Rus Articles Journal

Falenopsis - similar to a butterfly of

If before an orchid were surrounded with an aura of mysteriousness and inaccessibility, then now thanks to researches and promoting of trans-species and intraspecific hybrids cultivation of orchids in room conditions became reality.

at the time of the Soviet past to buy so exotic plants it was extremely problematic and it is available only to the elite, in our days this opportunity is given with all width of the choice and on the most pretentious taste.

Most chastovstrechayushchiyesya in shops of an orchid are falenopsisa. Flowers of these plants on beauty and a form are similar to butterflies what this sort of orchids and received the name for - falenopsis, that is “similar to a butterfly“. The homeland of this orchid - rain rainforests of Hugo - East Asia, Indonesia.

Here only a few examples of hybrids of a sort. Unfortunately, not all flowers of falenopsis have a smell, but it is with interest compensated by beauty of colors and grace of a tsvetonos who can bear up to 250 flowers.

of Phalaenopsis Violacea var. Coerulea one of the few falenopsis which smells. Phalaenopsis cornu - cervi alba possesses a pleasant smell too.

a big variety of coloring of hybrid falenopsis Exists.

Almost all store falenopsisa are put by

in transparent pots out of which limits air roots often grow and as if hang by a pot. Thanks to some transparency of capacity in which grows falenopsis it is possible to observe and diagnose a condition of roots, so, and health of a plant. I advise beginners at whom it is the first orchid better not to risk, and to put in a transparent pot.

On roots of a falenopsis there live seaweed, and at a bright sunlight in a transparent pot they expand and growth and development of a plant oppress. From - for these seaweed falenopsis it is necessary to replace more often than if the plant grew in an opaque pot.

can recommend to

For more skilled flower growers landing of falenopsis in an opaque plastic pot, on the turned clay pot, baskets and on blocks.

Feature of block culture consists in fast and uneven drying-out of the block that implies creation of the increased humidity of 60 - 100% and more frequent watering. The similar situation develops also with baskets. When landing a falenopsis to a clay pot it is necessary to put the turned pot on the pallet with water. Roots will stick to clay and will drink water from it.


Humidity is almost also important

for plants, as well as sufficient lighting. Humidity of 50% is quite sufficient for this sort of orchids though they can quickly worry and drier air to 30% (I know it on the example). Some things will help to cope with insufficient humidity.

  1. of Humidifier. But it cannot be put absolutely near flowers, flowers freeze and throw off buds (it is checked on personal experience).
  2. Damp expanded clay in the pallet. It is effective, increases humidity. Promotes a skaplivaniye of salts in the pallet. But front sights or komarik can choose the pallet.
  3. Orkhidarium. the Effective remedy - the solution of almost all problems. Expensively.
  4. Spraying. the short-term effect Gives, promotes a water skaplivaniye in bosoms of leaves that can lead to rotting. Water from bosoms of leaves is deleted with a wadded tampon.


Besides humidity, the major role in growth and development plays lighting. It is the most optimum to grow up orchids in Hugo`s rooms - east orientation, they well grow also in rooms of other orientations at observance of some measures of precautions.

Should not expose to
  1. plants on direct sunshine, it is better to use any shading as on leaves of falenopsis easily there are burns. It concerns generally the windows coming to the South. For specific falenopsis the morning sun without shading till 11 in the morning and after 18 in the evening is useful.
  2. perfectly grow at Falenopsisa`s
  3. under luminescent lamps for flowers therefore at shortage of lighting it is possible to use in addition a dosvetka. It is excellent option for northern windows, especially in the winter.

the Substratum

Falenopsis - a plant surprisingly beautiful and extremely unpretentious to living conditions, besides it is an epiphyte, that is the plant using other trees for a support. Respectively, to create conditions as close as possible to their environment, it is necessary to grow up them in bark of trees, in a midland pine bark best of all approaches. Bark of a pine has to be collected from just tumbled down trees that the period of decomposition of a substratum was longer. The decayed bark loses air permeability and dries out more slowly that leads to rotting of roots. Therefore at decomposition of a substratum it is necessary to replace falenopsis in fresh bark to avoid the further inconveniences connected with reanimation of a plant. To destroy disputes of the fungi and wreckers living in the wood on pines, the substratum is the best of all to boil of 20 - 30 min., or to boil thoroughly in the microwave oven. It is necessary to dry bark 12 hours, then it is possible to use it for landing of your favourite. Surely use a drainage, it can be as pieces of polyfoam, 2 - 3 cm in size, and the usual drainage which is on sale in shops.

Over bark can put a sphagnum moss layer, it will slow down drying-out of a substratum.

of Feature

Leaves at falenopsis are the body reserving nutrients therefore, than there are more leaves at this sort of plants, especially it will be steady against stresses. As roots and tsvetonosa at falenopsis, leaving a trunk, break through the bases of leaves, it is necessary to spray and delete with a wadded tamponchik water from bosoms of leaves very carefully.

As leaves - the bodies reserving, at the moments of stresses and overloads (lack of roots, simultaneous growth of a tsvetonos and (or) roots and (or) a leaf and (or) the child) the lower leaves begin to die off. It is not necessary to cut off such leaf, it is necessary to wait when he falls off.

Having watered

This type of orchids belongs to warm and has no dormant period that provides it the successful growth and blossoming in room conditions all the year round. And it means, as it is necessary to water it all the year round. Water plants with the distilled water as orchids do not take out salinization of a substratum (though I just water with boiled water). Spray also water without impurity of salts, otherwise on leaves there will be stains.

Water should be spilled several times through a substratum that bark became impregnated with it. I use a method of immersion of pots in a basin with water on of 10 - 20 min. I cannot tell how it is often necessary to water as all have different conditions, and the substratum dries out with a different speed. I “heat“ the plants on average once a week.

to Tsvetonosa`s


needs nothing For a zatsvetaniye of falenopsis, they will decide when it is time to blossom. But if you are firmly sure that the plant is ready to blossoming and it is healthy, then I suggest to expose for 2 weeks on an otoplyaemy balcony or on a loggia where of 15 - 16 degrees. Usually the flower kidney during this time appears. which turns in tsvetonos later.

In order that blossoming was magnificent and beautiful, at the time of formation of a tsvetonos a plant it is necessary to fertilize kaliyno - phosphoric fertilizers. Recommend “Kemira Lyuks“ in 20 - ti gram packages.

After blossoming tsvetonos is usually not touched as if falenopsis decides to prosper repeatedly, then lateral kidneys on a tsvetonosa will be useful. Sometimes on a tsvetonosa children grow up. In this case it is necessary to wait when the child grows backs of long of 5 - 7 cm, accurately to cut off it with a piece of a tsvetonos. Children in bark of smaller fraction put.

A if falenopsis decides not to blossom, then will begin to dry tsvetonos, and it will need to be cut off over the most top lateral kidney.

Here such lovely, remarkable and absolutely unpretentious these falenopsisa.