Rus Articles Journal


the Old friend - are better new than two. And this is true. There are animals who near us, probably, from the moment of emergence of mankind: dog, cat, horse, cow...

are assistants and workers, useful, loyal and devoted friends. The person who towered over other mammals thanks to the intelligence managed to tame and subordinate those who were stronger, quicker, lovchy, are more hardy than him. In heat and a frost, in pleasure and a grief, in blossoming and need canine friends always were together with people - without them we just would not survive. And then they appeared - “useless“... Animals who are necessary to us “just like that“, as a hobby, for heat and a cosiness not to feel lonely that was about whom to care, rejoice, watching their amusing habits.

if with the bright, motley aquarian small fishes and birds charming hearing by singing everything is clear to

I, then with rodents to whom our heading, all much, is devoted much more difficult... How from where and why they came to us to the house?

of the Mouse - perhaps, one of the most ancient of “lovely useless pets“ of the person. Each certain little mouse taken in hand - any more not part of the terrible gray waving weight devastating barns as if a horde of a locust. It has eyes - beads and a brilliant hair. And as his microscopic pads, translucent ears with the translucent thinnest blood sosudika, the moustaches which are spread wide extensively are touching (well here you will do, time of people - such sentimental being)! Certificates on where the first decorative mice appeared, we will find in ancient China.

Exactly there, at the beginning of east culture, long before emergence of Christian European civilization, people already received the first ideas of genetics of rodents, breeding mice of various colors. In China the so-called “dancing“ mice enjoyed special popularity: alas, absolutely impractical individuals. Thanks to a certain psychosomatic defect, they broke movement coordination: these mice constantly move around as if waltz, for as received the name. Thank God, now this barbarous entertainment was a thing of the past - will never come to the modern person to mind to contain and produce sick animals.

With rats left even more interestingly. These “disgusting creatures“ stopped being those only after communication of the person with experimental laboratory animals: in the course of researches scientists suddenly found out that the rat has brilliant intelligence and fantastically friendly, tender character. And if to cross albinos and small animals to marking (pattern) on a hair, receiving all new and new interesting colors and markings, then it will turn out... At all not the “disgusting creature“, and even not absolutely “rat“ in habitual understanding of this word, and the lovely, cheerful and tender pet will turn out. However in Buddhist culture and Hinduism rats began to be worshipped many centuries ago. In ancient Japan the house was considered successful and prospering if there at least one “guest“ having a tail lodged, and to struggle with rats would come to nobody to mind.

the Indian god Ganesh - the cheerful, ridiculous humanoid with the head of an elephant - uses a rat as the riding animal. In India there is a temple devoted to the goddess - a rat which patronizes success in love and family affairs. It swarms rats!

What mysheobrazny rodents can give us? Decorative mice - very amusing and beautiful small animals whom it is very interesting to watch.

Fans of mice tell

about them so: “they are lovely and beautiful, and well equipped cage or a terrarium with mice remind an aquarium with multi-colored small fishes“. Rats are not so lovely and beautiful as mice - they are larger, and they have less colors, but if you want to become krysovody, then never you will regret about it! You do not receive such caress and communication, such devotion and tenderness from one animal! Saying goodbye to the Buddhist East, we will remind you one more interesting fact: in 12 - a summer cycle of east calendar to lovely toothy pussies it is devoted the whole two years: year of the Rat (sometimes it is called year of the Mouse) and year of the Rabbit (in some countries known as year of Kot, but all-)...

By the way, about rabbits. As we already spoke, rabbits - not absolutely rodents: they are very close to them genetically, however researchers allocate them in separate group of zaytseobrazny.“ Rabbit“ history took roots almost worldwide - myths, legends and tales of tricks and adventures of rabbits and hares contain the whole millennia too.

Domestication of a rabbit can be explained to

very simply: besides purely utilitarian qualities for the sake of which it was worth holding these animals the person, of course, could not but notice their charm, gay and orderly character. In the history of the Roman Empire the whole farms on which rabbits were kept in “industrial“ scales are mentioned. And here that interestingly - in some myths and fairy tales the hare and a rabbit are a smart hero - the pushful person, and in Christian culture - a symbol of mildness, tenderness and purity (not without reason and krolchatam abound with hares easter cards and souvenirs).

the Dwarfish rabbit living in the city apartment - not only a beautiful and lovely animal, but also rather clever, interesting being in communication. It is possible not only to let out a rabbit on walks on the room, but even to accustom to a toilet as a cat!

Guinea pigs and chinchillas came to us from far and mysterious South America. The Indians living in the world and harmony with the nature easily and easy “talked“ to the gods, were able to read sense in thunder peals, noise of a rain or a roar of a far rockfall. The nature cult at ancient tribes quite naturally was in harmony with a cult of the person - the strong and brave soldier easily communicating with gods capable to do everything possible and impossible. Heroes of their myths perfectly understood language of animals - and how the nobility whether it was only poetic fiction?

In any case, around dwellings of Indians of any creature much always. Flocks of guinea pigs (by the way, enough timid rodents) froliced near human housing and easily could come into the house; children played with them. Meat of guinea pigs and chinchillas was used in food, but not in barbarous scales, and as a delicacy and different diseases medicine.

Guinea pigs have no relation neither to the sea, nor to pigs: pigs they were christened by the seafarers investigating the mysterious South American nature and its inhabitants: beings with a round muzzle and specific pads - claws, at first sight something similar to hooves, caused associations with tiny pigs. In Great Britain and other English-speaking countries a guinea pig call not “sea“, but “Indian“, come on coast of foggy Albion and to Europe from the magic country red-skinned. And the name of a chinchilla came from the name of nowadays disappeared Indian tribe “chynchyl“. Unusually beautiful shinshillovy fur long time served Indians for production of especially elegant clothes and jewelry - before appearance of Europeans in America chinchillas in large quantities were not exterminated.

White barbarians who tore down the most ancient foundations of wild tribes threatened chinchillas of disappearance! If not legislative measures and not enterprise of one of the famous naturalists - researchers which began to breed with the first chinchillas in the conditions of a farm and extremely beautiful fur of fine safety (that is impossible in the wild nature) received, chinchillas would disappear from the face of the earth.

As chinchillas and guinea pigs live today?

to Support guinea pigs very interestingly: breeds and colors of these small animals - great variety! Besides external beauty and the sweet temper beginning the fan of these rodents waits for one more surprise - unusual “talkativeness“ of favourite pets! The matter is that guinea pigs publish very melodious and pleasant whistle, and at each animal - “voice“! If you are not confused by melodious trills of a live alarm clock which at 7 o`clock in the morning will want to regale and communicate to the owner, a guinea pig - your option!

the Chinchilla - real “queen“ of the world of decorative rodents. Tremendous beauty and grace, unusually developed intelligence and pronounced, capricious character, which at each animal absolutely, unique... The chinchilla - a small fluffy miracle which can be compared only to one animal - her Highness a cat who walks in itself, is stout self-respect and is regal - is tender with owners.

However chinchillas have also many “minuses“: this animal costs rather much and it is quite difficult in contents. Its magnificent wool the small animal should comb out, give periodically the chance to take sand “baths“, to keep a chinchilla in expensive, spacious cage and to watch strictly its diet. The chinchilla will hardly be suitable for the beginning fans and needy families: rather wealthy people with a large number of free time support this magnificent bohemian “aristocrat“ today. On the other hand - there would be a desire, and everything by all means will turn out!

Grudges that in scales of one journal article we had to walk only “on tops“. Try to look for information on decorative rodents and rabbits in the press, literature and the Internet - and you learn a lot of interesting! For example, about popularity of rodents in the world of art, cinema and show - business (they are loved and hold at themselves many stars!) how images of our lovely fluffy kids are beaten in literature, songs, the fine arts, animation... Whether these remarkable animals “are so useless“? To solve to you.

By the way, the cultivated rodents from year to year become more and more. Rodents - the most numerous group among mammals - as by the number of various families and types, and on their huge number. Several years ago we did not suspect that we will keep in houses to a tag, the Mongolian sandworts, thorny mice... And who knows - that he will be tomorrow? Anyway, it will not be bad - to either new exotic pets, or their to the loving owners.

the Culture of keeping of rodents constantly increases; special fodder mixes and vitamin supplements are developed for new and new animal species. Also the veterinary science does not stand still - still quite recently most of doctors did not undertake to treat such animals, rather primitive therapeutic measures were applied to them (and what to speak about the most difficult surgeries!).

Today by means of the latest inventions almost impossible became possible: successful operations on removal of tumors, cardiography, stomatology... Manufacturers, enthusiasts from clubs and nurseries cooperate with scientists and doctors, considering at selection not only an exterior of animals, but also choosing for cultivation of the healthiest individuals from a good family tree. “Gryzunomaniya“ moves with great strides, fans of these animals become more and more every year. Who knows, suddenly you - one of them? Well, welcome to an interesting, wonderful world - the world of little pets!