Rus Articles Journal

The final of fall

would Seem, in November gardeners and summer residents can have a rest rightfully from an intense season, however there are such works which are caused by arrival of cold weather. In a kitchen garden in the first decade of November at cold weather approach it is necessary to warm burta, cellars, storages. To clean the decayed root crops and to throw out. Those root crops which lay near the diseased need to be used urgently, and it to fill up the place with sand.


If on walls of cellars forms condensate, vegetables should be covered with straw or sawdust that on them moisture did not get. In case of the increased humidity put to the place of storage a box with not extinguished lime or salt, or charcoal. These substances absorb moisture from air. If humidity needs to be increased - put a box with wet sand. In the same time in an orchard it is necessary to manage to clear shtamba and skeletal branches of the died-off bark. Together with bark scratch out on a laying cocoons of caterpillars, layings of eggs of various wreckers then burn a laying.

Before loss of snow put the poisoned baits in holes of rodents. Before snow lays down, finish whitewashing of shtamb and bases of skeletal branches with lime or the VS garden paint - 511. Young trees (till 15 years) tie with fir twigs or roofing felt.

before hard frosts, there is not enough snow so far, prepare shanks for a winter and spring inoculation. It is the best of all to store them in a snow burt: turn in a film together with snow, and dig a parcel during snow. If snow did not drop out yet, shanks can be stored in the home refrigerator, but for this purpose truncate them, having cut on 2 - 3 parts, turn in damp matter or paper, give up in a thin plastic bag “head“. Clean to the cellar of a dichka - stocks for a winter inoculation of an apple-tree, a pear.

In the second decade of November to gardeners should check a condition of heads of cabbage. If 2 - 3 top leaves dried up - do not hurry to remove them as in dry leaves the head of cabbage will well remain, but if the leaf turned black and became wet, the head of cabbage needs to be smoothed out to a healthy leaf. At repeated emergence of slime on leaves the sick part of a head of cabbage needs to be cut off, and to use other in food. Emergence of slime means that the cabbage began to hurt a mucous bacteriosis. The room at the same time should be aired. In a garden after approach of easy steady frosts in the absence of snow cover wild strawberry with leaves of forest trees or a layer of dry peat. Over a mulch it is possible to spread out fir twigs. At approach of long warming remove shelter, otherwise plants can will prop up.

At desire can cut a honeysuckle 20 - 25 cm long prirosta for reproduction by odrevesnevshy shanks. You store them till spring in a snow burt or in sand in the cellar. Last decade of November it is possible to begin an onions vygonka. For cultivation of green onions use the ripened onions bulbs - selection of the mnogozachatkovy grades having a short dormant period such as Bessonovsky local, Pogarsky, and local - Arzamas, Rostov, Spassky and others. Bulbs of these grades form 3 - 5 leaves of one rudiment. The bulb is larger, the productivity is higher. It is possible to grow up onions in potter`s pots or in the boxes filled by soil mix. Good results are yielded by vygonochny long-term onions: shnitt and Welsh onion. The harvest from them was cut off at the end of September, and plants were left on storage in an open ground. They are brought to the house, thawed, landed in pots and in two weeks receive the first cut of fresh vitamin greens. In November check readiness of the composts put last year, shovel them and cover for the winter with the warming materials.

Begin with

preparation of greenhouses for a new season at this time. Close up all cracks and gaps in greenhouses, coat glasses, deliver organic fertilizers, dig over the soil.

the cauliflower Stored in hotbeds or the cellar without light by the end of November - to the beginning of December forms good heads which mass almost trebles by this time due to outflow of nutrients from leaves. Hotbeds (hotbeds, but not greenhouses) open, harvest and clear them of the earth and humus.

the Effective way of storage of root crops - in clay which is dissolved to a smetanoobrazny state. In the prepared talker lower a root crop, and then dry it on air and put in boxes. On 10 kg of root crops 3 kg of clay are required. Also the rare way of storage giving good effect is known: spraying of root crops before laying on storage by infusion from dry scales of onions. On 10 l of warm water take 300 g of dry onions scales, insist 4 - 5 days, filter and spray root crops.

If the radical zone of bushes in a garden remained nezamulchirovanny, cover it with dry leaves.

it is frequent in November also the sleet drops out plentiful friable. It is especially dangerous to those winter grades of an apple-tree at which leaves are not completely dumped. In the same situation sometimes there are also young landings which during the leena - the autumn period often watered and plentifully fertilized nitrogen. At such plants which tightened growth on the ends of one-year escapes there are a lot of leaves. Heavy snow, collecting on leaves and branches, puts to escapes serious damages, especially at grades and breeds with fragile wood at which branches break. In such cases snow should be shaken off from branches. It is expedient to shake off from snow even in February, for example, in thaw.

recommends to Do

it by means of a pole which end has to be tied with a sacking or have a hook. It is possible to shake off with hands snow at first from the lower boughs, and then and with located above.