Rus Articles Journal

The magic country of puzzles

Today you will find the huge choice of all puzzles and games connected with drawing up pictures in any children`s shop. For example, pictures - inserts which are put in a ready form, cutting pictures, cubes with pictures on all sides; puzzles.

the Quantity of details of compound pictures, their size and a form, and also plots happen the most different. But everything depends on age of children for whom game is intended. If, for example, two-year-old kids can play with pictures - inserts, then puzzles are suitable for children is more senior more.

to Begin to collect by

the real puzzles with the child better than from 2 - 3 years . Try to consider interests of the kid and complexity of puzzles. It is desirable that the first puzzles consisted of a small number of large elements (four - six), and pictures were interesting to the baby.

Gradually you will be able to complicate game, adding quantity of details and reducing their size. It is important that all objects which are represented on multi-colored pieces of cardboard were familiar to the child. Let it will be some one large image, for example, the fairy tale character from the favourite animated film.

However if to your kid only of one and a half or two of year , then usual children`s puzzles do not suit it. But do not refuse this fascinating game at all! This game promotes development of figurative and logical thinking, any attention, perception of separate elements in color, a form, the size. She learns to perceive correctly communication between part and whole, develops small motility of a hand, stimulates intellectual activity, promotes improvement of memory and increases working capacity.

Try to make puzzles, having chosen pictures which will suit the baby on age. Take a thick cardboard, and foam rubber is better - it will be easier for still still weak and awkward fingers to cope with it. Paste on it any picture which pleased you, and cut it on four - six large parts. Your task - to show to the child as whole corresponds to parts in the image. And, of course, help the kid, take together with him part in it still business, difficult for it.

So, you collect puzzles together with the child the first time. At first turn all details pictures up. Then pay attention of the kid to angular fragments. And then begin to collect the image, having laid out at first a frame. When it will be more elements, you will display them on small small groups on shades and flowers - it will be so simpler to find a fragment necessary to you. Happens that children like to collect the central figures of a picture. It is possible to collect separately several fragments, and then to connect everything in a single whole.

Other option. Collect a drawing fragment, then clean several details and tell the kid approximately following: “The angry wizard bewitched our picture, and some details were lost. They need to be found, collected, and then the beautiful birdie will recover. Let`s try together“. Try to think out interesting stories during this occupation, to tell fairy tales to the little participant of game. For example, ask questions: “Whom do you see on the picture? Bear? And here? A small fish in an aquarium? And where it floats?“

Such questions and reasonings will help the child not to get stuck on details, and to include them in the complete picture. Options there can be a set. Everything depends on your imagination. Remember that only in process of a growing the baby has an ability to notice, and then also to learn a subject.

the child can already collect by

In three years puzzles from eight - ten large details of a similar form. At this age important value has the image therefore take care of that the picture consisted of bright various flowers. If at first the image consists only of one subject, then gradually to complicate a task, enter puzzles with a large number of elements and the represented objects. But do all this extremely accurately, without forcing the kid to the new choice of the picture. The child himself will ask something else as soon as he to him bothers to collect the old image.

By five years the kid can already quite cope with puzzles which consist even of 100 fragments. Naturally, by means of parents. Then the kid will want to collect multi-colored pictures independently, without assistance. Do not disturb it in such hard occupation, but be ready to solve at any time together with it this difficult puzzle.

Children of 5 - 6 years
are, as a rule, rather well familiar to

with process of collecting of puzzles therefore they can safely offer pictures with a large number of elements (from 30 to 250) or volume puzzles - models.

Puzzles (puzzle - (English) - a puzzle) were invented in England in 1761. John Spilsberi, the London dealer in maps, thought up the new manual. It began to paste maps on a wooden basis and to cut the turned-out “sandwich“ on pieces of a bizzare shape. Despite high price, the novelty made great success. However within decades puzzles were applied only to maps.
After their steel to use also for studying of other objects. So, puzzles from the chronological table with dates of government of the English kings and queens remained.
at the beginning of the 20th century puzzles with art reproductions began to make as adult entertainment. They quickly found popularity and literally for several years were fashionable saloon hobby including in pre-revolutionary Russia.
at the end of 20 - x years in America puzzles from a cardboard invented. It allowed to reduce significantly their price and, as a result, resulted in wide popularity around the world. At the time of “Prohibition“ puzzles became extremely popular in America. Reached that in the large cities their assembly competitions were arranged. Team competitions when the huge pictures consisting of several thousand details gathered were especially interesting.
Each element of such puzzle is numbered by

. It should be taken from a leaf and to connect accurately one after another to the others. Do not forget to suggest the kid to verify result with the image on a packing box.

In general, a large number of different types and modifications of puzzles exists. By the principle of puzzles various games with pair pictures in which the participant of game has to find communication between objects are based and pick up to each picture couple according to this communication. If couple is picked up correctly, then the cut of pictures coincides and the lock is closed.


It is known that the majority of puzzles is made on the basis of a firm cardboard. But for the smallest there are puzzles from a tree, plastic, and even... soft puzzles from the made foam polypropylene. Such puzzles can be collected not only on a table, but also on a wet tile in a bathroom during bathing.

In puzzles children of different age, mothers and fathers, grandmothers and grandfathers can play

. It is possible to collect puzzles at any age. The main thing - to derive pleasure from creative process! Fine, having gathered all family at a table, to pass away gloomy autumn evening behind drawing up a bright intricate picture of one thousand pieces...