Rus Articles Journal

Parrots are nerazluchnik of

of Feature of behavior

In tropical Africa, on Madagascar and on several nearby islands parrots - nerazluchnik live. So they were called because was considered as if in case of death of one of couple of popugaychik also another dies of intolerable grief. It is only the touching fairy tale.

can be contained In a cage of nerazluchnik and one by one, however such way of life is not suitable for a feral bird.

Nerazluchnikam strong mutual attachment of a male and female is peculiar to

. They constantly keep together, never moving away from the partner further voice audibility limits. Together fly behind a forage and on a watering place. Have together a rest, having closely nestled side by side and gently touching each other plumelets. The Nerazluchnost of parrots in the nature is not limited to contacts only with one bird, it is important to them to be near relatives. However, the gregarious way of life does not exclude quarrels and fights with neighbors. When it happens, one of birds just flies away on other branch and, a little later, comes back to the former place as if nothing occurred. In limited space of a cage or the open-air cage it is difficult to group of nerazluchnik to get on without the conflicts.

Remarkable attachment of partners is to each other reflected by

in the scientific name of these parrots - Agapornis (from the Greek agapein - to love also ornis - a bird). British call nerazluchnik of love birds (birds in love).

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Knows six types of nerazluchnik: black-winged, pink-checked,-point, oranzhevogolovy, zelenogolovy (osheynikovy) and serogolovy. Externally they are quite similar: the small sizes (approximately from a sparrow or from a starling), thickset, with rather large head, a strong beak and very short tail which length is hardly equal to a half of length of a wing. The plumage is mainly green. Some types - in nests of tkachik, in cracks of rocks and termitaries nest in hollows.

the Majority of types of nerazluchnik, unlike other parrots, does not build nests, and just lays eggs on a hollow bottom. There are types which spin roundish nests in shelters or do only a laying. Females are engaged in the device of a nest, they have very interesting ritual of transportation of blades, thin branches and strips of bark. The birdie thrusts a beak construction material between feathers of a tail, back part of a back or neck and flies with freight “behind shoulders“ to the place chosen for a nest. It seems to the uninitiated observer that the parrot decorates and extends the unsightly tail! The male only accompanies a female in search of material, and sometimes even disturbs her, pulling out the blades which are sticking out extensively from feathers...-Point nerazluchnik exception: females transfer branches and small stalks in a beak.

On the hot homeland nerazluchnik never depart far from water. Are fed with various berries and small seeds, finding them on the earth, trees and bushes. Unlike other parrots the food is not brought a pad to a mouth. Very mobile, dexterously climb and run on branches, helping themselves a beak. Fly quickly, letting out sharp cry in flight. Pink-checked nerazluchnik willingly keep near settlements of the person. Raids of their packs on fields with the ripening cereals bring damage to locals.

the Small sizes, beauty of plumage, lovely shape, ability to breed in room conditions - all this nerazluchnik are attractive by

to fans of birds. However, the adult nerazluchnik completely manual never becomes and does not give in to training. But artificially brought up baby birds taken from a nest shortly before a departure strongly become attached to the tutor - welcome, more, than wavy popugaychik.

Shouts of nerazluchnik - shrill ringing “tsit

- tsit - tsit - tsit“ and similar sharp, “sharp“ sounds. Birdies, as a rule, have often something in common. The people who are sensitively reacting to noise should lodge nerazluchnik in the certain room or to choose other feathery pets.

Variety of types

the smallest representative of a sort - a nerazluchnik serogolovy, living on Madagascar, Zanzibar, the Comoro Islands, Reunion and Mauritius. Birdies modestly are painted: at a male the head, a neck and top of a breast light-gray, other plumage green. A female all zheltovato - green color. The beak is gray, small and very accurate.

the Oranzhevogolovy (red-faced) nerazluchnik is slightly larger than

and is very beautiful: on the general emerald background of plumage are allocated blue to a nadkhvostya and scarlet (at a female - orange) the “mask“ reaching a darkness, eyes and a breast. Supplements a mask small brightly - a red beak. Contains in bondage seldom. This look has extensive area of distribution: from Guinea on the East to the South of Sudan and Uganda, on the South - to Angola; lodges in the savanna, avoiding the continuous woods. The female for construction of a nest chooses a termitary where she gnaws the tunnel up to 30 centimeters long which is coming to an end with a nested chamber. The bottom of a chamber covers leaves and pieces of bark. It is impossible to part in cages of a krasnolitsy nerazluchnik: birds need the appropriate place for a laying of eggs. To open-air cages for construction of a tunnel put a pile of the pressed peat or the small keg filled with peat with the drilled openings.

most often contain a pink-checked nerazluchnik In cages and open-air cages. It is beautiful, rather large popugaychik: 43 - 50 grams weigh, length of a body of 16 - 17 centimeters, from them 4,5 - 5,5 centimeters is the share of a tail. In coloring of plumage prevails travyanisto - green color, a lower back and a nadkhvostya blue, head sides, a throat and a breast it is reddish - pink, and a forehead and plumage over eyes - it is bright - red. A beak solomenno - yellow with a greenish tip. Sometimes pink color at females is expressed more weakly, and a frontal red spot of the smaller size. The baby birds who left a nest easily differ from adults in more dark, ordinary-looking coloring. The beak at them initially black, begins to brighten from a tip to the basis, by three months becomes completely light. The red strip on a forehead appears by the end of the fourth month of life when there is a change of plumage, the first for a birdie. To grind coloring of adults gets at the age of about eight months.

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removed many color variations of a pink-checked nerazluchnik: blue, motley, pale-yellow, yellow, olivkovo - green, white, gray.

To Europe pink-checked nerazluchnik for the first time was delivered in 1860, and in 1869 - the m in the Berlin zoo was received an issue. Now it is the same cultivated bird, as well as a wavy popugaychik.

Pink-checked nerazluchnik actively protect the territory. During reproduction they can even bite the owner. It is better to part them with couples in separate cages.

the-point nerazluchnik inhabiting the central part of East Africa is subdivided by

into four subspecies which common features are brightly - a red beak and a wide white ring of naked skin around an eye. At chernoshcheky subspecies it is red - an orange throat, is dark - red top of the head, and a forehead, cheeks and a nape - it is black - brown. The Klubnichnogolovy nerazluchnik has is reddish - orange cheeks, a throat and top of the head. Nadkhvostye at these subspecies green, at two others - it is rather dirty - blue. The Maskovy nerazluchnik differs in almost black head, a yellow neck and a breast. At Fischer`s nerazluchnik a forehead red, cheeks and a throat it is red - orange, a breast oranzhevo - yellow, back part of the head korichnevato - yellow. These subspecies can be crossed among themselves, giving prolific posterity of intermediate coloring. Fisherova and maskovy nerazluchnik contain in bondage since 1927. It is a little more difficult to part them, than pink-checked. Blue were brought, it is pale - blue, violet, is yellow - pale-yellow, yellow and white maskovy nerazluchnik, yellow and it is yellow - pale-yellow fisherova.

the largest nerazluchnik - black-winged (some females weigh nearly 70 grams) - well breeds in bondage, but from - for the modest appearance does not interest many fans. Swing feathers black, and in a color of a body green color prevails. A beak brightly - red. At a male red a forehead and plumelets around eyes. These are quite quiet birds, much less aggressive, than pink-checked. Shout seldom, make the chirping sounds more often. Are widespread on edges of evergreen forests of the Abyssinian height in Ethiopia, meet at the height up to 3000 meters above sea level where the climate from time to time does not indulge heat. Birds are well adapted for cold snaps to 0 ° C and even to small frosts (if only there were no drafts and wind). By the way, pink-checked, maskovy and fisherova nerazluchnik contained in street open-air cages of Moscow Zoo from the middle of May prior to the beginning of September, easily transferring spring and autumn night cold weather.

Maintenance, feeding and cultivation

Couple of nerazluchnik - pink-checked, Fischer or maskovy - it is possible to contain in a cage with an area of bottom of 45 × 45 centimeters and not less than 45 centimeters high. Cage length for cultivation - 60 - 80 centimeters (the more the better), width 30, and height - 40 - 60 centimeters. Cages have to be all-metal, with details from plastic or organic glass as wooden laths and sides will surely spoil popugaychik. In an interior poles, a swing, a drinking bowl, three feeding troughs (for a grain, soft and mineral forage) and a suspended kupalka are necessary. Parrots well climb a lattice therefore the ladder is not necessary; besides it prevents birds to fly.

it is better for p to Make multiple copies nerazluchnik when they step over a one-year-old boundary. The cage for cultivation has to have two - three doors, to top suspend a nested lodge. Its height is 20 - 25 centimeters, and the area of a bottom - 17 × 17; at distance of two - three centimeters from a cover - a letok with a diameter of 5 - 6 centimeters. During reproduction it is necessary to provide in prosperity birds with thin branches of a linden, a willow or a birch, having cut them on ten-centimetric pieces. Several twigs are put on a lodge bottom. Having got into a lodge, the female splits the branches lying there on fibers and twists from them a laying. After that it moves material from a floor and completes a nest. The birdie lays 4 - 6 white eggs and nasizhivat them within 21 - 26 days. Baby birds are born the blind people covered with rare down. Parents feed them with the semi-digested grain. During this period it is necessary to add melkonarublenny boiled egg, the white loaf soaked in water or milk, friable millet cereal, the couched grains of wheat, oats and millet to a diet of birds.

For the tenth day at kids eyes open. Monthly baby birds are completely covered with feathers. At the age of 35 - 40 days they leave a nest, but parents continue to feed them about two more weeks, to full independence. After that the brood needs to be transplanted in a separate cage. It is the best of all to part popugaychik since the end of February on May and from August to October as in hot summer months germs in eggs perish from excessive dryness of air. After a departure of the second brood the nested lodge needs to be cleaned till the next period of reproduction.

Keep young fowls in the open-air cage, and they break into couples. It is at first sight very difficult to define their sex. Males, as a rule, a little more small than females. At a male the skull extended, flat from above, and the forehead is lower, than at a samochka. At a female a skull short, dome-shaped. Also she sits on a pole, placing slightly more widely than a pad. At a male landing more vertical. These signs are noticeable only in a quiet situation. At males of a maskovy nerazluchnik on the head it is stronger expressed it is black - brown color (at a female more brown shade), and a yellow strip on a neck sometimes very narrow.

the Main forage for nerazluchnik - grain mix from millet (60%), oats (20%) and a white canary seed with an additive of a small amount of seeds of sunflower, boiled egg, grated carrots, leaves of a dandelion, salad and a tradescantia. The close cage (such, unfortunately, most often happen on sale) will become the reason of obesity and metabolic disorder even at careful control of a diet. In the open-air cage obesity does not threaten parrots; they will never eat excess quantity of food.

Average life expectancy of nerazluchnik - 15 years, they can breed to 7 - 9 - summer age.

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For training in “conversation“ needs the manual fosterling from early age isolated from communication with other nerazluchnik. Most often the parrot reproduces the name and two more - three words and that is illegible.