Rus Articles Journal

Labor protection of pregnant women

the Code of laws on the work Russian Federation
in edition for September 25, 1992
(with changes of December 22, 1992, on January 27, on February 15,
on July 18, on August 24, on November 24, 1995, on November 24, 1996,
on March 17, 1997, on May 6, 24, on July 31, 1998, on April 30, 1999)

Chapter XI. Work of women the, and also the workers having minor children or who are carrying out care of sick members of their families

Article 160. Works at which application of work of women

is forbidden to

application of work of women on a hard work and at works with harmful working conditions, and also at underground works Is forbidden (rum of some underground works (not physical works or works on sanitary and consumer services).

the List of a hard work and works with harmful working conditions on which application of work of women is forbidden, is approved in the order established by the legislation.

to

forbid carrying and movement by women of the weights exceeding the limit rates established for them.

Article 161. Restriction of work of women at works

Involvement of women to works is not allowed at night by

at night, except for those branches of a national economy where it is caused by special need and it is allowed as a temporary measure.

Article 162. Prohibition of night, overtime works and the direction in business trips of the pregnant women and women having children under three years

is not allowed by

attraction to works in river time, to overtime works and works on the weekend and the direction in business trips of the pregnant women and women having children under three years.

Article 163. Restriction of night, overtime works and the direction in the business trips of the workers having minor children or who are carrying out care of sick members of their families

of the Man, having children under three years, and the workers who are carrying out care of sick members of their families according to medical certificate can be involved in works only from their consent at night.

of the Woman, having children aged from three till fourteen years, the men having children aged till fourteen years, the workers having children - disabled people or disabled people since the childhood before achievement of age of eighteen years by them, and the workers who are carrying out care of sick members of their families according to medical certificate cannot be involved in overtime works and go to business trips without their consent.

Article 163. 1. The additional day off to One of the working parents (the trustee, the trustee) - disabled people and disabled people since the childhood before achievement of age of 18 years by them it are provided by

for care of children to h2 four additional paid the day off in a month which can be used by one of the called persons or are divided by them among themselves at discretion. Payment of each additional day off is made at a rate of day earnings at the expense of fund of social insurance of the Russian Federation. In case one of parents does not work, two additional days off a month with payment on the same conditions are provided to the working parent.

to

to the Women working in rural areas provides, at will, one additional day off a month without preservation of a salary.

Article 164. Transfer to easier work of the pregnant women and women having children aged till one and a half years

to Pregnant women according to medical certificate performance standards decrease, norms of service or they are transferred to other work easier and excluding influence of adverse production factors, with preservation of average earnings on former work.

To the solution of a question of granting to the pregnant woman, another, easier and excluding influence of adverse production factors work it is subject to release from work with preservation of average earnings for everything passed thereof the working days at the expense of enterprise assets, establishments, the organizations.

of the Woman, having children aged till one and a half years, in case of impossibility of performance of former work are transferred to other work with preservation of average earnings on former work before achievement of one and a half years by the child of age.

Article 165. Maternity leaves

to Women are granted maternity leaves lasting seventy (in case of polycarpous pregnancy eighty four) calendar days before childbirth and seventy (in case of the complicated childbirth - eighty six, at the birth of two or more children - hundred ten) calendar days after the delivery.

the Maternity leave is estimated in

totally and is provided to the woman completely irrespective of number of the days which are actually used before childbirth.

Article 166. Accession to a maternity leave of annual vacation

Before a maternity leave or directly after it, or upon termination of a child care leave of women according to her statement, is granted annually leave irrespective of length of service on given the enterprise, in institution, the organization.

Article 167. Child care leaves

it you grant to

at the request of women a child care leave before achievement of their age of three years.

the Child care leave to achievement of age by it three can be put by

is used completely or in parts also by the child`s father, the grandmother, the grandfather or other relatives, the trustee who is actually carrying out care of the child.

them in a child care leave they can work as

at the request of the woman and persons specified regarding the second present article during stay at conditions of part-time or at home.

the Child care leave is set off by

in the general and continuous seniority, and also in length of service in the specialty (except cases of award of pension on favorable terms).

In the length of service granting the right for the subsequent annual paid vacations, time of a child care leave is not set off.

during a child care leave the place of work (position) remains.

Article 168. Holiday the workers who adopted the child

by

to the Workers who adopted the child are granted leave for the period from the date of adoption and before the expiration of seventy days about birthdays of the adopted child, and at adoption of two and more children - hundred ten days from the date of their birth. The order of providing the specified holiday is defined by the Government of the Russian Federation.

at the request of the workers who adopted the child by it is granted a child care leave before achievement of age of three years by it.

the specified leaves are granted by

in case of adoption of the child by both spouses to one of spouses at their discretion.

Article 169. Breaks for feeding of the child

to the Women having children aged till one and a half years are provided to

besides the general break for rest and food additional breaks for feeding of the child.

These breaks are provided to

at least volume in three hours, lasting not less than thirty minutes everyone. In the presence of two or more children aged till one and a half years duration of a break is established not less than an hour.

Breaks for feeding of the child join in working hours and are paid for average earnings.

Terms and an order of granting breaks are established by administration together with the appropriate electoral trade-union authority of the enterprise, establishment, the organization taking into account mother`s wishes.

Article 170. The guarantee at employment and dismissal of the pregnant women and workers having minor children

Is forbidden to refuse to

employment and to reduce a salary to the workers based on connected with presence of children, and the women also based on connected with pregnancy. At refusal in employment to the pregnant woman, the worker having the child aged till three years (the child - the disabled person or the disabled person since the childhood before achievement of age of eighteen years by it), to the lonely mother or the lonely father having the child aged till fourteen years, the employer is obliged to report a cause of failure in writing. Refusal in employment can be appealed in court.

by

Dismissal of pregnant women, the women having the children under three years, workers having children - disabled people or disabled people since the childhood before achievement of age of eighteen years, the lonely mother or the lonely father having the child aged till fourteen years by them at the initiative of the employer are not allowed, except cases of liquidation of the organization when dismissal with obligatory employment is allowed. Obligatory employment of the specified workers is carried out by the employer also in cases of their dismissal upon termination of the urgent employment contract (contract). For employment behind them the average salary, but not over three months from the date of the termination of the urgent employment contract (contract) remains.

Article 170(1). Guarantees when passing obligatory dispensary inspection by pregnant women

When passing obligatory dispensary inspection in medical institutions for pregnant women average earnings in the place of work remain.

Article 171. Issue of permits to pregnant women in sanatoria and rest houses and rendering financial support to them

Administration of the enterprises, the organizations in coordination with the appropriate electoral trade-union authority of the enterprise, the organization in case of need can give

to pregnant women of the permit in sanatoria and rest houses free of charge or on favorable terms, and also to give them financial support.

Article 172. Service of women at the enterprises, in the organizations with broad application of female work

At the enterprises, in the organizations with broad application of female work will organize a children`s day nursery and gardens, rooms for feeding of babies, and also rooms of personal hygiene of women.