How to develop musical taste. Began part 2
That music was perceived deeper, became
Music in the animated film
Such environment - animated films. Agree that children of this age (
Thus, selection of animated cartoons in which sound and skillfully beat classical melodies, becomes to one of the most effective ways to perception of music and development of good taste.
we Listen to nature sounds
It is too one of ways to feel beauty of sounds. The most different. Noise of the river, sea, wood, wind and especially, of course, singing of birds. We develop esthetic taste of children, showing them as the wood, a rainbow, the blossoming meadow, the night sky, etc. are beautiful. Singing of birds, naturally, fits into this row. Children usually do not hear such singing. That heard, it is necessary to draw their attention:“ Let`s sit quietly and we will listen. It is very beautiful“. The concept to sit quietly and to listen too for many children to something new and unusual. Sometimes it is the first step to hearing of music.
of Reflection and talk on music in the form of game
Children from five to seven years are not capable to concentrate long on
Game “We Choose, We Tell, We Draw“
Participants: Sergey, 6. Masha, 7. If one child plays, then in case of the correct answer he receives a point. If wrong - you. Both children half a year are engaged in playing at music school a piano. Sergey is the zinger, the fidget. Likes to sing. Masha - quiet a little phlegmatic. Sings reluctantly.
Game is that the child has to answer the question “What Music Speaks About“, having chosen the option offered by adults. And then it is correct to answer other questions. You can offer for the choice two - three or more options. Music for hearing has to be picturesque, clear, expressive. Well, for example, such as M. Mussorgsky`s overture to the opera “Hovanshchina“ “Dawn over the Moskva River“. We remind that we listen to a small piece of the overture.
is Told by one of authors holding game.“ I began with a question:
- Who sometime saw rising or a sunset?
- I saw a decline.
- I saw too.
- It is beautiful?
- As it occurred?
- At first the sun became red and big, - Masha told.
- the Sun was close. And then went down. Lower and lower. For Earth. Until left for good, - Seryozha added.
Everything a circle became red too, - Masha specified.
- Grudges that you did not see sunrise. It is very beautiful too. Wake up sometime a bit earlier. Especially, if you live in the summer in the village. And you will see too. At first still the sun is not visible, but everything around little by little brightens. Birds wake up and begin to sing. More and more loudly. If the sky cloudy, then clouds are painted in different colors. Gradually, slowly all sun leaves
- And now game will begin. I will turn on the music. It will last 5 minutes. It is very beautiful music. You have to define that it represents - a sunset or rising. And then to tell why you so solved.
Mussorgsky`s music Sounds. Children
, Sergey and Masha declared unanimously:“ It is rising“.
- Good fellows. Correctly. You receive one point. The second point will be gained by the one who will manage to tell why he decided that music reflects rising, but not a decline.
- Because music becomes louder and louder. And when a decline, it has to be more silent and more silent, - Sergey says.
- And you, Masha how you consider?
- Because it is heard as birds begin to sing.
- I heard as at first it was cold, and then it became warmer, - Seryozha confirms.- It is very good
. Good fellows. You receive on one point. You very correctly heard music. It and is called “Dawn over the Moskva River“. It is the overture to the opera of the Russian composer Modest Mussorgsky “Hovanshchina“ to receive the third point, it is necessary to draw this music.
Seryozha and Masha draw approximately identical plot: the river, trees, on trees of a bird.
In several days once again as Seryozha, “music about the sun“ was expressed. This time they listened more attentively and commented in more detail: “Here, you see, - Sergey said, - the sun rises. Birdies begin to sing. And already the sun costs highly and became warm“. Masha according to nodded.we Choose by
One of options of the previous game. Participants the options offered by us should choose the name of the play from
For this game well are suitable plays from “A children`s album“ of Tchaikovsky, Schuman, Grechaninov, Beethoven, Mozart`s many plays, etc.to
to strengthen perception from program music, it is possible to ask questions which would bring children to a similar or close situation. A situation which, perhaps, took place in their life. For example, same play of Schuman “The first loss“.
We asked young listeners, (already mentioned Masha and Seryozhu) whether they remember the first loss. Children shared the experience in the relation of “losses“.
Seryozha:“ When I was small, for a long time, likely, a year ago, I lost a soccerball. Real, leather. To me it was presented on birthday, and I took out to the yard. We played soccer with big children, and then called me home. About a ball I forgot. When remembered, all children already left. And the
Masha:“ I a lot of things lost and what was “the first loss“, I do not remember. Recently lost a doll. Very good, big, closing eyes. It was at a playground. The doll lay on a bench. And I rode from a hill. When came, the doll was not any more. Perhaps to be somebody stole. And, maybe,
the Interesting option of game is connected with the choice of the mood corresponding to this or that music. The child listens to a small musical fragment. He has to choose from three - four names: “sad“, “cheerful“, “quiet“, “uneasy“, etc. As well as in the previous games, for the correct answer the point is received by the child. For wrong - you. Among versions of the correct answer there can sometimes be not one, but two and even three names. For example:“ quiet“, “sad“. Or “uneasy“, “joyful“. Each right choice gives to the participant one point.
we Think out the name
Children think out three - four names to the listened fragment which would correspond to character of music. For example, Masha and Sergey thought up on a cheerful melody Glinka`s “Pole“ such names: “Cheerful day“, “Vacation begins“, “The father arrived“ (Masha at whom the father often goes to business trips), “Birthday“, etc.
All these games not only develops the imagination thought up, but also accustom to thought that music is capable to express a lot of things, form perception, learn to speak, reflect on music.
the music Assessment
Is one of the most difficult, one may say, end results of formation of musical taste. The child of the considered age with the developed musical taste not only answers the question “Whether This Music Is Pleasant?“ but also explains why. We asked three questions to 12 pupils of the first class
- Liked music?
- O what this music?
. There are some of most interesting answers.
Andrey K., 6: “Music is very light. There is a wish to sing and shout“.
Sveta B., 7: “I when listened, smiled. Because it was good“.
Grisha, 7: “I saw a meadow in the village. It is a lot of sun and flowers“.Tan`s
, 5 years:“ It is similar to a rainbow“.
to Expand a lexiconwith
Children estimate music, making use of own life experience and a lexicon available to them. The last circumstance significantly limits their opportunities to tell about music and therefore parents can, telling about the impressions of music, to expand this stock. Game will help, as usual.the Game “Who Will Think Up Words More“
(one child can participate in game) the estimated word. Well, for example, “sad music“. You think out other epithet in the same estimated key:“ sad“, “gloomy“, “sad“, “burdensome“, “minor“, “sad“, etc. You estimate in turn. The one who thought up more epithets wins.
Several general councils.Find
- suitable time for hearing of music. It should not be rigidly certain time convenient to you. For example, if the child watches an interesting animated cartoon, and you switch off the TV at once (“All! Time to listen to music“), any music will seem to it bad and boring. It is necessary to prepare the kid previously. Sometimes time before going to bed when the child already lies in a bed appears the best, and you do not hurry anywhere. As we already mentioned
- , hearing of music should not last more
of 5 - 10 minutes.
- If music, even certainly fine, is not pleasant to the child, you should not prove the return. It will make a boomerang effect. Perhaps, later the kid himself will be able to estimate it.
- If you play with the child game, do not forget to lose from time to time.
Development of good musical taste is, perhaps, the main component of musical education. Therefore it makes sense to approach this business with special gravity. Being expressed a little grandiloquently, but, without leaving it is far from truth, we will finish so: the culture of future generations depends on good musical taste of our children.