Ivy not only the spiderman of
Pots with various plyushchik are bought up in shops first of all. And it is unsurprising: this flower is unpretentious and is suitable for any room conditions.the Small graceful plant can be delivered to
on a window sill. Grown up, with long escapes, - to suspend in a cache-pot and to grow up as ampelous or to force it to climb up upward. Having risen highly, the ivy can twist all window or all ceiling. It is very simple to turn it and into original live sculptures or into graceful plakuchy trees, and to make something of slow-growing types, similar to a bonsai.
the Ivy - an evergreen liana from family araliyevy. In the nature it is widespread in dry and humid subtropics of Europe, America, North Africa and Asia. In a sort there are 15 types. The ivy is most known ordinary (Hedera helix). There are uncountable kinds and grades of this ivy for cultivation in the room differing with the size, a form and coloring of leaves. The form of a kristat (Hedera cristata) with large, roundish, corrugated leaves, motley or even absolutely white on coloring is most original.at
the ivy ordinary quickly Grows. On its stalks there are air roots - suckers by means of which the plant easily climbs up up.the ivy is Less widespread
Canary (Hedera canariensis). It has larger leaves, but it grows slowly, and on its escapes there are no air roots so it needs support.
the Ivy - the plant hardy, maintaining both a heat and drafts though the windows coming to the North and cool rooms are optimum for it, is especially pure - to green grades. Poecilophyllous plants demand more light, but do not transfer a bright sun. In dark places and on the sun their pestrolistnost can disappear.the Ivy is unpretentious
to soil. He can be imprisoned in any land mix: both rich with a humus, and poor. Most often the substratum is made of equal parts of the washed-out sand, the cespitose earth and humus. But it is possible to put him and in any other mix, in that that you have near at hand, the ivy will not die and will even grow not bad.
In the room the ivy does not blossom, in nature blossoms in case plants, having climbed up tree top, get from a shadow on light. The flowers collected in semi-spherical umbrellas appear in September - October, and it is possible to see on escapes Xing in the winter - black poisonous berries. They ripen next spring.
a plant is watered in the Summer plentifully, but too strong watering can lead to yellowing of leaves. In the winter of water it is required for watering less, but you should not bring an earth lump to dryness.From time to time the ends of stalks of an ivy prishchipyvat
that grew lateral escapes. The cut-off tops use as shanks. Surely delete the green escapes appearing sometimes on plants with motley leaves.
Replace an ivy in the spring: young plants - annually, adults - in a year in pots of bigger diameter.by
From shortcomings of an ivy notes only possible drying of leaves. There is it in the winter from - for low humidity of air when batteries of a central heating work. But regular spraying of leaves allows to avoid such trouble.Leaves on an ivy stick to
, as a rule, long, but if old stalks suddenly begin to become bare, it does not matter. Once you press them a wire to the earth and to powder with the earth or to press down a moss, and without special work they will get accustomed. It is better to cut off and divide too expanded bared stalks into shanks nevertheless;“ penek“, remained in a pot, in a month - another will flush.the Shanks put in water give to
roots at all seasons of the year. In greenhouses where air more damp, them it is possible to put in pots with the friable earth at once. They get accustomed quickly. For bigger decorative effect place 3 - 5 shanks 8 - 20 centimeters long in each pot.
the Most often meeting wreckers on an ivy: kleshchik and shchitovka. That plants did not ache, regularly wash them under a shower and periodically, at least once in two - three months, process from a red kleshchik fitovermy (see. “Science and life“ № 7, 1998) or karate. It is much more difficult to fight against a shchitovka, system insecticides, such as aktelik are required. Therefore upon purchase it is necessary to examine attentively on plants all leaves not to pass the wrecker.
the Tree from an ivy
to receive such tree, two - three escapes of any ivy impart on a fatsia Japanese (a room araliya) or to a fatskheder.
the Fatsia Japanese (Fatsia gapenica) - a houseplant with brightly - green brilliant leaves for cool (6 - 16 ° C) and light rooms (see a photo below on the right).Fatskheder`s (Fatshedera)
- an unpretentious fast-growing hybrid of a fatsia and an ivy with brilliant green or it is motley - whitish leaves, smaller, than at a fatsia. Well grows even in not too light place (see a photo below at the left).
At a young stock (fatsias or fatskheder) in process of growth are deleted by all lateral escapes, leaving leaves. When the main escape (a trunk of future tree) reaches the necessary height (from 0,5 to 1 m), its top is cut off, and itself stvolik tied to a support. On the cut-off top do cuts (see drawing) 2,5 cm in depth and insert into them four shanks of an ivy. A junction tie with a twine from natural fiber (see a photo above in a frame). The imparted plant is held at a temperature of 16 ° With and high humidity of air that promotes the best accretion of an inoculation.the bonsai
In style For graceful, tiny composition a narrow-leaved form of an ivy. The plant is planted in low ware of small volume, it is better than neutral tone and a rectangular shape. The soil select stony: in equal parts the cespitose soil, humus, sand and a brick crumb. As the rock use a stone with the convenient depressions in the ground capable to hold roots of an ivy and the soil sufficient for its food. One of the main escapes of an ivy in process of growth is inclined over the rock, and it soon takes naturally hung form. That the ivy clustered, other escapes often prishchipyvat.
Composition is kept at a solar window, under the scorching beams. In such extreme conditions the ivy slows down the growth.