Rus Articles Journal

What materials for repair it is possible to call environmentally friendly repair of

environmentally friendly? The answer arises by itself: natural. Certainly, a tree - the most highly eco-friendly product for construction, however, our houses are under construction not of a tree, and of cement and concrete. Besides, beginning repair in the apartment, we think a little of environmental friendliness of those materials which will be used.

Sometimes after apartment renovation turn into the real dushegubk full of lead, phenol, toluene, acetone and still god knows what chemistry. Though environmentally friendly repair - concept very conditional, however, can try to be chosen such materials for arrangement of the housing which will minimize our daily poisoning.

Experts in the field of construction and repair claim that only 25% of construction and finishing materials are ecologically safe. The others can do serious harm to human health. Therefore special “contribution“ to pollution of our houses is made first of all by finishing materials and furniture.

of Radiation...

Radiation is one of the most dangerous types of radiations. It cannot be eliminated, it is only possible to prevent. Therefore, choosing finishing materials for repair of your house, you remember that except concrete and a brick, can radiate radiation also also natural stones. However the stone has the natural radioactive background therefore when purchasing take an interest in existence of the testimony of radiation quality of goods. In total there are three classes of a radiation background of breed, from them in premises it is allowed to use only granites of the third class. The class is specified in the passport of the field. It is possible to avoid radiation if to use an artificial stone in finishing - it does not “indicate radioactivity“ at all, however, consists of concrete, expanded clay and artificial paints. The last can be carriers of harmful substances too.

Electromagnetic radiation makes not less harmful effects on a human body. Its most harmless consequences - headaches and high fatigue, worst of all - dysfunctions of urinogenital system and cancer. A source of the electromagnetic field, as a rule, are the power cables connected with violation of safety measures and also illiterately laid electrical wiring, distributive guards, transformers and even electric heaters. Especially it is worth paying attention to so-called “heat-insulated floors“. Some of their types give tenfold increase in electromagnetic radiation, and even the most harmless versions - exceed norm by 3 - 5 times.“ The heat-insulated floor“ is not recommended to put in nurseries and bedrooms as it is senseless to shield its radiation.

... and pollution

the Most dangerous pollution are chemical. Concrete, plaster, a carpet, heaters, glues, various paints and varnishes can become their source. Phenol, formaldehyde, lead, toluene, a xylol, ammonia, and also microscopic cement and silicate dust - all this adversely influences human health. Therefore repair time resembles environmental disaster in separately taken room - new materials begin to emit actively harmful substances which interact with each other, generating new even more harmful, connections. Result - the lowered immunity at inhabitants of the apartment, a disease of a liver, kidneys, TsNS and respiratory organs. It is possible to choose, of course, materials (paints, glues, varnishes and so forth) with markings “ecologically safely“, however, everything in this world is relative and this inscription means only that the content of harmful impurity in finishing materials does not exceed maximum permissible norms. Therefore it is not recommended to live in the apartment where there is a repair and after repair within 3 - 6 months it is necessary to air all rooms intensively.

Saprofita`s

, fungi and a mold is microorganisms which pollute premises and become the reason of manifestation of allergic reactions and different respiratory diseases. Most often microorganisms appear where the room microclimate is broken, excessive moisture accumulates, and, thus, favorable conditions for development of microflora appear. Poisoning with mold mushrooms can lead to very serious consequences. Therefore during repair strictly you watch that technologies of construction of designs, their isolation and warming were not broken. Carefully think over system of ventilation, put humidifiers if air in the house very dry.

Ceilings

Any expert will tell

to you that for ceilings the ideal decision is a vodoimulsionny paint. It was created especially for these purposes. False ceilings save dust that is harmful to lungs, and tension - can emit phenol. There is a question what to choose, beauty or health? It is quite logical that in bedrooms and nurseries it is the best of all to manage harmless paint and if there is an intolerable wish for beauty, then it is the best of all to make other types of ceilings in those rooms which are least of all used - drawing rooms, the general rooms, corridors. It is not recommended to do stretch and false ceilings in bathrooms and in kitchen as surplus of heat and moisture can not only spoil them, but also to lead to excess release of harmful substances.

Seeking to decorate the nursery, many parents paste the shining stickers imitating the star sky on a ceiling. Such stickers may contain unhealthy children phosphorus.

we Choose as
wall-paper and glues

of Types of wall-paper in the modern market - great variety. In such abundance it is easy to be lost, having lost sight of the main thing - quality. As it is strange, but the safest natural wall-paper, they the cheapest - paper. Fashionable flizelinovy wall-paper - synthetic, they, of course, is safe for people, but all the same concedes natural on environmental friendliness.

of Special attention are deserved by cullets. In some European countries they pasted over medical institutions. The matter is that initial material for their production was glass of which do special fiber and weave wallpaper cloths. Glass - a product natural, in its production use quartz, soda and lime therefore, cullets are absolutely safe for premises, and on quality do not concede to fashionable flizelinovy. Besides cullets have high durability and they can be washed even with use of detergents.

For finishing of walls in the apartment experts do not recommend to use paints - polymers, oil paints, pith coverings and panels. Also pay attention to observance of technology of laying of sound insulation if in it there is a need. And for wall-paper choose organic glues on a starched or casein basis. All glues are divided into three groups: organic, inorganic (silicate) and synthetic. Synthetic glues contain unhealthy solvents (acetone, phenol, a dichloroethane and so forth) and silicate are water solutions of metasilicate of sodium which gives strong alkaline reaction. Alkali corrodes surfaces, from it paper quickly turns yellow and becomes fragile. Therefore for repair work it is the best of all to use organic glues, in particular, glues on a starched or casein basis are suitable for wall-paper. Children`s it is the best of all for p to paste over

with usual paper wall-paper. It, in - the first, safely, and in - the second, is practical. Many children like to peel wall-paper and to draw on them so as soon as kids grow up a little, parents are waited anyway by repair, at least, in the nursery.

Parquet, laminate, carpet or linoleum?

it would Seem to

, the safest floor from the point of view of ecology is a parquet. The natural tree, better does not happen. However and it is necessary to varnish or rub it with mastic, otherwise, it quickly will lose a look. Both the varnish, and mastic will manufacture the mass of harmful substances in the atmosphere therefore as it is not offensive, but a parquet in the list of safe materials for finishing of floors not the first. The first there are a laminate (only not from cheap segments), and also natural stones and porcelain tile which passed the radiological examination. Cheap laminates often emit formaldehyde therefore their use is not recommended at all.

Other safe material for a floor - linoleum which successfully came out the category of “sovok“ materials. Good qualitative linoleum sometimes so successfully imitates a natural parquet that at first sight you will not distinguish. Besides linoleum easily keeps within, easily washes and long serves. The only thing what it is worth paying attention to is a glue which is used for linoleum laying, it may contain harmful substances.

the Carpet is considered

one of the most environmentally friendly floors, however, too on condition that it is made of natural fabrics - wool and silk.

Double-glazed windows or the windows “on-a starinka“

do not build Presently houses without double-glazed windows any more, under them the system of ventilation pays off already in advance. However for the present there is a lot of old houses with usual wooden frames. Therefore, beginning repair in the old house, we first of all change wooden windows for plastic windows. They have the high noise-insulating and heatpreserving rates, however, in them there is no ventilating gap that can lead to ventilation violation. It it is necessary to consider and put double-glazed windows with special ventilating valves.

by

At one time conducted many disputes on material of which plastic profiles of new generation of windows - PVC (polyvinylchloride) are made. Many experts doubted its environmental friendliness, however, as a result it became clear that PVC is harmless if it not to burn. At a temperature up to 60 degrees from it practically nothing will be manufactured. Therefore PVC is actively used in production of bathroom equipment, linoleum, vinyl wall-paper, in any case to say even if glasses for children`s yogurts and those make of PVC!

of Fear that the double-glazed windows installed on South side of the apartment can become the reason of release of harmful substances, are absolutely unreasonable. In - the first, PVC does not heat up to 60 degrees from only one sun, and in - the second, unhealthy substances are emitted from material only when burning.

the Bathroom, kitchen and the nursery

the Bathroom - the place special. The increased humidity and frequent difference of temperatures oblige us to trim the room with the corresponding materials. Paint, plastic panels, stretch ceilings - all these materials are ineffective for bathrooms and besides fill with misgivings from the point of view of environmental friendliness. As a result of difference of temperatures and high humidity, under panels and a ceiling there can be a mold or fungi that dispute will lead to rotting and allocation harmful to an organism. Types of the paints steady against differences of temperatures and high humidity, contain harmful substances, for example, lead that too does not fit the definition of environmentally friendly repair.

Therefore in a bathroom most often use an old kind tile or natural marble. Both safely for health also does not need special leaving.

Kitchen - the place where many of us spend the most part of house time. Besides here we cook food so it will be more expedient to use the most resistant of natural materials which are easily giving in to washing. In a nursery everything owes special. Natural materials, wooden furniture without varnishes and paints, natural textiles - here guarantee of health of your child.

Six rules of environmentally friendly repair:

the Majority of construction and finishing materials from the point of view of ecology are not absolutely pure

, but many of them are quite suitable for repair and are safe for health, the main thing, not to seek to save to the maximum and to remember that health all - is more important.