Rus Articles Journal

To find and neutralize! 7 diseases of which it is necessary to think in advance - already in 35

optional to have medical education to understand: chronic diseases can overtake us and at rather young age.

But doctors unanimously claim: if regularly and in time to be examined, you will be able to reveal serious diseases at the earliest stage or even to prevent them at all.

Cardiovascular diseases

Most of people are afraid to get into a car accident, to become disabled people, to die from cancer, and die of a heart attack, not without reason SSZ call the enemy of mankind number one. And it is lately noted by a disturbing tendency: even young women in 30 - 35 appear years in risk group.

Why it occurs

the Reason of “rejuvenation“ of CC3 experts call a way of life: continuous haste, stress at work and houses can cause the changes in heart and vessels leading to a persistent hypertension. One more reason - a hypertension of pregnant women, according to different doctors, making 15 - 30% in our country. It means that honor at every third woman during pregnancy and childbirth increase of pressure is noted. And at them the risk of development of a hypertension, heart attacks and strokes increases subsequently.

to Whom needs to be examined

to People at whom frequent headaches are observed, short wind, the lower jaw pains, diarrhea and breast pains after excessively plentiful food are only some symptoms which can serve as harbingers of development of CC3.

As it is frequent

Annually, since 20 years. But especially it is important that who in a family has cases of heart diseases or a hypertension if you are more senior than 45 years and if you smoke.

What to do

to Control the level of cholesterol and hormones of a stress - it shows blood test. And to watch arterial pressure. Indicators higher than 130/90 are already a symptom of a hypertension!

of the Disease of a thyroid gland

More than 8 of 10 patients with diseases of a thyroid gland - women! It is all about the sex hormones influencing a condition of a thyroid gland.

Why it occurs

the Thyroid gland plays an important role in all exchange processes of an organism, and violation of its work leads to what it begins to produce or not enough hormone, or, on the contrary, there is too much. Low level of hormone of a thyroid gland (TTG - tireotropny hormone) leads to delay of exchange processes and a hypothyroidism. At surplus of TTG exchange processes, on the contrary, excessively accelerate, it leads to development of a thyrotoxicosis (in popular speech - “a bazedov an illness“).

to

to Whom needs inspection

to

to Women with hereditary predisposition, those who suddenly began to feel causeless exhaustion, sharp increase of weight (or its deficiency) and a depression.

As it is frequent

Each five years if your doctor did not appoint additional tests.

What to do

to Conduct examination of a thyroid gland (survey and U3I) and - the most important - to check the level of tireotropny hormone (TTG) and hormone of a tiroksin (T4) in blood.

Diabetes of the II type

Is a disease results absolute (diabetes of the I type) or relative shortage of hormone of a pancreas - insulin - or from - for violations of its interaction with organism cages (diabetes 11 types).

Why it occurs

of the Reasons quite a lot. First of all it is heredity and influence of viral infections. Also carry improper feeding and obesity, surplus of sweet, a lack of physical activity, nervous stresses to provocative factors, - all this led to the fact that diabetes “looked younger“: if before it diagnosed after 40 years, then now it even more often occurs also at 20 - summer, and even at children.

to Whom needs to be examined

of Subjects, who in a family has cases of diabetes and/or there are following symptoms: a frequent urination and strong thirst, a hypertension, the raised cholesterol, obesity or sharp loss of weight and feeling of constant fatigue without the visible reasons - here the main symptoms of diabetes. There can be an itch in intimate places or sight turbidity - as if “a veil before eyes“.

As it is frequent

Annually even if glucose level at you is normal. Otherwise the doctor will appoint other schedule.

What to do

it is obligatory to Make blood tests and urine for identification of level of glucose since morning and on an empty stomach!

Endometriosis

is a disease at which the mucous membrane of a uterus (endometriya) expands in other departments of an organism where he normal is not. Most often endometriosis occurs at women of reproductive age, mainly in of 35 - 45 years. However in certain cases endometriosis is possible also at younger women.

Why it occurs

of the Reason of endometriosis remain up to the end not clear - scientists put forward different versions. But genetic predisposition, influence of ecological factors and immune violations are considered as the main. Besides, there is an opinion that put in particular structures of uterine tubes, from - for what gets to an abdominal cavity more menstrual blood, than follows. At normal periods fabric the endometriya is allocated with blood in a vagina. When this process is broken, endometriya begins to expand and borrow not only internal part of a uterus, but also space beyond its limits.

to Examine mother

Natalya Rozin, the doctor - the endocrinologist, the site editor “House on the experience in how it is important at some point “to take mother for the handle and to take away to the doctor on inspection“. Though difficultly to make it - a question very delicate.
Since the birth our parents care for us including about ours health. But we grow up, we mature, and roles gradually change. Now our turn to care for parents comes. At the same time, when they appear as sponsored, not everyone can be reconstructed, accept itself(himself) in a new role.
Let`s not to forget that: to
  • to Parents needs our care, but at the same time they do not want to feel helpless. It is difficult to observe this balance in relationship, but it is necessary. Transfer of responsibility and care has to happen very tactfully and gradually.
  • parents try not to devote to
  • In the childhood children in the problems and cope with them. But with age such closeness becomes dangerous to the parent. To confess to the child to the illness, weakness, it is very difficult for feebleness. The senior generation wants up to the end “to maintain reputation“ and to remain authoritative in any questions including connected with health.
  • Elderly people are often conservative
  • in the beliefs and hardly perceive new techniques of treatment of these or those diseases. Attempts to convince them pass new inspections can be perceived by them as infringement of authority.
  • Adult children too take offense at parents from - for such mistrust, from their party all this is made of the best motives. For example, it was simple to me to persuade the mother-in-law to pass diagnostic inspection of bone system - densitometry: she is a doctor and perfectly understands, the risk of osteoporosis at elderly women is how high. But it is not obligatory to be the doctor at all to understand how it is important, and to convince mother, the aunt or the grandmother to seem to the expert.
  • In case of refusal tell
  • about osteoporosis consequences - a hip neck fracture - and organize inspection, it can be passed in many clinics. Perhaps, you should act with cunning, but if it helps to achieve the necessary result, business is worth it. The main thing - to be near parents while your help to them is vital.
to

to Whom needs inspection

to

to Women after 35 years at which the excess level of estrogen is noted. The following symptoms have to guard: violation of a menstrual cycle, too frequent and plentiful monthly, pains in a stomach bottom to and during monthly, in time or after sexual intercourse, an urination and/or a defekation.

As it is frequent

Annually later of 20 - 25 years, if do not have the complicating factors.

What to do

Diagnostic inspection: survey, ultrasonography of bodies of a small pelvis, testing for tumoral markers (the special blood tests allowing to reveal endometriozny cages), a x-ray picture of a uterus and uterine tubes and a laparoscopy - two last researches call “the gold standard“ of diagnostics.

Breast cancer

of the Reason of developing of breast cancer are up to the end unclear

, even high quality experts recognize.

to Whom needs to be examined

are considered as Risk factors besides hereditary predisposition: the early beginning of periods (till 11 years) and a late climax (after 55 years), refusal of feeding by a breast (without medical indications). Violation of a hormonal background (excess weight, uncontrolled reception of contraceptive tablets, violation of work of endocrine bodies, in particular, thyroid gland, etc.) . The strong nervous shocks postponed within the last year.

When and as often

inspection in 20 years is better to begin

- the doctor will determine by its results how often you need further control. And after 40 years - annually to consult at the mammologist.

What to do

For women aged to 40 years - ultrasonography. After 40 years - mammography.

of the Disease of eyes

the Visual computer syndrome - a typical problem of the women working at office. Allergic conjunctivitis usually happens during blossoming at allergic persons and at those who constantly carry contact lenses. Glaucoma develops after of 55 - 60 years more often, but if in a family there were cases of similar diseases, with the increased intra cranial pressure, diabetes or owing to the endured eye injury, it can occur and much earlier.

to Whom needs to be examined

to People with the signs and symptoms described above and also those, who has a genetic predisposition.

When and as it is frequent

Even if you have a good sight and you do not feel discomfort, till 40 years it is desirable to be examined by the ophthalmologist each 5 years, after 40 each 2 years, and after 65 - annually.

What to do

of Subjects at whom the doctor suspects glaucoma, additional researches can be necessary: plus to measurement of intraocular pressure determine the speed of formation of moisture in an eye and the speed of outflow of intraocular liquid (tonografiya), inspection of a disk of an optic nerve (oftalmoskopiya), check of a field of vision and research of structures of an eye by means of a special contact lens (gonioskopiya).

Osteopeniya`s

is a condition of bone weight when bones are lost by calcium and their mineral density decreases - call a harbinger of osteoporosis or its “a soft form“. Doctors mark out the increased number of women in 30 - 35 years with signs osteosinging (it can be found during x-ray research).

Why it occurs

Hereditary factors (if someone from the senior generation in a family has tendency to frequent a change if there were cases of fractures of neck of a hip) increase risk level of development osteosinging, and respectively, and osteoporosis. Besides, some diseases can influence changes of a bone tissue in young age: rheumatic, endocrine, blood diseases. Deficiency of calcium in food and a lack of physical activity weaken bone system too.

to Whom needs to be examined

to Women from risk group: with the burdened heredity, smokers, with the lowered density of bones, a fragile constitution and deficiency of body weight. And the main thing in the period of a menopause.

As it is frequent

After 25 years, especially that who treats risk group, then if density of bone weight is normal, - at the age of a menopause.

What to do

to Pass special inspection - osteodensitometry which determines mineral density - amount of calcium in a bone tissue. And annually to measure growth - its reduction by of 3 - 4 cm can be an osteoporosis symptom.