Grain: ``educational program`` for parents of
a Specific place in food of children of early age is held by the products made on the basis of cereals. First of all it is, of course, grain from which cook porridges, baked puddings and other dishes. What grain is useful to kids and what it is better to refuse?
First course on the basis of grain which gets on a children`s table is porridge. According to recommendations of World Health Organization, porridge enter into the menu of kids after introduction of a vegetable feeding up. Let`s remind that the vegetable feeding up is recommended to be entered after 6 months, so porridges - in 6,5 - 7 months. However in some situations perhaps earlier introduction of porridges. It concerns those children who have a deficiency of body weight or tendency to ease of a chair (at the same time vegetable dishes can aggravate a situation).If for children 1 years of porridge are younger than
prepare from krupyany flour (it is received when crushing grains) or offer the baby the instantny porridges which are not demanding cooking, then after 1 year gradually pass to liquid porridges on the basis of whole grain. Closer by 2 years when the child has enough teeth and his chewing skills were already fixed, it is possible to offer the baby krupyany baked pudding and muesli.can be prepared for
of Kashi for children on water, on whole milk, on children`s dairy mix and on breast milk. As the first feeding up it is better to use nonmilk instantny porridges for baby food, having parted them with water, breast milk or dairy mix which the kid well transfers. If the baby has no allergic diseases and he well transferred introduction to a diet of cereals, in 2 - 4 weeks it is possible to offer it milk porridge.
For baby food are used also by the porridges made independently. In house conditions the first porridge is recommended to be cooked on half milk (i.e. milk is dissolved with water in the ratio 1:1). At good tolerance and lack of allergic reactions in 2 - 3 weeks it is possible to prepare for the child of porridge on whole milk. It should be noted that in recent years the tendency not to include whole cow`s milk in a diet of children was outlined 1 years in connection with a wide circulation of an allergy to protein of this milk are younger. Therefore if your child has hereditary predisposition to an allergy and also if at him these or those allergic manifestations already took place, it is better to cook for it porridges on water, adding breast milk or the adapted mix corresponding to age at the end.
What grain happens?
All types of grain products are a good source of carbohydrates which content can reach 60 - 70%. At the same time porridges contain a small amount of protein (7 - 13%) and fat (0,7 - 7%).
Though the content of the main nutrients (proteins, fats and carbohydrates) in different types of grain approximately identical, different types of grain and flour can significantly differ on the level of contents in them of vitamins and mineral salts. Also grain differs on the content of food fibers which, in turn, exert impact on growth of useful microflora in intestines, promotes a regular chair and removal of toxic products from an organism.
Buckwheat. Is a valuable source of vitamins of group B, magnesium and iron. Contains in buckwheat of iron in 6 - 7 times more, than in rice or, for example, a manna. Besides, it is rich with zinc and copper. Contains a large amount of vegetable cellulose (food fibers). Cellulose is necessary for normal functioning zheludochno - an intestinal path. It stimulates motility of intestines, increases volume and reduces density of kalovy masses, promoting prevention of locks; positively influences growth of useful intestinal microflora. Being a sorbent, cellulose promotes removal from an organism of harmful substances. Besides, the high content of food fibers in buckwheat provides timely emergence of feeling of saturation that the overeating and, as a result, obesity warns.
of Fig. Wins first place on the content of carbohydrates (generally starch which is very well acquired by the child`s organism). However the content of useful food fibers in rice grain is lower, than, for example, in buckwheat, oat or millet.
Corn grits. This grain is rich with starch and iron, vitamins of group B, E, A, PP, but the content of calcium and phosphorus in it is not too high. Distinctive feature of porridge from corn is its ability to slow down processes of fermentation in intestines, reducing a meteorizm (swelling) and gripes. Porridge from corn grits usually demands long cooking therefore earlier it was seldom used in food of small children. However modern soluble corn porridges do not demand long preparation and are easily acquired.
Grits. rather large amount of vegetable protein Contains. B1, B2, necessary for normal work of nervous system is vitamin-rich. Grits are “champion“ on the content of calcium and phosphorus, necessary for the growing organism for formation of a bone tissue and teeth. In its structure there is a lot of magnesium and iron. Grits contain the greatest number of vegetable (useful) fats and are rich with cellulose.
Millet. This grain is received from millet grains. Millet is rich with protein and cellulose, and also vitamins of group B.
Pearl-barley and yachnevy grain. they are received from shredded barley. If barley grits suit children of 1,5 - 2 more (its extent of crushing higher), then pearl-barley porridge is cooked for kids 3 years are more senior. Pearl barley is integral yachnevy the grains purified and polished, barley grits are not exposed to polishing therefore cellulose contains in it more. On the content of useful substances this grain is close to millet.
Semolina. it is made from wheat grains after they are cleared of the top layers (bran). (From wheat make whaet groats, semolina and flour - they differ with grinding degree: at whaet groats - the most rough, at flour - the smallest). Cream of wheat has high caloric content and is well acquired by a children`s organism. For this reason the semolina long time was included into the list of the main products for baby food in our country. However now do not recommend to offer semolina dishes to children till 1 year. At more advanced age it is desirable to use a semolina in limited quantity. Such recommendations are connected with the fact that semolina contains a large amount of vegetable protein of gluten that defines its high-allergenic properties.
Tseliakiya is a chronic hereditary disease at which the use in food of the grain products containing gluten leads to inflammatory process in a mucous membrane of intestines, to decrease in absorption of nutrients, a metabolic disorder, a gipovitaminoz (the state which is characterized by deficiency in an organism of these or those vitamins). The first symptoms of a disease appear more often at infantile age after the beginning of introduction to a diet of the kid of porridges and are characterized by weight reduction, increase in the sizes of a stomach, emergence of a liquid plentiful foamy chair. Disease symptoms quickly enough pass at an exception of a diet of the products containing gluten. The final diagnosis is established only after carrying out a biopsy of a mucous membrane of a lean gut. A basis of treatment of this disease is the diet excluding the products rich with gluten.
Semolina contains phytin in a large number - complex organic substance which connects calcium in intestines, reducing its assimilation by the child`s organism. Cream of wheat contains much less useful mineral substances, than, for example, buckwheat and oat. Prevalence of this porridge over others in a diet can lead to excess weight in connection with its high caloric content. Semolina is poor in vegetable fibers that, on the one hand, is minus. But on the other hand, thanks to this property cream of wheat is irreplaceable in food of the children who underwent an operation on abdominal organs (in the postoperative period) when appoint medical, chemically and physically sparing food (and klt - a chatka as it was told above, irritates a mucous membrane of intestines and stimulates motility zheludochno - an intestinal path).