Rus Articles Journal

For aroma, fortress and taste of

As the line dividing light and shade is unsteady. Not everything in alcohol is bad, the main thing - to observe “a gold measure“ of drink. According to the doctor and the philosopher Paracelsus, only the measure defines, to be to substance harmful or useful. Let`s talk about the plants used for giving of aroma, fortress and taste to traditionally Russian tinctures.

“Erofeich“ - so were called traditionally Russian tinctures on herbs and spices without sugar addition. It agrees one of historical versions, the origin of this name is connected with a name of the barber Erofeich living in the 18th century which cured similar drink of the count Alexey Orlov of a serious illness of a stomach (allegedly - gastritis with the increased acidity) and acquired the right to make tinctures for sale.

Taste, aroma and partly color of tinctures depend on flavoring and aromatic properties of those plants and spices on which alcohol is drawn.

One of the most known “vodka“ plants long since applied and in medicine, - a silverweed upright, or Kalgan. It is easy to find a plant on crude meadows, on coast of ditches, on glades in the wood by all European part of Russia and in Western Siberia. Quite often it meets on edge of sfagnumovy bogs where the rhizome lies at a depth of of 20 - 25 cm

the Silverweed - perennial with very thin stalks branching in the top part. At the basis of stalks there is a small, early dying-off socket of leaves. Flowers yellow, single. The whole summer blossoms.

as raw materials use a silverweed rhizome. Just dug out, it on a break is pale - pink with a pleasant smell and differs in the high content of tannins. The dried-up rhizome firm, it it is difficult to crush - it is necessary to prick the hammer as walnuts.

Prepare Kalgan generally in the summer as it is difficult to find its thin stalks among other grass in the fall. The rhizome is dug out, cleared, washed and dried in a shadow. For preparation of tincture split up and add no more than 1,5 teaspoons on 0,5 liters of vodka. At a bigger dosage taste will not improve, and the high content of tannins can affect mucous membranes of a stomach and intestines - release of digestive juice will sharply be weakened, and digestion of food will be at a loss.

Spirit tincture of Kalgan can use

as a good disinfectant instead of iodine. It is suitable for rinsings of an oral cavity at quinsy and a toothache, and also at periodontosis and other inflammatory diseases.

Other plant - an ordinary-looking grass a zubrovka fragrant, its vodka tincture and is called “Zubrovka“.

Zubrovk`s

fragrant - perennial of 25 - 70 cm high. Leaves wide, rigid, upright, with a cutting edge. Escapes - two types: vegetative, with slightly rough leaves and blossoming in which top part is 4 - 5 bunches of short horizontal branches with large three-floral cones. After blossoming of a branch rise up and remind a millet whisk. The zubrovka in April - May blossoms, seeds fall down only at the end of fall or in the winter. Remained at seeds of scales sails play a role, and seeds slide on a snow surface, being settled on new places.

the Plant can be met by

in the European part of Russia, in the Caucasus, across all Siberia, on Kamchatka. Grows on water meadows, in the rarefied woods, on glades. Loves light and in suitable conditions quickly forms dense rigid thickets. Contains a large amount of benzopyrone, when drying gets a strong smell of fresh hay. In medicine the zubrovka is known as the means used at gastric diseases, tuberculosis, fever. Do lotions at badly healing wounds and fungal diseases of skin of it.

At preparation of house tincture consider a strong smell of a grass therefore put no more than one leaf on a floor - a liter bottle of vodka. In 10 days tincture is ready. Its color zelenovato - yellow, taste slightly burning, with aroma of a grass of a zubrovka. For mitigation of taste add a small amount of sugar (1 - 2 teaspoons on 0,5 l).

the structure of Vermouths and vodka, food essences with a hay smell, in particular soft drink drink, includes one more “vodka“ plant - a fragrant cone.

this plant on meadows, in the rare woods and on glades, on sand and a galechnik near the rivers Meets. Forms small thickets, but unlike a zubrovka is not evident: to find a fragrant cone, it is necessary to popolzat fairly. Bushes dense, with short wide leaves. The cone of 2 - 4 cm long and quite wide, consists of short branches with long floral cheshuyam therefore it seems shaggy. Blossoms in May - June, fructifies in July - August. Prepare a grass during blossoming. Just as the zubrovka, when drying it smells of benzopyrone, but is more gentle.

In house conditions at preparation of tincture on a floor - a liter bottle of vodka have enough 3 - 4 branches of a fragrant cone.

this plant is used by

In medicine as the calming and expectorant means, and also at dizzinesses, a headache, nausea, at upper respiratory tract infections, tuberculosis and as diuretic.

Not the last role among the plants used for preparation of tinctures is allocated by

for an ordinary oak - an oak chereshchaty.

vodka Tincture on young oak bark - one of the oldest and known tinctures, call it “cognac“. For house preparation take young bark of thin branches (is not more senior than three years) an oak. Bring together her in June and dry in a shadow. On 2,5 liters of vodka tablespoons of already crushed bark, 2 teaspoons of burned sugar, vanillin on a knife tip, a nutmeg (about 1/5 nut), 2 pieces of a carnation are required for 2 - 3 . (It is careful with vanillin and a carnation: at overdose “cologne“ can turn out.)

In medicine broth of bark of an oak is used as astringent at ponosa, skin diseases, quinsy, long not healing wounds.

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Widely use for preparation of bitters of a plant the St. John`s Wort which is made a hole, or ordinary, and a St. John`s Wort spotty, or tetrahedral.

the St. John`s Wort which is made a hole - perennial with dihedral stalks, above branchy, from 30 cm to 1 m high. It as if the “shining“ bushes are well noticeable in meadow herbage. If to look at any leaf on light, in it transparent “holes“ and dark round specks are well visible. Flowers at a St. John`s Wort yellow, with five petals, are collected in top inflorescences. Chashelistiki narrow, with black points or hyphens. Fruits - the oblong boxes cracking lengthways on two halves.

the Plant is widespread by

on all Europe, in Central and Asia Minor. Grows in forest and forest-steppe zones. Once was the most usual plant and in Moscow area, now almost everywhere disappeared. Unfortunately, the same destiny waits also for a St. John`s Wort spotty. Usually they grow at a row, but there is no St. John`s Wort spotty in Moldova, lower reaches of Volga and Don, Black Sea Coast and in the Crimea. Ordinary the St. John`s Wort spotty differs from a St. John`s Wort in larger leaves, and its stalk on a section has four sides as a match. Other characteristic of this look - absence in leaves of “holes“, however black specks in them is. The St. John`s Wort spotty before the St. John`s Wort which is made a hole for two weeks blossoms.

of the Top of stalks of a St. John`s Wort is cut off at the beginning of blossoming when the most part of flowers did not blossom yet. When collecting leave 2/3 plants, otherwise branches badly grow again.

the St. John`s Wort contains essential oil and resinous substances. Juice and spirit extraction from it increase sensitivity of skin to action of a sunlight therefore in the summer a St. John`s Wort, in particular its tinctures, apply with care: after the use it is possible to get solar burns.

In the alcoholic beverage industry in the St. John`s Wort bitters is used not only a St. John`s Wort, but also the tributary medicinal and a marjoram ordinary. At tincture light-brown color, bitterish taste and aroma of a St. John`s Wort. it is simple to p to prepare for

of the House the balm which received the name “Old Giving“. On 0,5 l of vodka 1 - 2 will need big branches of a St. John`s Wort and a marjoram. Add 0,5 glasses of syrup from raspberry jam to ready tincture and after that 3 - 4 days maintain still .

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applies a St. John`s Wort and in medicine: at hepatitises, stagnation of bile, at the first signs it is bilious - a stone illness, gastritises with a lack of release of hydrochloric acid, at swellings as a lung diuretic at an urolithic illness. Use infusions of a St. John`s Wort for rinsing of an oral cavity, treatment and prevention of stomatitis. In the form of compresses apply at the bleeding and infected wounds.

Successfully use spirit tincture of a St. John`s Wort as disinfecting and wound healing means instead of iodine, but it will pinch in the same way - from - for alcohol.

We listed to

not all plants used for preparation of tinctures. Any tincture is kept in the dark place 7 - 10 days and filtered. Than longer it is stood, that becomes more tasty.