Games and exercises for prevention and strengthening oporno - the motive device of preschool children
Recently owing to increase in number of children with violation of a bearing there is a need for creation of preschool institutions with an orthopedic orientation.by
Why at modern children often observe violation of a bearing? Obviously, it is necessary to refer high percent of birth rate of the weakened children, reduction of physical activity
since the earliest childhood and depends on a harmonious muscle work, a condition of bone system, svyazochno - articulate and nervously - the muscular device, uniformity of their development, physiological bends of a backbone. Poor physical development of the child leads to violations of a bearing, and violations of a bearing complicate work of internals that leads to further deterioration in physical development.Should remember
that it is always more difficult to treat, than to prevent development of pathological process. Tisso`s aphorism became the motto of physiotherapy exercises:“ The movement can replace different drugs, but any medicine is not able to replace the movement“.to
In our kindergarten created all conditions for systematic, preventive influence on the growing child`s organism. For all day in group the optimum motive mode is supported: LFK, sports occupations, fizkultminutka, outdoor games, finger-type gymnastics, games in the fresh air, sports festivals, entertainments, medical massage, lechebno - corrective gymnastics, phytotherapy, the pool.
Systematic occupations by swimming, bathing are favorably reflected in development of respiratory organs of preschool children. When swimming the carrying power of water supporting the child on a surface as if facilitates a body therefore pressure on oporno - the motive device of a skeleton decreases, especially on a backbone. Therefore swimming - an effective remedy of strengthening of a skeleton, is actively used as corrective means.
we begin to Form in children desire to be healthy from conversations about a bearing. The tutor tells what bearing is considered correct what types of its violations happen as it is important to korrigirovat the bearing for normal functioning of internals and systems. On the first occupations it is necessary to teach children to accept correctly basic prone positions on a back and a stomach, sitting on a gymnastic bench, standing. In each subsequent occupation we remember everything that was passed on previous. In a game form children get acquainted with a structure of the body, appointment of bodies and systems, with what is useful and that is harmful to an organism. They are taught elementary skills of personal care and first aid. The nurse and the orthopedic surgeon are frequent guests on such occupations. These occupations have huge value for education of need for a healthy lifestyle. Children fix the received skills in syuzhetno - role-playing games, in independent activity.by
In the second half of day hold games for strengthening of muscular system, skills of a correct posture, prevention of flat-footedness. It is important to know flat-footedness it is necessary to treat, he can even be warned by means of preventive actions.by
To treatment and prevention of flat-footedness applies a number of methods. Children on occupations do remedial gymnastics barefoot. It renders not only the improving, but also tempering influence. For strengthening myshechno - the copular device of an ankle joint and foot different types of walking are recommended: on pebble, sand, ridge and orthopedic paths, massage rugs, on the inclined plane. Foot at the same time reflex “is selected“, there is an active formation of the arches. As a result leg pains decrease and stop, spring function of foot is restored, besides, the general tone of an organism raises, the weakened muscles of legs become stronger, coordination of movements trains, the correct and beautiful gait is formed.
Each loving parent wants to see the child happy. At the same time it is meant that the happy child is a person physically healthy and strong, intellectually and esthetically developed, possessing various practical abilities which will help to be approved with life, to achieve success, to be loved by people around. Therefore in preschool educational institution search of new approaches to improvement of the children who are based on the multiple-factor analysis of external influences, monitoring of a state of health of each child, the account and use of features of its organism, individualization of preventive actions, creation of certain conditions is necessary.needs to establish to
unity in approach to strengthening of health of children in kindergarten and at home. For this purpose we regularly hold PTA meetings, consultations of experts, open viewings of occupations, joint occupations of LFK, sports leisure, holidays and entertainments. Parents take active part in creation of the developing environment in group, production of orthopedic paths. The relation of parents to physical training, to interest of children in outdoor games and exercises influences formation of children`s interests and preferences. We have to remind of it constantly to parents, inducing them to joint occupations with children morning exercises, games and exercises. Education at the child of long term habit to regular participation in morning exercises is promoted by an example of parents. At home it is expedient to use complexes of morning exercises which are carried out in kindergarten.
the Content of occupations of parents with children in many respects depends on their interests, desire to be engaged various mobile in both sports and exercises, to participate in different competitions. However parents should not be guided only by desires of children or own. It is necessary to explain them value and advantage unloved children of exercises, to advise to be engaged with children proceeding from features of their development, those exercises which turn out worse. We recommend to parents in what games to play with children (the description of games are exposed in a parental corner).
for summer vacation for preservation of the achieved results in strengthening oporno - the motive device and skills of a correct posture to parents descriptions of sets of exercises and methodical recommendations about carrying out occupations by remedial gymnastics of the house are issued. Games are the cornerstone of all sets of exercises.by
In game form positive traits of character, sense of justice and associations. Being fond of game, children fix the necessary skills, transfer the corresponding loading. Each game has the rules defining activity of participants. Before game we intelligibly explain to pupils of its rule and strictly we monitor their performance. After each game we estimate actions of players.
of the Purpose of our work: improvement of younger generation; creation of conditions for protection and strengthening of health of children; formation of the valuable attitude of children towards health and healthy lifestyle; prevention of diseases oporno - the motive device of children through orthopedic game.
of the Problem of orthopedic games:
- to bring up a conscientious attitude to occupations;
- to acquire and fix elements of skills of a correct posture, small motility of toes; to train
- in skills to accept and fix a correct posture; to train
- in the correct performance of exercises for formation of a bearing and strengthening of the arch of foot; to train
- in massage of hands and feet balls - masseurs;
According to tasks into five main groups.
- Directed to acquaintance with properties of materials (stones, sand, water etc.).
- Directed to improvement of separate elements of technology of the movements (hold a back, check a bearing etc.).
- Directed to acquaintance with people around (animals, plants etc.).
- Aimed at the development of physical qualities.
- Carried out as with objects (balls, hoops, sticks etc.) and without them.
In our practice we successfully use the equipment intended for prevention of flat-footedness and preservation of a correct posture.