Rus Articles Journal

How to develop musical taste. Part 1

meets A little people who would not love music. They are practically absent. Everything depends on what under the words “I love music“ to mean. The bandit “Blotter“ from the movie “The Meeting Place Can Not Be Changed“ who threw the phrase which became popular “And I can. You sbatsay“ (Sharapov played Chopin`s “Nocturne“) music loved “Murka“ too. All question - what.

“Murka“ or Chopin?

the Topic of conversation, in our opinion, not only how musical taste to develop, but also that it “good musical taste“. About it it is written the mass of books and articles, but the problem both was, and remains a little studied. Risking to frighten off fathers and mothers from reading article, we declare at once: it is difficult to create good musical taste at the child. Difficult, but it is possible.

Why it is “difficult“ for

? Well, in - the first, because it will be a question of formation of taste which considers good obvious minority for today. Not only at us in Russia, but also around the world. Compare the number of visitors of small concert halls where the classical or folk music (including a country, the jazz), and the crowded stadiums or the areas where sounds razvlekatelno - a dance music of the most different types from a pop-music and fate to a tekhnomuzyka is executed. Sizes are incomparable. As a rule, listeners of concerts at stadiums (generally youth) consider classical music boring, tiresome and obscure, obviously not corresponding to their natural desire after work or studies to have a rest, good time. As speak today, “to be delayed“.

by

it is not excluded, as our readers belong to the majority. It means that their children since the birth inevitably get under influence of such music.

In - the second, children, irrespective of tastes and preferences of parents, live not in the closed space and hear (on the TV, radio, a player) too not always highly artistic music. Such music in general sounds on the TV (except for the Culture program) not often.

I, at last, in - the third, it, perhaps, the main thing: there are no accurate criteria by which it would be possible to tell with confidence: this music corresponds to good taste, and they are is not present. Except, certainly, classical music of great composers of the past checked by time. Therefore if any music is not pleasant to you, and it is pleasant to your child, then it not always means that in the first case music good, and in the second bad. Thank God, we do not live in chyorno any more - the white world and the Khruschev`s assessment of modern painting “is botched work, my grandsons can better“, applied to modern music, not the ultimate truth. Even the leader of vanguard of the first half of the last century Arnold Schoenberg once declared:“ I do not understand modern music“. Can happen that that music which we do not understand, is understood and our children and grandsons estimate (or will understand and will estimate).

you paid attention that at halls where there take place concerts of hard rock, the horse militia is on duty. After concerts (the speech, certainly, does not go about all performers of such music, and about some groups), listeners are ready extremely aggressively. They for no apparent reason enter a fight, trash cars, store windows of shops. Why? It appears, music is capable to bear not only pleasure, love, compassion, kindness, but also aggression, rage, hatred. Other negative human qualities.

Such conclusion - not news. In Ancient China and Ancient Greece independently from each other it was understood (sometimes, apparently, better, than our contemporaries) one thousand years ago. Also belonged very seriously. In Ancient Greece Platon and Aristotle, mixing various melodies, developed the light parties of the identity of the person and reduced influence of dark. In Ancient China was considered that false sounds excite evil feelings and confirm disorder of affairs in the state. Therefore height of a sound row and a system of musical instruments were established by government decrees, unauthorized derogation from them was punished by the law.“ When music is empty and vicious, - the Chinese philosopher of that time Xun Zi wrote, - the people are dismissed and lazy, wild and worthy contempt. When the people are dismissed and lazy, there are disorders, the army weakens, there are fragile walls and enemies threaten Celestial Empire“.

Of course, reasonings of ancient theorists in something are naive. But the idea about ability of music to influence customs not only in the favorable direction should not be forgotten. Thus, forming good taste at the child, we bring up it is moral. There is more..

Musical addictions are connected by

with a way of life

psychologists from Lesterovsky university in England came To such conclusion. They interrogated two thousand five hundred people and found a direct connection between musical taste and a way of life. If to trust their conclusions, then it is possible to paraphrase the known saying:“ To what music you listen, such is you is“.

Considerable part of admirers of electronic music, hip - hop, tekhnomuzyk (24%) conducted, according to these polls, an asocial way of life: often changed the sexual partner, abused alcohol, did drugs. Among fans of classics such there were only 1,6%. This research also confirms importance of education of good musical taste.

A now with some fear (it is too much “white spots“) we start an essence. How to cultivate good taste in the conditions of a family? And whether it is possible if fathers and mothers have no music education?

It is questions on which there is no clear and simple answer. And mechanisms of an assessment of a level of development of musical taste (other ways, except tests it is not thought up yet) sin with inaccuracy. As the famous Spanish writer - the moralist Grasian Baltasar liking to be expressed paradoxically wrote:“ There is so much musical tastes how many human faces“.

Three whales

Many visible Russian and not only the Russian psychologists, lifting a subject of development of musical taste in the child, noted three main issues, one may say, three whales on whom this process keeps: perception, reflection and assessment. The famous psychologist B. Teplov wrote:“ To estimate music, the child has to worry and think emotionally it over it“.

We decided that conversation on education of good musical taste will have more concrete character if we are limited to a certain age. For example, from five to seven years. Education of musical taste at children to five and after seven keeps on the same three whales, but demands, naturally, special approach.

Learn musical taste of the child

Cultivating musical taste of the child, you do not start with a clean slate. The kid already has musical preferences. And sometimes they are difficult to explain. There are examples when the child about one year loves one music, and to another is indifferent. To learn these preferences, let`s the child listen to different music. Not only to classic. Let it will be both the song, and fate - N - a beater, and even a tekhnomuzyka. It is important not only in the informative purposes (to know the child better), but also because from any direction it is gradually possible to come to music classical, highly artistic.

Many classical works are processed by

in style fate, the jazz today, etc. it is not excluded that the child, having listened to these melodies in that style which is pleasant to it more, will be easier to perceive them then in original arrangement. And now about the main thing...

About perception of music

More precisely, about emotional perception. As music is perceived by the child at this age generally emotionally. It is the first and most important stage. Emotional perception of music, as, however, and painting, theater, literature - difficult mental process which it is necessary to approach, observing some care, not overloading with excessively bright impressions mentality of the child. You saw faces of children when they see a performance? In particular performance musical. One of authors quite often was to the son in 80 - ye years in Natalia Sats`s theater in Moscow and observed. The theatrical action strengthened by music calls scale of emotions in the young audience. For fear, almost horror to pleasure and triumph. All range of emotions. Any indifferent person. Only if something especially boring and unclear. But in Sats`s theater such performances were practically not.

cases when excessively susceptible children during a performance began to cry, loudly to shout Happened, and brought them out of the hall. Not incidentally at performances in Sats`s theater the doctor - the neuropathologist was always on duty.

Emotional perception - a necessary component of hearing of music and development of musical taste. Without the developed perception music turns into a noise background. Set of sounds. Senseless and useless. How it is possible to help the child 5 - 7 years to perceive music? Let`s consider several directions.

the Personal example

As well as in any other educational action, the personal example is the main thing. At joint hearing of music between the adult and the child there is a thin sincere communication. There is some kind of emotional contact. Joint empathy. It is useless to repeat many times to the child that it is remarkable music. If he feels (not so much sees how many he feels) that you are indifferent to music, words go to sand. And vice versa. If the child feels (children possess the increased emotional sensitivity) that you, listening to this or that music, rejoice, long, enjoy, your mood is inevitably transferred to him. The children of musicians (artists, actors) who chose a profession of the father or mother remember:“ Nobody specially brought up me. I absorbed love to music (painting, theater) since the childhood“. It is not a mere verbiage. So really also occurs. The emotional atmosphere, a personal example, a musical environment is and there are major factors in formation of perception of music.

Help to understand emotions

Children in 5 - 7 are not able to hide years emotions. When the child at this age perceives music, in other words, when music causes in it these or those emotions (a pacification, tranquility, pleasure, grief, grief, fear etc.) it is visible at once. The mood is written on his face. But sometimes from the first music is not perceived by the kid. Does not reach it. And then you can help. For example, questions which will help the child to hear this or that music anew. To plunge into it.

you listened to

together with the son or the daughter “A doll illness“ from “A children`s album“ of P. I. Tchaikovsky. Despite a “children`s“ plot, it is “on - to the adult“ the sad play. Here the approximate list of questions which you could set to the child.

- What it is music, cheerful or sad?

- What else words, except “sad“ it is possible to define mood of music?

Children are able to find

interesting definitions sometimes. One girl told:“ Autumn, lonely“.

- What place of the play especially uneasy?

in the middle of the play some increase of sounding and strengthening of emotions happens. It is important that the child is increase felt.

- You would long (we address the girl as boys seldom play dolls) if at you the doll ached?

- What to you likes more music - cheerful or sad? Strange, but answers in our practice were distributed approximately equally. Some children answer: “To me all the same“.

- You would like to listen to the play once again? Here most of our young respondents answers: “Yes. Only another time“. Probably, for today there were enough sad emotions.

- If needed to think up the name of the play how still it is possible to call it?

Some of respondents us were at a loss with the answer. It seemed to them that the name given by Tchaikovsky unique. But there were also answers:“ Mother left “, “ bad mood “, “ on the street a rain“, etc.

Continuation