Rus Articles Journal

How to develop musical taste. Began part 2

That music was perceived deeper, became something bright and close, it is necessary to try to transfer it to Wednesday which is most clear and habitual for the child.

Music in the animated film

Such environment - animated films. Agree that children of this age ( of 5 - 7 years) love animated films most of all. The clever and aimed in the future heads of television understand this phenomenon and use. The effect is exclusive. One of authors, long time working as the music-master in Germany, literally, was shocked when learned that his pupils 6 - 7 summer age know a huge number of the known classical melodies and with pleasure sing them. Among the most favourite - Mozart, Beethoven, Strauss, Grieg`s melody, many other composers. The secret is simple. They heard all these melodies in animated films of a series of “Eynshteyna“ which weekly appear on the German television. Each of these animated films, extremely popular among children, is constructed on an outgaming of some one melody of classics. This melody is naturally built in a plot, executed on different tools, sounds again and again. As a result it becomes close and clear to the child. It is easily learned when he hears this melody in this or that piece of music out of an animated cartoon, performed by an orchestra or the soloist. Therefore the child who is brought up on such animated cartoons feels more comfortably in a concert hall: he hears music which is familiar to it since the early childhood.

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Thus, selection of animated cartoons in which sound and skillfully beat classical melodies, becomes to one of the most effective ways to perception of music and development of good taste.

we Listen to nature sounds

It is too one of ways to feel beauty of sounds. The most different. Noise of the river, sea, wood, wind and especially, of course, singing of birds. We develop esthetic taste of children, showing them as the wood, a rainbow, the blossoming meadow, the night sky, etc. are beautiful. Singing of birds, naturally, fits into this row. Children usually do not hear such singing. That heard, it is necessary to draw their attention:“ Let`s sit quietly and we will listen. It is very beautiful“. The concept to sit quietly and to listen too for many children to something new and unusual. Sometimes it is the first step to hearing of music.

of Reflection and talk on music in the form of game

Children from five to seven years are not capable to concentrate long on something one. If it is about hearing of music where unlike an animated cartoon, the fairy tale or a performance there are no clear plot and fascinating action. Therefore to listen to music together with the child it is better dosed, small fragments, and then to discuss this music. Such discussions can be built in the form of game. It is possible to play with one child. But it is better if two or three children play. In more detail we will also tell about one of such games further.

Game “We Choose, We Tell, We Draw“

Participants: Sergey, 6. Masha, 7. If one child plays, then in case of the correct answer he receives a point. If wrong - you. Both children half a year are engaged in playing at music school a piano. Sergey is the zinger, the fidget. Likes to sing. Masha - quiet a little phlegmatic. Sings reluctantly.

Game is that the child has to answer the question “What Music Speaks About“, having chosen the option offered by adults. And then it is correct to answer other questions. You can offer for the choice two - three or more options. Music for hearing has to be picturesque, clear, expressive. Well, for example, such as M. Mussorgsky`s overture to the opera “Hovanshchina“ “Dawn over the Moskva River“. We remind that we listen to a small piece of the overture.

is Told by one of authors holding game.“ I began with a question:

- Who sometime saw rising or a sunset?

- I saw a decline.

- I saw too.

- It is beautiful?

- Yes.

- As it occurred?

- At first the sun became red and big, - Masha told.

- the Sun was close. And then went down. Lower and lower. For Earth. Until left for good, - Seryozha added.

Everything a circle became red too, - Masha specified.

- Grudges that you did not see sunrise. It is very beautiful too. Wake up sometime a bit earlier. Especially, if you live in the summer in the village. And you will see too. At first still the sun is not visible, but everything around little by little brightens. Birds wake up and begin to sing. More and more loudly. If the sky cloudy, then clouds are painted in different colors. Gradually, slowly all sun leaves from - for Earth. New day begins.

- And now game will begin. I will turn on the music. It will last 5 minutes. It is very beautiful music. You have to define that it represents - a sunset or rising. And then to tell why you so solved.

Mussorgsky`s music Sounds. Children 2 - 3 listen minutes attentively. Sergey whispers something to Masha on an ear. Pulls a hand - “I know“. Then children begin to distract. Especially Seryozha.

When music terminated in

, Sergey and Masha declared unanimously:“ It is rising“.

- Good fellows. Correctly. You receive one point. The second point will be gained by the one who will manage to tell why he decided that music reflects rising, but not a decline.

- Because music becomes louder and louder. And when a decline, it has to be more silent and more silent, - Sergey says.

- And you, Masha how you consider?

- Because it is heard as birds begin to sing.

- I heard as at first it was cold, and then it became warmer, - Seryozha confirms.

- It is very good

. Good fellows. You receive on one point. You very correctly heard music. It and is called “Dawn over the Moskva River“. It is the overture to the opera of the Russian composer Modest Mussorgsky “Hovanshchina“ to receive the third point, it is necessary to draw this music.

Seryozha and Masha draw approximately identical plot: the river, trees, on trees of a bird. From - for the rivers ascends big, is yellow - the orange sun. Also receive on one point. Draw.

Masha and Seryozha (independently from each other) asked to listen to

In several days once again as Seryozha, “music about the sun“ was expressed. This time they listened more attentively and commented in more detail: “Here, you see, - Sergey said, - the sun rises. Birdies begin to sing. And already the sun costs highly and became warm“. Masha according to nodded.

we Choose by

the name

One of options of the previous game. Participants the options offered by us should choose the name of the play from 2 - 4 correctly. For example, on the sad play of Schuman “The first loss“ we offered three participants of game except original two more versions of the name:“ First pleasure “and“ first friend“. All three (children of 6 - 7 years, pupils of the first class of music school), having felt character of music, chose the correct option.

For this game well are suitable plays from “A children`s album“ of Tchaikovsky, Schuman, Grechaninov, Beethoven, Mozart`s many plays, etc.

to

to strengthen perception from program music, it is possible to ask questions which would bring children to a similar or close situation. A situation which, perhaps, took place in their life. For example, same play of Schuman “The first loss“.

We asked young listeners, (already mentioned Masha and Seryozhu) whether they remember the first loss. Children shared the experience in the relation of “losses“.

Seryozha:“ When I was small, for a long time, likely, a year ago, I lost a soccerball. Real, leather. To me it was presented on birthday, and I took out to the yard. We played soccer with big children, and then called me home. About a ball I forgot. When remembered, all children already left. And the ball somewhere was gone. Then parents tried to learn who played the last. But did not learn. I was then small and cried“.

Masha:“ I a lot of things lost and what was “the first loss“, I do not remember. Recently lost a doll. Very good, big, closing eyes. It was at a playground. The doll lay on a bench. And I rode from a hill. When came, the doll was not any more. Perhaps to be somebody stole. And, maybe, someone thought that the doll was thrown out. I do not know“.

we Choose by

emotions

the Interesting option of game is connected with the choice of the mood corresponding to this or that music. The child listens to a small musical fragment. He has to choose from three - four names: “sad“, “cheerful“, “quiet“, “uneasy“, etc. As well as in the previous games, for the correct answer the point is received by the child. For wrong - you. Among versions of the correct answer there can sometimes be not one, but two and even three names. For example:“ quiet“, “sad“. Or “uneasy“, “joyful“. Each right choice gives to the participant one point.

we Think out the name

Children think out three - four names to the listened fragment which would correspond to character of music. For example, Masha and Sergey thought up on a cheerful melody Glinka`s “Pole“ such names: “Cheerful day“, “Vacation begins“, “The father arrived“ (Masha at whom the father often goes to business trips), “Birthday“, etc.

All these games not only develops the imagination thought up, but also accustom to thought that music is capable to express a lot of things, form perception, learn to speak, reflect on music.

the music Assessment

Is one of the most difficult, one may say, end results of formation of musical taste. The child of the considered age with the developed musical taste not only answers the question “Whether This Music Is Pleasant?“ but also explains why. We asked three questions to 12 pupils of the first class (5 - 7 years) music school after listening of a fragment from the first part (the main subject) of a piano concert of P. Tchaikovsky. whether

to to All children music was pleasant to

. There are some of most interesting answers.

Andrey K., 6: “Music is very light. There is a wish to sing and shout“.

Sveta B., 7: “I when listened, smiled. Because it was good“.

Grisha, 7: “I saw a meadow in the village. It is a lot of sun and flowers“.

Tan`s

, 5 years:“ It is similar to a rainbow“.

to Expand a lexicon

with

Children estimate music, making use of own life experience and a lexicon available to them. The last circumstance significantly limits their opportunities to tell about music and therefore parents can, telling about the impressions of music, to expand this stock. Game will help, as usual.

the Game “Who Will Think Up Words More“

Someone calls

(one child can participate in game) the estimated word. Well, for example, “sad music“. You think out other epithet in the same estimated key:“ sad“, “gloomy“, “sad“, “burdensome“, “minor“, “sad“, etc. You estimate in turn. The one who thought up more epithets wins.

Several general councils.

Find
  • suitable time for hearing of music. It should not be rigidly certain time convenient to you. For example, if the child watches an interesting animated cartoon, and you switch off the TV at once (“All! Time to listen to music“), any music will seem to it bad and boring. It is necessary to prepare the kid previously. Sometimes time before going to bed when the child already lies in a bed appears the best, and you do not hurry anywhere.
  • As we already mentioned
  • , hearing of music should not last more of 5 - 10 minutes.
  • If music, even certainly fine, is not pleasant to the child, you should not prove the return. It will make a boomerang effect. Perhaps, later the kid himself will be able to estimate it.
  • If you play with the child game, do not forget to lose from time to time.

Development of good musical taste is, perhaps, the main component of musical education. Therefore it makes sense to approach this business with special gravity. Being expressed a little grandiloquently, but, without leaving it is far from truth, we will finish so: the culture of future generations depends on good musical taste of our children.