Frogs in an aquarium of
Representatives of family pipovythe Greek word “amphibian“ (two-vital) best of all characterizes by
a frog habitual to us, brown or green. From a school course of zoology all know that frogs and toads - beings amphibious, closely connected at once with two habitats. But there are sixteen species of the exotic frogs interesting by the almost “fish“ way of life. Scientists subdivide these “originals“ into four sorts which in general make family of pipovy (Pipidae).
The one who read Gerald Darrell`s story “Three tickets to Edvencher“ at the word “pip“ will remember a Surinam “toad with pockets“ - large, up to 20 centimeters long, with very ridiculous, in my opinion, appearance and extremely interesting way of reproduction. Her African relatives - shportsevy frogs - in two last decades turned into ordinary aquarian pets (being, however, living creatures “on the fan“).
Representatives of family of pipovy can live in the reservoirs which are strongly polluted, grown poor by oxygen, but in aquariums do not transfer even small concentration of the free chlorine dissolved in water or chloroamines. These frogs extremely seldom come out of the water. Due to life under water of an eye became at them small and lost a century, and language and an eardrum atrophied. The anatomy of extremities also underwent changes: between fingers of powerful hind legs the swimming membrane considerably increased, and at some types the membrane arose even on forepaws.
the Majority of frogs of this interesting family lives in East and South Africa. Only five types making the sort Pipa inhabit reservoirs of South America.
the Most numerous and available to the aquarian - shportsevy frogs. Gimenokhirusa and dwarfish pipa very seldom are available for sale and cost much. Little young frogs are very similar in appearance. Adult individuals accurately differ according to physical characteristics, and it is already impossible to confuse types.
of Shportsevaya the frog has strongly developed brawny hind legs which fingers come to an end short (2 - 3 millimeters) and sharp black claws - peculiar “spurs“. These frogs call also sharp-clawed. By means of claws they are protected from small predators and keep among stalks of plants, resisting to a current of water. Forward legs - short, with long slender fingers without membranes. Length of a trunk of polovozrely frogs from 6 to 13 centimeters. The head is small, flat, a muzzle short, round, eyes are turned up. On sides at adult animals organs of touch in the form of a dotted line - similarity of a sideline at fishes are noticeable. Males there are much less females, the anal opening at a female is covered with three skin folds.
From five types shportsevy frogs (sort Xenopus) real house aquarian and laboratory. On the homeland - in Africa (from Kenya and Angola to Cape Town) it inhabits both temporary pools, and constant reservoirs with landlocked water. Leads an inactive life, likes to luxuriate in ooze and in silt where it buries almost completely. At the same time is the good swimmer capable to leave dexterously from a predator - the persecutor.
Shportsevy frogs get out to the land only in rare instances: during a drought when it is necessary to leave the dried-up reservoir, or in the period of rains. They are not capable to be fed on the earth.
Gimenokhirus Bettgera (Hymenochirus boettgeri) - absolutely a crumb. Its length is 3,5 - 4 centimeters. The body is covered with fine-grained skin. Pipovy gimenokhirusa differ in small membranes between fingers of forepaws from others, for as got the scientific name which literal translation of “kozhistorukiya“. From all water frogs they are, perhaps, the most graceful and sure swimmers.Pip Korvalyo`s
, or Brazilian dwarfish Pip (Pipa corvalhoi), lives in still waters in the north of South America, settling among thickets of plants and snags. Prefers places with an oozy bottom in which it is dug in at the slightest fright. At dwarfish Pip the body which was more flattened than at shportsevy frogs, the head at a look from above has the triangle form, on the ends of fingers of forepaws characteristic leathery “asterisks“ (probably, it is organs of touch). Length of a trunk is 6 centimeters. Adult males smaller and flat and are painted much more darkly than females. Young pipa are very similar on gimenokhirus of the same size, but gimenokhirusa in the thickness of water float more slowly and more quietly. Pippa quickly rise to a water surface behind air and even quicker direct down to hide at the bottom. When swimming fingers of forepaws at them are straightened (at gimenokhirus - are most often bent).Water frogs are quite nice
. Unfortunately, their coloring is not in the flower of beauty: top of a body it is dark - gray or serovato - brown with blackish specks and stains, sometimes with an olive shade, a bottom - white with a grayish shade and not clear brownish marks. Occasionally brown shportsevy frogs meet. In Moscow, in laboratory of Institute of biology of development the shportsevy frog - an albino was incidentally removed and multiplied. Quickly enough it won sympathies of domestic and foreign aquarians. The body at albinos zheltovato - white or is gentle - pink, from below - is clean - white, eyes red, claws remained black.
Housing for dexterous jumpers
of the Requirement to “living space“ at frogs modest: will even arrange medium-sized individuals 3 - 5 - a one-liter jar, but for convenience of supervision it is better to use an aquarium with a capacity from 20 liters (50 - 60 - liter is already luxury). It is necessary to remember that frogs like to hide in secluded places, actively rummage in soil and much more, than fishes, pollute water the allocations.
the Main shortcomings of shportsevy frogs - the large sizes and predatory habits. If to lodge them together with fishes, frogs will surely eat all smaller and weak neighbors. Pippa constitute danger only to a trifle of the size of the guppy and neon. And for absolutely harmless gimenokhirus, on the contrary, the neighbourhood of large, gluttonous and cocky fishes is extremely undesirable.to All who support water frogs should remember
that the aquarium has to be surely closed by glass or a grid. Shportsevy frogs - dexterous jumpers. They can without any visible reasons suddenly (as a rule, at night) to leave the dwelling, and then they are waited by inevitable fast death from drying. Gimenokhirusa are capable to jump out of an aquarium, not to mention the pipa able to climb well vertical glass thanks to a mucous lower body too. In the glass covering an aquarium, of course, there has to be enough air vents: frogs breathe, rising to a water surface and swallowing atmospheric air.Having been
on a floor, the shportsevy frog shows surprising speed, sliding on a wet stomach, tries to return to native elements as soon as possible. It is difficult to catch incredibly slippery fidget: it, even being clamped in a fist, “filters“ between fingers, becoming almost flat, or, having turned into a lump of muscles, desperately kicks, beats off legs, trying to scratch the hand which seized her. >
as soil in an aquarium it is better for p to use small river gravel or a granite crumb of 4 in size - 6 millimeters. It is inconvenient to stir such soil, and it will not stir up a reservoir. Sand, on the contrary, promotes accumulation of silt, frogs in search of food vzmuchivat it, and water in an aquarium becomes dirty. However, for pipovy it has no value, they do not love only an oily film on the water surface preventing to swallow air.
of the Plant for “splash pool“ are suitable rather large, with strong stalks and leaves, with powerful root system. Considering a habit of frogs to conduct undermining under unstable objects, the lower part of bushes of plants should be imposed with stones.Soil and plants decorate with
a reservoir and provide biological balance. However at a good filtration or frequent replacement of water of a frog perfectly feel also in absolutely empty aquarium with couple of clay crocks - shelters at the bottom. By the way, it is not necessary to use powerful filters: being inhabitants of still waters, pipovy do not love prompt streams with bubbles.are less sensitive
To quality of water of a frog, than the most unpretentious species of fish. When cleaning an aquarium for substitution use the usual tap water which settled during one - two days. Naturally, at the same time it is necessary to avoid sharp temperature drops. The water purge by means of the microcompressor, despite pulmonary breath of amphibians, is useful, but if it is absent, too it does not matter. Interesting feature of gimenokhirus was noticed by fans. Happens, “herd“ from one and a half tens copies in idle time 3 - a one-liter jar, without any purge and a filtration, in muddy “old“ water - health at each frog excellent sits, and replace them in a decorative aquarium, in ideal, from the human point of view, conditions - begin diseases.Gimenokhirusa`s
- most “whimsical“ of water frogs. For them it is desirable to maintain water temperature not lower than 20, and it is better - 24 ° C as in cool water organism resilience to infectious and fungal diseases sharply decreases.
Dwarfish pipa love heat too, but are more hardy to fall of temperature.
Optimum temperature when keeping shportsevy frogs - usual room, that is 18 - 22 ° C.
needs to be remembered that frogs - beings quite nervous and impressionable. They do not love when near an aquarium loud sounds, for example knock are distributed. In panic of a frog begin to rush about sharply, hitting against walls, stones, plants, lifting silt from a bottom. This shyness does not pass at them until the end of life therefore you treat her with understanding. At the same time frogs easily get used to take meat pieces from a spoke, tweezers and even from hands.
Greasy food damages health
of the Frog - predators. The size of the victim is defined by the size of their mouth and volume of a stomach. From live forages it is more preferable than a larva of mosquitoes (a crank, a koretr), the water flea, earthworms, tadpoles. Trubochnik causes food poisonings, it is better for them not to feed. It is possible to include in a diet also strips of fresh low-fat meat. Pippa willingly bring together from a water surface the dry water flea and gamarus.
are eaten by frogs much and greedy, getting fat in the eyes. The forage is pushed in a mouth by means of forward pads. The most dangerous to them - obesity. The frog of normal, average fatness looks flat; grown fat from early age forever gets a backbone curvature, outside similar to a hump. Such humpbacked kolyshashchayasya the carcass with paws looks absolutely not esthetically.with
Gimenokhirusov and young frogs are fed once in two - three days, adults Pip and shportsevy - two times a week. Suspiciously grown stout it is possible to take half-starving one - one and a half weeks.
Good conditions of keeping (the main thing, without greasy and plentiful food) provide life expectancy of shportsevy frogs to 15, and dwarfish Pip - till 10 years. The century of gimenokhirus is slightly shorter.