Scarlet fever of
Scarlet fever was considered as one of the most horrible children`s diseases earlier. In last centuries it claimed a set of the children`s lives. But also now, when it is already known, than she is called and as it to treat, scarlet fever is not considered a simple disease as can give many complications. Therefore if you suspect that your child has a scarlet fever, then it is better to call the doctor.
Scarlet fever - the children`s infectious disease caused by a hemolytic streptococcus. Generally children have scarlet fever, but also adults who have no immunity to scarlet fever sometimes get sick. The hemolytic streptococcus emits toxin (poison) which causes all symptoms of a disease in blood.As can catch
scarlet fever? The disease is transmitted vozdushno - a drop way from the sick person to healthy at cough, sneezing, just at conversation. Besides, the causative agent of scarlet fever can get to the child`s organism through various objects: toys, ware, products, badly washed up hands etc. And, at last, it is possible to catch from the carrier of a hemolytic streptococcus which is not ill and does not even suspect that it is the carrier.
Symptoms of scarlet fever
the Incubatory period (time from the infection moment before emergence of the first symptoms of a disease) scarlet fevers has duration from several hours to 12 days. Under the influence of the toxin emitted by a hemolytic streptococcus on skin of the child there is very small merging rash which turns pale when pressing. Rashes are especially intensive on internal surfaces of hands and legs (especially, in the field of bends), on a trunk and on a face. Free from rash is only a place around a mouth and a nose.
Other feature of scarlet fever is defeat of an oral cavity. Language under the influence of toxins gains saturated red color with the acting nipples (“crimson“ language). Purulent quinsy with sharp temperature increase, a sore throat and a swelling a number of the located lymph nodes develops.
the Condition of the child can improve even without treatment in several days. Rash turns pale and begins to be shelled. The peeling is especially characteristic of palms and soles - here skin can climb up layers. The peeling proceeds about a week. In spite of the fact that symptoms of a disease pass quickly enough, the patient is infectious within three weeks. After the postponed scarlet fever there is a resistant immunity for the rest of life.Even the easy course of scarlet fever can give to
heavy complications. Complications can be early and late.
Early complications of scarlet fever
Early complications are a distribution of an infection on surrounding bodies and fabrics (abscesses, a purulent inflammation of a middle ear, etc.) . At a serious illness the infection to blood vessels can extend in the remote bodies and fabrics where there is also a purulent inflammation (for example, an inflammation of kidneys).
Effect of toxin on internals (mainly on heart and kidneys) can cause violation of their function approximately on the second week of a disease. The child complains of breast pains, short wind. This serious complication, it demands supervision of the doctor, but it proceeds not long.
At severe forms of scarlet fever blood vessels can be surprised that causes internal bleedings. Brain bleedings are especially dangerous.
Late complications of scarlet fever
Late complications of scarlet fever are allergies. Allergic reactions after scarlet fever most often arise at the wrong treatment and are terrible complication as under the influence of a hemolytic streptococcus there is a strong sensitization of an organism (the immune system rises in defense against an external aggressor and begins to destroy everything, including own fabrics). The most often meeting late complications:
- articulate rheumatism - the disease usually develops 2 weeks later after the postponed scarlet fever; there are pains and a swelling in joints (is more often in large); if heart is not surprised, then articulate rheumatism passes without serious consequences;
- rheumatic defeat of valves of heart - it is irreversible and can be eliminated only by means of a surgery as valves of heart are thickened and broken off, blood circulation is broken; allergic damage of kidneys (glomerulonefrit)
- - it is also very heavy complication; after recovery from scarlet fever at the child high temperature suddenly rises, there are waist pains, hypostases develop;
- allergic damage of a brain (Sidengam`s trochee) develops in 2 - 3 weeks after recovery from scarlet fever; appears the uncontrollable movements in extremities, gait, the speech is broken; such changes can sometimes remain for the rest of life.
Treatment of scarlet fever
To treatment of scarlet fever are applied by antibiotics within 5 - 7 days.observance of a bed rest before full decrease in temperature, plentiful drink (the prevention of toxic complications) Is obligatory for
. The food has to be liquid or semi-fluid with some restriction of proteins - it promotes the prevention of the raised organism allergization.