is known that natural fabrics absorb body moisture which is emitted, even when the person costs. That to heat it and to remove outside, the heap of energy is spent - during this time the child will manage to freeze. The layered clothing allows to accelerate this process repeatedly. It can be made of polyester, polypropylene, fleece, a polartek (thin high-quality fleece) of wool, cotton or their combination. Also special fabrics thermolight and termolayf, it the patented names of synthetic fibers are used.


Choosing a layered clothing, consider what of its functions is more important for you!

One models of a layered clothing are calculated by

on intensive removal of moisture, but at the same time almost do not heat, others on the contrary, perfectly heat, and here take away moisture badly. The layered clothing containing not less than 40% of natural fabrics will be suitable for passive walks (the kid spends in a carriage much time). For active - impurity of synthetics has to be overwhelming. The layered clothing is used only for walks! In the child it is necessary to change clothes for something natural.

How to carry? On a naked body. Keep in mind: if the child very active, linen with wool can negatively affect skin, up to an allergy.

Leaving: washing at a temperature is not higher + 40C with soap or laundry detergent. It is possible to do it manually or in the washing machine on the “careful“ mode of washing with addition of a conditioner and without extraction.

the Layered clothing for passive (the carriage or a carriage + is a little walking) walks: Guahoo Guahoo Comfort Middle, Guahoo Comfort Light Kids, Guahoo Comfort Heavy Kids, KID ′ S EXPEDITION.

the Layered clothing for active walks: Guahoo Guahoo Outdoor Middle, Guahoo Guahoo Comfort Heavy, Accapi Junior, DaKine Mid Weight Kids, Craft Basic Kids, Norveg Kids, Kid “s Lightweight LS Crew. Kid“ s Lightweight Bottom, Reima.

Digression to physiology

All know that colds happen from overcoolings or an overheat - and the subsequent overcooling.

When the person since the childhood is accustomed to cold as to norm, but not dangers, its organism harmoniously reacts to low temperatures. When cooling blood flows to bodies, is diligent them “warming up“, protective forces become more active. On the street skin becomes cold - it just casts blood to rescue internals. But if it is very cold moreover and the person does not move - blood “stiffens“, the organism becomes vulnerable. Morals: be not afraid of a hardening. Be not afraid of cold floors - let the child go barefoot (not “suddenly“, of course, and gradually). Open in the winter of a window leaf. Pour over the child cool water after each bathing. Myths about “a cold floor“ and “terrible drafts“ are the most part only myths. The organism has to understand that cold - it is normal, but not “ah“. If the person since the birth was accustomed to difference of temperatures, when cooling blood will remain, roughly saying where it was, having kept hands, legs and a face - warm, but will not begin to panic and will not escape to rescue other bodies, submitting to a nervous tension.

Outerwear for winter is selected with special care: the child should not freeze. In addition we connect reason: in excessively thick clothes the child can sweat and quickly overcool. Harmfully too warmly to wrap up the head and the child`s neck. On a neck there pass big blood vessels - arteries and veins. From excess heat they extend, to a neck and the head more blood inflows, but this inflow comes due to its outflow from legs, hands and internals. The overheat of one part of a body, and cooling of others is extremely harmful. Children to whom constantly excessively wrap up a neck warm scarfs have quinsies, flu more often.

From here morals: warmly we distribute evenly that one part of a body did not overheat more than others. Experts strongly recommend not to put on to the child a hood a woolen hat if on the street there is no strong cold wind. The head of the child seems to mothers especially unprotected. A woolen cap at a temperature to − 10 (without strong wind) quite is enough for heating. The hood creates greenhouse effect: to overheat the head very harmfully.

Even in hard frosts anyway do not close

to the child a scarf or a scarf of companies!

the Nature disposed of

so that the child breathes normally at any cold. If to it to close a mouth, air will be moistened, it leads to colds. Before an exit clean to the child a nose - and everything will be good.

suffer from

of the Leg and a hand in winter walks the first. The muscular massif which helps to preserve heat in these parts of a body is insignificant. There is no hypodermic fatty tissue, but there is a skin surface, big on the area, giving heat. Legs and hands normal should not be warm, only cool (is slightly lower than room temperature), it means normal thermal control.

we Will listen to the famous doctor Evgeny Komarovsky:

“Temperature of a leg is the temperature of skin! If the leg warm it means in skin an active blood-groove, i.e. the cold leg is an angiospasm of skin - the adaptive mechanism in order that there were no losses of heat. If vessels do not train, then this spasm at influence of cold arises slowly and the child overcools. dityu (on the future) the got wet legs of danger will not present to yours. By the way, about popular wisdom. If to take everything on trust, and from this position to look at the phrase “Keep the head in cold, and legs in the warm“ - take an interest at the grandmother whether correctly you according to popular wisdom arrive if you walk without cap in the winter?“


of Walk on a frost not only improving effect, but also the return. At air temperature below − 15 decreases fagotsitoz, that is cages of an organism do not suppress various bacteria and viruses. If the child had an insignificant sore before or picked up it on the road, or then picked up at school of development or kindergarten, he has every chance to ache strongly. In other time the organism would reflect attack, but after a frost immunity significantly falls. And for a short time.

Doctor`s advice of the highest category of Alexander Merkulovsky:


“It is very useful for 4 - 5 time in day to pour over hands and legs cold water. Blood flows to internals, adding cages new portions of oxygen and nutrients. Cold bathtubs promote increase in amount of hemoglobin, erythrocytes and leukocytes. Respectively immunity increases. To be protected from cold, there is an effective preventive cunning: try for 15 - 20 minutes before coming to walk to cold air, to give to the child several drinks of water of room temperature. During this time the organism will be prepared for the forthcoming temperature jump - all - at us in a throat +37 ° and water of room temperature about +20 °. And drink too“.

the Allergy to cold

cold In itself is not allergen because the allergy is a reaction to alien protein. At some people at an exit to a frost own proteins form structure which the protective system of an organism mistakenly takes for others - as though allergen intruded. Also the allergy to cold can be shown in the form of incessant chronic tonsillitis (an inflammation of almonds). Our limfosistema always guards, protecting an organism from microbes and bacteria. If immunity since the birth is weakened (the reasons - the complicated pregnancy, artificial feeding and so forth) she does not cope with all blows and itself becomes the reason of diseases. The same exit - the child needs to be tempered, but not to preserve. Without habit to cold of an illness will only be aggravated. Mother needs to clean urgently the head from evil thoughts which inevitably appear against constant diseases of the child. To be adjusted on new life - it is necessary for the child, first of all, at him mental communication with mother is very strong. If mother is afraid to bring the child in cold, he perfectly feels her tension - and its organism is afraid even more. At skin rashes (owing to an allergy to cold) it is necessary to watch still houses that “skin“ immunity did not get off: to moisten skin after bathing, not to use soap (better special cosmetics for dry skin). To use nutritious fat cream at an exit to the street, greasing not only a face, but also hands.

How to put on at an allergy to cold? the Child has to be “completely packed“: the overalls close a throat, on sleeves and trouser-legs adjustable valves, mittens - the nepromokayka excluding a namokaniye and cooling of hands.

Children`s cosmetics from a frost

Use of creams from a frost is not need. To the child lying in the closed carriage, cream from a frost is not necessary even if you periodically pull out it outside. It is possible to apply cream if the child has a sensitive skin, and cheeks very quickly become crimson, weather-beaten. It is impossible to use usual children`s cream - it contains water, it will freeze on cold. Only fat nutritious cream. Surely look for instructions on age that cream did not contain fragrances. With diathesis (dry cheeks, rash) of walk on cold are exclusively useful to the child, in this case especially cream is not necessary, but only in case an allergy definitely not on cold.

Creams from frosts release

Our Mother firms, B ü bchen, JOHNSON`S BABY, Avent, etc.

of Walk with the newborn and the baby: the winter child

If your kid was born

in the winter, duration of the first walk has to be no more 15 - ti minutes. When it is possible to go outside? It depends on a condition of the kid if he was born healthy, we walk in a week after the birth. The child has to not just get used to the street: he gets used to a carriage, difference of temperatures and just to separation from mother. Gradually walk is increased till two o`clock in day at air temperature to − 10 degrees. At lower temperatures it is possible to leave for an hour - or to sleep on a balcony. The winter carriage is good protection against wind: not to a perekutyvayta of the child, do not dress a hood without need, the overheat of the head conducts to neurologic problems. The hood cannot be useful to the child in a winter carriage at any temperature behind a board. Surely lower a carriage hood for some time that the child received a vitamin D charge: the sun is always, it shines also through clouds. For short walks use a baby sling or a kangaroo. The child in a baby sling can be dressed easier, it is heated about mother. The child who is pressed to mother cannot freeze, it is ancient truth. Clothes tothe lzhna to be natural, the child to a year and a half of years does not need a membrane, so also synthetics will not be required (an exception - fleece). The child till 3 months can walk to minus 15 degrees.

of Walk in time and after diseases

How to put on on walks if the child is sick? Not to perekutyvat at all! To dress as well as usually. Usually to it it was warm? And in the presence of “sore“ it will be warm too, and here the child cannot sweat categorically.

of the Quote from the book of doctor Komarovsky (information is taken from the website komarovskiy. net).

At sharp respiratory infections (virus or bacterial) the sick child can constitute epidemiological danger to people around. From there are two especially important questions: we are infectious or not and if yes, that we contact on walk to other children (people) or not. It is clear, that the forester`s son Petya can walk when necessary, and the engineer`s daughter Natasha having a great number of friends in the yard is temporarily exempted from walks, or walks early in the morning, late at night or to a sandbox is not admitted. But we will return to a condition of the child. The paradox is that practically it is impossible to answer one question unambiguously. Let`s take, for example, the statement:“ it is impossible to walk at high temperature of a body“. It would seem: what here to argue? It is impossible. But if on the street summer, in the house +40 ° With, and in a shadow under an oak +25 ° With - where it will be better? Nevertheless, at negative ambient temperature it makes sense to walk if body temperature normal.

Should notice

that in absolute majority of situations the festivities are not end in itself, not a whim of the child, not “entertainment“ of mother and not the doubtful recommendation of the doctor. Gulyanye is and there is a treatment! Treatment, first of all, at a recovery stage, capable recovery it is noticeable to intensify. Ascertaining of the fact that the festivities accelerate recovery does not need special comments. Fresh air - that else it is necessary to put airways in order! But there is one moment demanding a detailed explanation. The matter is that at inhalation of cool (cold) air, blood supply of a mucous membrane of bronchial tubes considerably amplifies, work of sekretorny glands is sped up, the phlegm is humidified. If during festivities the child had (or amplified) a damp cough which in the house was not (or it was slightly expressed), then it very much (!!!) the positive sign demonstrating that the child has a real chance to cough up the slime which collected in airways. At many diseases which are followed by the increased education in slime airways (whooping cough, a croup, obstructive bronchitis), clean cool air is more important factor in treatment, than all drugs, combined. But another is even more important: cool air - an effective way of rendering the urgent help at any problems with health which are characterized by the complaint “to pant“.

of Walk on a balcony

On a balcony do not walk - there sleep.

the Aspiration as often as possible to bring the child to fresh air even in a dream is purely national tradition. But why is also not present. Walk on a balcony does not replace street, the child does not receive communication with the outside world. Do not forget that the outside world is perceived not only through eyes: the child in the sleep hears sounds, it is very favorable for development and strengthening of nervous system. On a balcony there are no differences of temperatures, very poorly train mucous, air less damp, immunity does not become stronger. But in principle in these walks there is nothing bad, just they cannot be done by tradition - to use only under the aggravating circumstances (a frost lower − 15, mother`s indisposition, and so forth) Many are frightened by the radiation fact from the house: the pier, microwaves from electric devices run out outside and stream on walls. It turns out that it is impossible to live in the apartment especially, there from microwaves there is no place to get to at all. And on the street - the same microwaves + exhaust gases. Result: fully it is possible to walk only in parks, all other options - not alternative, but a compulsory measure. In the winter sometimes there are strong fogs, especially in the morning. In case of fog you do not leave to walk since morning - it beats exhausts to the earth, it is better to be limited to a “balcony“ dream.

Air temperature on a balcony (without heating) differs in

from street by +10 degrees, when heating a balcony - on +20. If on the street − 15, on a balcony will be all − 5 even at an open shutter. At the door opened to the room temperature still will increase. Therefore the child can sleep in a thin jacket under overalls, the hood at a carriage needs to be lowered to provide an air flow.