From experience of collectors. From a leaf to the child of
you got new grades or just decided to multiply the favourite fialochka by means of sheet shanks. There is a question - as it is more correct, more conveniently and quicker to implant them?
From 2000 we tried many ways on reproduction of violets sheet shanks and we want to share the most convenient and pleasant to us options.If you took
a shank from the healthy plant, it is possible to start rooting without any preliminary actions. If you received it from others collection, it is desirable to wash out a leaf in weak (faintly - pink) potassium permanganate solution - so you remove possible microorganisms.
In case the shank lost elasticity, for example, after long transfer, it is necessary to ship completely it in water for a while until it gains normal turgor (on average at several o`clock).
the question Rises: how it is better to implant - at once in a substratum or at first to couch in water? For a skilled fialkovod of a difference is not present (we put in a substratum at once). But for the beginning fan we all - would advise to put at first a leaf in water. If something is not pleasant to it and the shank will begin to rot - you will see it at once and will manage to update a cut and to implant it anew. In a substratum there is a probability that you will not notice it in time.
On our supervision, shanks well give backs both in transparent, and in opaque ware (glass, plastic). However in crystal capacity shanks of roots do not form!What to take
water? We implanted both in boiled, and in ordinary of - under the crane (otstoyenny 1 days), and in weak solution of complex fertilizer - result good in all cases. Tried to take the water passed via the household filter - the bulk of shanks did not give roots.
If you implant a shank in water, it is not obligatory to place it under a cellophane package (parnichok). Attentively watch a leaf: if everything is good - in 2 weeks gentle backs will appear. Do not wait that they outgrew: 0,5 - 1 cm is enough to replace a shank in a substratum. If the cut began to rot, make a new cut, wash out it in weak solution of potassium permanganate and put in pure ware with other water.
the excellent way of rooting Is (it will also be suitable for whimsical grades which persistently do not want to give backs in water): the moss - a sphagnum undertakes, fresh (from the wood) or stored in the raw, and rykhlo it is put in a cellophane package. On it leaves flatwise keep within, cuts are symbolically covered with a moss. The package is densely tied (packages “with the lock“ well will approach), we put it in warm (24 º C) the place, lighting during rooting does not play a special role. At this way backs turn out dense and all equally developed. On it the same 2 weeks will leave. If you pay attention, then will notice, as the moss during this time began to grow. And it means that it actively allocates sfagnol (bactericidal fenolopodobny substance), and, probably, therefore shanks practically do not rot.
So, your shank had backs. In what you will grow up it further? We tried several substrata. Well proved cultivation in a cut sphagnum on wick watering with microfertilizer solution. Children turn out much, they are well developed. On usual watering it is better to use mix of a cut sphagnum in half with the red removed peat. Results too very good. If to implant in substrata which part any earth is the percent of the rotting shanks increases. An indispensable condition (out of it is dependent on structure of a substratum) is the room of shanks in a parnichok or under a cellophane package.
Many use peat tablets for rooting. For those at whom not really large number of violets, is a convenient way.
If the shank successfully took roots, well feels, but does not want to give the child, it is necessary to stimulate it! For this purpose we usually cut off the top third of a leaf. As a rule, it helps - children appear after a while.
of Feature of rooting at once in a substratum. Before rooting make a fresh slanting cut. Scape length - about 3 cm which is buried at 1 - 1,5 cm in a substratum under an inclination. The substratum has to be rather damp, but not too wet. And that the leaf did not lose excess moisture, cover it with a plastic bag. Shanks well take roots at a temperature over 20 degrees. On average in 2 - 3 weeks backs appear. Depending on a grade, children are formed in 1,5 - 3 months from landing. On our supervision if more than three months the shank does not give children, then, as a rule, the posterity from it will not be.
At some grades with curly leaves of the child, growing up, begin to rest against the lower part of a leaf. We advise to cut off these “curls“ that they did not prevent to develop to the younger generation.
By our experience, the size and “age“ of the child have no crucial importance at separation from a shank - at each grade the term. The main thing that at the child several backs were created at least. Then the separation from the parent will pass successfully. Usually from rooting of a shank to office of the child passes on average 2 - 3 months.
: at separation from a shank of several children, some of them already have backs, and at someone else is not present. Do not throw out kids: put several pieces in one pot and cover with a film - as well as all separated children. The majority of crumbs will get accustomed and will soon catch up with larger brothers.
If at a leaf only one child, it is possible to land them together in a pot, without dividing still any time. Then the leaf can just be pinched off.
correctly to separate children from a shank, in one hand take all children at once, and in another - a shank. And, carefully shaking, divide them. After that children separate from each other very easily.
of the Child from poecilophyllous grades absolutely white not seldom appear. It is necessary to wait that they grew up, and at least the part of leaves got green coloring - only after that they can be otsazhivat from a shank. Otherwise, white children will die without nutrients which are produced by means of a chlorophyll.
Mix for change of the child will depend on in what way you plan to water a plant. If it is wick watering, then we recommend use of landless mix. If watering is usual, then it is possible to use such mix: one part of the sheet or garden earth, one part of a cut moss - a sphagnum and one part of the red removed peat. At sufficient watering and regular top dressing on such substratum at you the beautiful healthy plant will grow.
Approximately in about 10 days after office needs to begin to accustom the child to those conditions where it will grow further: periodically we slightly open cellophane and we watch its state.At this stage you can already assume
that it is possible to expect from the child. For example, pay attention to an unusual form or coloring of leaves - most likely such plants will not blossom on a grade. However, sport can be be sometimes much more interesting than a grade. But that the most pleasant in reproduction of violets sheet shanks, so this that, each of leaves gives, as a rule, several children, the majority of whom will blossom on a grade!