Rus Articles Journal

How to choose to the child a layered clothing and the submaiden for winter of

of Children is dressed as athletes now. To this option many parents in a pursuit of convenience come: there is a wish to dress quicker, more conveniently and not by the principle of cabbage. Sometimes researches reach to the point of absurdity: well, the child does not need for city walks membrane fleece or expensive alpine skiing layered clothing. However you should not sneer at parents, it is inquisitive studying labels - in - the first, now many are engaged in alpine skiing sports, their view of clothes already differs from usual. In - the second, modern people like to study something. Purchase of a kidswear turns into acquaintance to new knowledge, but not just in fanatical attempts to choose something “it is better, than at all“.

So to dress the child by the principle of “sports sandwich“, it is necessary to get the submaiden and a layered clothing. These types of clothes often confuse. Many firms have a woolen linen, and in our consciousness wool is a synonym something prickly and thick. It is hard to present how the woolen thing is dressed on gentle skin of the newborn. But it is easy to change these stereotypes, having studied useful information. In total - the layered clothing is a linen, it is carried on a naked body, and the submaiden - the intermediate warmed layer which is put on linen. An exception - linen from wool for children about one year, it is used as a layered clothing plus the submaiden at the same time.

What is the submaiden?

the Word “submaiden“ belongs to informal conversation, on science the submaiden is a fishing. In parental language the submaiden (from “to pododet“) means a suit or overalls from fleece or wool. Other name “intermediate overalls“.

It can be as factory option, and hend - meyd (handwork). The submaiden put on under outerwear a layered clothing or a t-shirt plus tights (to kids - on bodik) at air temperature from - 12... - 15 degrees. A basic purpose of the submaiden - protection against cold and removal of moisture against a body. The material of which it is made is more qualitative, the moisture less chances is taken away better that the child will freeze. Thus, in a suit from grandmother`s wool, be it though what thick, it is simpler to freeze, than in thin modern fleece. In a thick suit it is possible to sweat and therefore to freeze, and fleece will quickly take away moisture, without absorbing it.

Set or overalls? Fleece or wool?

For children about one year the option of woolen or fleece overalls on buttons or on a lightning is ideal

. Pay attention that the fastener has to be long - to a groin, it will facilitate process of a clothing / undressing and change of a diaper. The fastener on a lightning has to have a soft corner on a neck - protection against jamming.

to Children is more senior than

choose the submaiden`s model at the personal discretion - whom what is pleasant. On some responses sets look more esthetic, and in fleece kombeza children are similar to Teletubbies. By the way, even pokhodnik and fishers often put on the integral submaiden for preservation of heat: looks extremely funny, but heats perfectly. It is noticed that it is difficult to some children to put on independently overalls - they stick and twist therefore, perhaps, for a garden it is better to get separate option. From an integral kombez the child will grow up quicker, than from a set, but, in principle, factory submaidens everything very well stretch, they last for two years.


As for the question “fleece or wool“, it is up to one year more preferable to the child woolen kombez, is one age more senior - besides at discretion. Be guided by the feelings. Some people have a prejudiced relation to synthetics, wool seems to others uncomfortable. On the heat-insulating properties if to compare qualitative fleece and qualitative wool, this almost same. Fleece “works“ for the body benefit better, it is easier, sports, the child can wear clothes from fleece in the cold summer and in the warm fall; the woolen set, perhaps, will be warmer, heavier, is hotter. But this statement, besides, does not concern expensive having hooked from thin wool.

the Submaiden should not be thick. Heat remains at the expense of special characteristics of fabric, thickness there is nothing here. Thickness of a covering is actual when the person lies in a bed under a blanket and is cold to it, or sits on the street in the winter, and is cold to it, and the warm thick plaid will rescue in both cases. When the person moves, he is heated by not thick clothes, but functional.


Is the synthetic wool made as follows: pile makes a whole with a basis, at the same time its fibers - hollow as air chambers. Qualitative fleece means. Unfortunately, at low-quality fiber can be not hollow, and it will not heat (warm air does not “grab“ fibers and does not remain in them). Besides at cheap fleece pile is simply pasted to a basis by hardworking Chinese handles. It quickly rolls down, losing the heatpreserving qualities. Therefore it is better not to buy the cheap “creaking“ fleece suits. By the way, any fleece therefore it is necessary to look after it correctly can roll down. Fleece does not absorb moisture, but carries out it further from a body. Perfectly holds heat. Fabric is very wearproof and durable. The Americans preferring sports style in casual clothes turned fleece into material from which they sew everything - from house-shoes to jackets and trousers.

the Most known fleece is Polartec of Malden Mills firm. It is made in America, at us it costs rather much. At the same time it not the best, and simply untwisted. There are flisa which are not conceding quality though people knowing (athletes), of course, more often choose products from a polartek. Each fiber inside hollow, has difficult structure and, in general, fabric polartek imitates hair of the Arctic animals. They say that pokhodnik began to call in abbreviated form polartek “polary“ - and rushed, now consumers with firmness confuse the names “just fleece“, “polar-fleece“ and so on. Sellers and producers successfully use confusion, giving fleece usual (perhaps, not less qualitative) for polartek. Other flisa make generally in Europe therefore they cost cheaper. Flisa differ on thickness and density: microfleece is suitable for a layered clothing, and the thickest (for example, Polartec - 300) it is possible to put on for conquest of the North Pole. The most widespread and suitable for our winter is thickness of 200 g/sq.m. Density provides a neproduvayemost, at the same time fabric has to breathe well - one more “plus“ to the untwisted brands.

If you buy by

a fleece set or overalls of well-known company, can not worry about whether it will heat. Precisely will be therefore choose a product by other criteria: a coloring, a style, convenience in clothing. Distinctions between the high-quality flisok types are insignificant. Standard options (about 200 g/sq.m) are very close on properties. If you order the submaiden from fleece to the seamstress, do not buy cheap fleece in the nearest shop - ask where sell good fabrics.

the Fleece submaiden is excellent option for carrying under the top membrane clothes. Often the firms which are letting out outerwear have also the submaidens suitable to the top products and even fastening to them by means of buttons. You should not combine the fleece submaiden with a fleece pad of the top overalls - from friction the static electricity is created. Well, and you can only be congratulated on a fleece pad, hardly the submaiden will be required in general - it is also so rather warm overalls. Fleece submaidens let out the following firms: Reima (Finland), RAISKI (Finland), Lassie (Finland), Ketch (Sweden) and others. The price differs slightly: from 1300 thousand for overalls, from 700 - 1000 rub for a separate thing in a set.

Care of products from fleece: to erase manually or in the washing machine at a temperature not higher than 40 degrees.

For washing use liquid means without bleaches. The clothes from fleece will serve longer if to erase it with use of the special sparing detergents (for example, Nikwax Tech Wash). It is impossible to iron and dry in the washing machine and on heaters. Hang up on a string or a hanger - will dry and will keep a decent look. In addition you watch recommendations to washing on a label. If your product from fleece has an uncertain origin - treat it more carefully (washing at a temperature not higher than 30 degrees), otherwise it is quickly deformed and will begin to roll down.


What is wool, are known by all. For an example we will take merino wool - children`s submaidens, romper suit, suits, thermocaps, thermosocks and another most often make of it. It is the wool taken from a merino (breed of sheep), and, sheared from withers where it is especially good. Possesses fine thermostatic properties, is hypoallergenic, does not irritate skin therefore from it sew not only intermediate overalls, but also linen - even for newborns.

should Look after products from merino wool as well as usual woolen things.

the Most burning question: whether it is possible to carry wool under a membrane. If at your winter membrane set there is a good heater, wool as the submaiden can be used. In other options (for example, with outerwear Reymatek or other easy “membranka“) it is necessary that the submaiden contained not less than 15% of synthetics. Many factory woolen submaidens already support her. If you order a woolen suit to the grandmother, then let she will add to knitting a synthetic crape (the sir, acryle).

Wool well absorbs moisture, but at the same time continues to heat. The child inactive (aged till 1 - 1,5 years) for walks at a temperature from - 10 with the wind or from - 15 degrees can put on the submaiden from free wool, to children is more senior wool / synthetics (the thin company “lasting“ submaidens) will approach. It is known that wool possesses ability to self-cleaning in the fresh air - air woolen products more often, do not lock them in the curtailed state in a dresser, and then you should not erase them often.

Woolen submaidens release

firms: Janus (Norway), KIVAT (Finland), Kerry (Estonia), and others. Price: from 1400 rub for overalls.

the Layered clothing

to Whom and when the layered clothing is useful? The more the child on the street sweats, the more overcools. That it did not occur, it is necessary that the clothes as soon as possible took away moisture, without allowing it to collect and freeze a body.

the Layered clothing perfectly carries out the moisture taking away function.

But in it will not be warmer than

, than in usual linen if the following layers of clothes do not support this function! That is, having put on “a modern entertainment“ the child, take care also of the following layers, they have to be functional (for example, fleece or wool with synthetics plus overalls on a modern heater). Also the layered clothing helps mothers of school students: not all teenagers agree to hook something in the winter under trousers. Especially boys. They can be enticed a layered clothing as clothes for strong sports men (not just some underpants). It is ideal to use a layered clothing for observance of the principle of multiple layers under membrane clothes.


As the layered clothing works?

Some mothers with doubt get a grasp of labels, trying to understand that here “thermo“ and where the promised space technologies - lavsan, it and in Africa lavsan. It is not space, and in structure of fabric. Distinctive feature of a layered clothing is its cellular structure. The cells adjacent to a body take away from it moisture, and the top cells “work“ for its maximum distribution on surfaces and fast evaporation. Cells also carry out function of “pockets“ which contain warm air. Adjoining to a body, air in fabric heats up to comfortable temperature, creating a protective layer. At the choice think what winter waits for you: mobile, kolyasochny, it is mobile - kolyasochny, sports. For each kind of activity on the street there is the type of linen. One models are calculated on intensive removal of moisture, at the same time almost do not heat, others perfectly heat and badly take away moisture.

How to carry?

On a naked body. It is used only for walks, and houses (in kindergarten, school) the child has to change clothes in natural fabric. Also be not afraid of merino wool - it is really hypoallergenic wool, very soft and gentle. From qualitative linen greenhouse effect is not formed, it is not necessary to be afraid of an overheat. Just other clothes overheat, and the layered clothing is thought specially up in order to avoid an overheat and overcooling. If strongly you are afraid - means, buy the child something another. The psychological barrier is the main obstacle in the correct operation of “modern“ clothes.

the Layered clothing surely has to fit tightly a body, otherwise it will not carry out the function.

Therefore it is chosen the size in the size or even one size less. An exception - kombinezonchik for kids about one year, they can be a little free.

How to choose?

All layered clothing can be divided into 3 look conditionally: heatpreserving (weak activity), moisture removing (active walk), mixed (combines functions of the previous two types). To the child since the birth to 1 - 1,5 years we choose the layered clothing containing not less than 50% of natural fabrics. Or linen from 100% of wool or silk - wool, cotton. Some firms have two-layer options for kids: the top layer - wool, and internal, adjacent to skin - cotton. Most likely, at a temperature to - 10 degrees, are more than nothing from clothes, except the top overalls, it will be required. Perhaps, nothing will be required and in a frost - responses show that, buying by the lyalka kombez from a merino, mothers save on additional warming.


to Lively children (of 1,5 - 2 to institute) will suit a layered clothing from polypropylene, polyester and other synthetics in mix with cotton or wool - or pure synthetics. At a temperature below - 10 degrees, perhaps, the fleece or woolen submaiden will be required - besides everything depends on quality of the top overalls. If you buy 100% the woolen linen to the child is more senior - surely try on it for check of feelings. Many children feel discomfort, despite all tenderness of products from a merino or a lama at once. Do not try to define the heat-insulating properties of a layered clothing to the touch, it should not be thick. It has to be qualitative: be guided by structure and “loud“ firm, the price of a good layered clothing does not happen low.

What brands to choose


As a rule, at all famous brands the linen is subdivided into above-mentioned types, and about what model will suit your child, you can learn from the consultant or on the website of firm.

Washing and leaving

Washing is not more often than once a week, at a temperature not over +40 º With with soap or liquid laundry detergent without bleach. It is possible to do it manually or in the washing machine on the “careful“ mode of washing with addition of a conditioner with antistatic and without extraction. The qualitative layered clothing at such leaving will not stretch and will keep all the properties. Woolen products surely air later socks.