We acquaint children with history of art
Most likely, the reader will not begin to argue with the fact that art renders on people (and the more so on small children) beneficial influence.
How to acquaint kids with history of world art?
For a start, of course, will need to pick up reproductions and photos. It is possible to use usual albums with reproductions. But it is, as a rule, very expensive editions, you will not begin to give them to the child for independent regard. Besides albums from work of one author or one of the directions of painting are, as a rule, published. And we would like to show to the kid of work of different authors - all styles and the directions.
you Can use cards, cuttings from magazines. Make of them cards for the kid - paste images on sheets of paper for drawing or drawing. Let they will be one size, it is so more convenient to store and show cards. From a reverse side of each card make an inscription. It needs to be done or it is possible to print with the good handle which does not spread from casual hit of liquid on the machine or on the computer. The signature has to support, at least, the author and the name, but it is possible to add still the place and time of creation, the place of storage, technology of performance, the sizes (according to your desire) - then it can be useful to you.Choosing
for the kid of a reproduction and the photo, at first be guided only by the content of work. The child of two - will not begin to examine three years battle scenes or classical Dutch still lifes with pleasure. Select reproductions of those pictures which maintenance is clear to the child without words - images of children of all age, children with parents (all images of the Mother of God belong here), images of animals, genre scenes - people of the house, in a garden, on the street. Use reproductions of artists of the different directions in art - realism, impressionism, other directions. Use photos of antique vases with drawings, sculptures, frescos. Egyptian drawings, Old Russian painting, Japanese, Chinese water colors, engravings and so on.
Sit down near the kid, tell that you will watch interesting pictures. Considering reproductions, talk to the child as if you watch the children`s book with pictures. You say approximately following:“Watch
, these are boys, they sit ashore and look aboard the plane in the sky“. That this picture was painted by the artist Deyneka, she is called “Future pilots“, it is possible not to speak if she to the kid is not present
“And here the kid walks on the yard, on a grass kids, and here a horse still sit next“ (Polenov, “The Moscow court yard“).
“And here what beautiful house with figures on walls and multi-colored windows - stained-glass windows“ (any Gothic temple).
“And here the girl - the gymnast, she is able to stand on a sphere. And it who near it how you think?“ (Picasso, “Girl on a sphere“). And so on.
can be Looked with the child of a card with works of art one - two times a week. If very much it is pleasant to the kid, then it is possible and every day. For one viewing use very different works. Different styles and directions, sculpture, architecture together. Because monotonous images can quickly bore the child.
With the child is more senior than five years attentively consider images. You ask to find and show this or that detail.
you Teach the child to compare two works - to look for similarity and distinctions: in a plot, in paints, in details and their decision, in a work genre.
Compare two images similar on a plot. For example, put on a table the image of an Old Russian icon of the Mother of God and a reproduction with the image of one of Madonnas of work of the Italian master. How many similar details the child will find. What will notice? What, for example, colors clothes at characters on that and in other picture? Whether there is a similarity? And so on.
Or similar on a genre: two still lifes, two winter landscapes, two battle scenes or two ceremonial portraits. Select works, very similar on style, absolutely, at first sight, not having any similarity.In photos of architectural constructions show
and call separate details of constructions: these are columns, these are capitals of columns, it is a pediment, it is a stained-glass window etc. Suggest to compare two similar images, for example, two different Christian temples or two memorial columns, triumphal arches. Suggest the child to find similarity and distinctions on these two images.Krom of joint viewing and discussion of reproductions and photos can organize to
of the Exhibition with
“exhibitions“. The general - alternately - just hang up all on a wall of a reproduction and the photo which most of all are pleasant to the child.
Or thematic - unite reproductions
- on subject - the pictures of different artists painted in different style, but on one subject, for example about children, about people, about the sea, about animals etc., it is the most interesting principle of association;
- on genres (only portraits, either landscapes, or still lifes);
- self-portraits of different artists, including a self-portrait of your child;
- on the artist (especially with the pronounced style noticeable to the child)
- on the museums where pictures, with the photo of appearance of the museum and display on the card where this museum is are collected;
- over the country of accommodation of authors (an exhibition of the Russian artists, French, Spanish etc.), naturally, with demonstration of the country on the card;
- according to the image of views of one city or district different artists (pictures with views of Moscow, views of Paris etc.) in the card on a wall for the period of placement of an exhibition it is possible to thrust a pin tag in the right place;
- on creation time: an exhibition of ancient art of the different people, an exhibition of artists of the 18 or 20 century, etc.,
- on the known plot, for example, bible or mythological (Zeus`s images, David`s image and so forth)
- on any other signs what you will consider interesting.
Near such exhibition can hang up a portrait of the artist (a reproduction or the photo) if it is possible. Hanging out on a wall of a reproduction of pictures of one artist, show to the child on the world map the country where he lived. Or even the city if it is known precisely. You can tell also briefly the child about significant events in destiny of this artist (with it you will be helped by books, and it is even better - the encyclopedic dictionary). If you consider that such information is not necessary to your child yet, postpone this occupation until the kid a little grows up.
of “Exhibition“ take place on a wall for some time - week, two or more. At that time, while reproductions hang, you can look through them so many time how many want, to discuss, tell about artists or to explain plots of works.
Surely suggest the child to participate in an exhibition - to paint a picture on the necessary subject, to stick together “sculpture“ from plasticine, the test or clay, to construct on a floor of cubes Stonehenge, Notr - I Will give de Pari, the Egyptian pyramid or just beautiful lodge, a tower.
Most important not that the child remembered as much as possible names of pictures or names of artists, the main thing that he fell in love with them to consider, to play with them, wanted to create: to draw, mold, build.
If you have small reproductions, then you can paste them on the world map (or on the large map of Europe), near the image of that country where it was written. If it is difficult, then hang up pictures about the card. By means of two buttons or an adhesive tape it is possible to connect the image of the country and a picture a strelochka from paper or just a thread.
If at you are many cards with reproductions (they can be bought in the foyer of the art museums or to look on “bibliopoles“), spread out them to groups, using one of the principles of classification described in the head of “Exhibition“ and spread out on photo album pockets. At you albums with selections of reproductions will turn out.their
can be given safely to the child in hands since a year, without being afraid that the part of the pictures typed with such work will suffer.
Viewing of slides bewitches children as magic. In complete darkness, on the huge screen beautiful pictures.... It makes strong impression.it is simple to Buy
slides not of
Preparing for a session of viewing of slides with the small child, pick up as much as possible various images, besides, not to bore the kid. To children of an average - the advanced preschool age select slides on some subject (see the head of “Exhibition“).
the Compact - disks. Encyclopedias and computer games
In the last ten years the new type of data carriers - computer
If to the child is five years old and more, you can use the computer encyclopedia in full. If the child is younger, probably, to transfer some images to separate files more conveniently - the presentations (we in detail wrote about them in the second part of our book).
needs to Look through the encyclopedia together with the child, reading aloud the text which appears on the screen because children never read texts but only they leaf through pictures at fast speed, without managing even to read the name of a reproduction. If the text too difficult, read it not completely or retell by the own words, comment at the level available to the child. Consider pictures in the encyclopedia the same as on papers. Discuss the image, ask the child available questions.Some firms release
disks, not only acquainting the child with these or those reproductions of pictures or photos of sculptures and architectural objects. But also the disks allowing to be trained in knowledge of world art heritage, in sense of style, the directions in painting or architecture. For example, the disk “Architecture Masterpieces“ of the Kirill and Mefodiy company offers game where it is necessary to clean the excess constructions and monuments breaking unity of style. When the child “deletes“ a glass skyscraper, it “is scattered“ with a ring, the statue of a lion is dissolved in air with growl... As a result the architectural complex appears in the primitive purity.
we Classify cards
When the child gets acquainted with rather large number of reproductions of pictures and photos of masterpieces of a sculpture and architecture, suggest it to spread out cards (reproductions, cards). Not to do it “just like that“, let will prepare them for placement in a thematic album or for the exhibition device. If to the child
can Classify cards on:
- to types of works (painting, that is pictures, a sculpture and architecture)
- to genres (in painting: will rub, a landscape, a still life)
- on creation time (for example, ancient to postpone from modern)
- on authors (but it only for experienced, that is for children who saw very many works of different authors, know their style)
If you have two identical cards, cut one of them and suggest the child to put it on a sample (at first divide the image into three - four parts, then you can cut the same picture on bigger quantity of parts).to
If to you managed to buy part two identical sets of cards, from each card of one of sets cut off a small fragment. Show to the child several whole cards and a fragment of one of them. Suggest the child to find from what picture this fragment.
A if to the child
Tableau and toy vivant
If to the child liked a genre scene or a still life, suggest “to recover“ pictures, to make “just the same“ “image“, using more or less similar pieces of ware, furniture, old things for production of “suits“ (raincoats, tunics and so forth) .If children it is several
, they can be divided into groups and “think“ each other of pictures, accepting these or those poses in hastily the created “interior“ (a fine entertainment for children at the dacha when just bothered to walk already). If the gathered children do not know painting history at all, offer them ten cards suitable for the image show and call everyone several times. After it one of teams takes places in “auditorium“ on a grass, and the second chooses one of cards and begins to create...
Can create “copies“ of pictures, using toys (dolls, doll ware and furniture) for genre scenes and still lifes or tell-tales for creation of battle scenes. Also color paper, sticks, a moss will be useful (it “will play a role“ herbs).
Using cardboard boxes, do images of temples, locks. Paint them with paints or paste over with color paper.
can Create the small toy copy of a picture in a box or a box. In such look it will be convenient to be put on a regiment or to present to the grandmother for March Eighth.
to Children of 6 years and is more senior suggest “to copy“ the hand paints, pencils, a pastel, as a last resort, felt-tip pens a picture of the great master. For such work select work executions, simple on equipment, - for example, works of impressionists or plots of chernofigurny Ancient Greek vase painting.