Rus Articles Journal

The poinsettia - the Christmas star of

the Poinsettia (an euphorbia the finely or the Christmas star) is nearly two centuries the most popular house plant for Christmas and New year. Emergence of the house of the dismissed poinsettia means that there come the most favourite and long-awaited winter holidays! How to keep a poinsettia until the end of holidays and... till the following Christmas?

the Poinsettia the finely, or an euphorbia the finely (Poinsettia pulcherrima, Euphorbia pulcherrima) - a bush from family molochayny which naturally grows in Mexico. If to pull down a leaf of a poinsettia, then white juice which can cause irritation of skin and an allergy will be emitted. The well-known smart “Christmas“ type of a poinsettia is given by bracts - large contrast leaves on the top of escapes of the current year. These leaves in habitat - it is bright - red. However for numerous years of selection grades with pink, yellow, peach, cream bracts and even spotty versions were removed. Charming bracts keep on a plant only a few weeks. Flowers of a poinsettia - ordinary-looking, small, zheltovato - greenish.

the Charming Christmas plant has long history. Aztecs are the first judges of a poinsettia (they called cuetlaxochitl plant), used its red bracts for getting of natural dye for cosmetics and fabrics, and its white juice - for treatment. Residents of the USA learned an euphorbia finest thanks to J. R. Poynsett`s (J. R. Poinsett) (1779 - 1851) efforts - the doctor and the botanist whom the president Madison appointed the first American ambassador in Mexico. Poynsetta was the real passion, however, not policy, but botany and a plant at all. Having for the first time seen an euphorbia the finely in bloom in Mexico in 1828, right there sent to Poynsett several samples to the greenhouses in Greenville (South Carolina) where began to make multiple copies a plant later and to dispatch samples in botanical gardens. To 1830 - x years the plant got to commercial production and became soon popular under a name of “pioneer“ of poinsettia (the name was included into Russian as a poinsettia). From America tradition to buy a poinsettia and to decorate with it houses for Christmas moved to Europe.

poinsettias can Grow naturally in gardens only in the South, in hot and dry places. Poinsettias do not take out temperature lower than +10 - 15 º C. They need quite large amount of water in the spring and in the summer, but in the fall and in the winter watering has to be minimum. Poinsettias also do not take out drafts and change of temperatures. That the plant could blossom, it needs the conditions similar with natural during blossoming: long dark nights and short days. Now in many countries successfully grow up a poinsettia in special greenhouses for deliveries to domestic market. Grown up in more similar with local conditions, poinsettias are considered as more hardy to changes of temperatures and less whimsical.

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to keep the bought poinsettia in its most charming look as long as possible, deliver it on a solar window, provide constant air temperature about 20 º With day and not lower than 16 º With a night, also support soil in the humidified state. Exclude drafts and any influence of cold (for example, a touch of leaves to a cold windowpane), the plant is very vulnerable and easily dumps leaves at the first signs of the slightest discomfort.

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As to create for a poinsettia the conditions close to conditions of its natural growth, absolutely not easy, much easier simply to buy a poinsettia in a butonization stage every year in December and to throw out it in January after its blossoming ends and will fly about fine bright bracts. If all of you solve (for the sake of interest or for economy of means) to try to keep an exacting poinsettia till next year, then here is how it is necessary to make it.

After the end of blossoming of a branch of a poinsettia should be truncated half, to place a plant in the dry room with air temperature not below than +10 - 15 degrees on several weeks and to water very seldom. In May branches should be cut off once again, having left only about 15 cm from earth level, to replace a plant in a pot, bigger by the size, to move in the warm solar room and to provide it regular watering. Soon on a plant new escapes will begin to appear. It is necessary to leave only 5 - 6 the strongest, and to remove the others (they can be used as shanks for reproduction of a plant). After the beginning of active growth the plant needs to be fertilized regularly during the summer. You watch that stalks did not grow too long and naked. If it occurs, then it is possible to truncate a few once again escapes to make a poinsettia of more magnificent.

to create to a plant the conditions close to natural, since early fall within two and a half months a poinsettia it is necessary to cover for the night with black opaque polyethylene that the plant spent about 14 hours daily in complete darkness. Short light day - necessary conditions for coloring of bracts and a zatsvetaniye of a poinsettia. At the beginning of December on your poinsettia buds have to appear. You can put it on a solar window and if you made everything correctly and to you good luck accompanied, by Christmas your poinsettia will blossom.

For reproduction of a poinsettia shanks about 10 cm long at the beginning of summer should be landed in separate containers for a prorashchivaniye at a constant temperature not lower than +18 - 21 º Page. Ideally, the soil for shanks of a poinsettia has to contain sheet humus, sand and dry manure. After rooting of shanks temperature of their contents should not fall lower than +16 º S. K young plants can be replaced of fall in pots with a diameter of of 18 - 20 cm young plants will be able to Take a magnificent “Christmas“ form only the next year.

With the dismissed poinsettia the magic holiday of Christmas enters our houses... The charming poinsettia located in a suitable cache-pot in a visible place in a drawing room, the hall or the dining room, undoubtedly will become the center of attention to winter holidays.